German single sleeve
|Single by The Kinks|
|from the album Lola Versus Powerman and the Moneygoround, Part One|
|Released||12 June 1970|
|Recorded||April–May 1970 at Morgan Studios, Willesden, London|
|Label||Pye 7N 17961
|The Kinks singles chronology|
"Lola" is a song written by Ray Davies and performed by English rock band the Kinks on their album Lola Versus Powerman and the Moneygoround, Part One. The song details a romantic encounter between a young man and a possible transvestite, whom he meets in a club in Soho, London. In the song, the narrator describes his confusion towards a person named Lola who "walked like a woman and talked like a man". Although Ray Davies claims that the incident was inspired by a true encounter experienced by the band's manager, alternate explanations for the song have been spread by fans and drummer Mick Avory.
The song was released in the United Kingdom on June 12, 1970, while in the United States it was released on June 28, 1970. Commercially, the single reached number two on the UK Singles Chart and number nine on the Billboard Hot 100. However, due to its controversial subject matter and use of the brand name Coca-Cola, the single received backlash and even bans in Britain and Australia. Despite this, the track has since become one of The Kinks' most iconic and popular songs, later being ranked number 473 on the NME's "500 Greatest Songs Of All Time" list.
Since its release, "Lola" has appeared on multiple compilation and live albums. In 1980, a live version of the song from the album One for the Road was released as a single in America and some European countries, becoming a minor hit. Other versions include live renditions from 1972's Everybody's in Show-Biz and 1996's To the Bone. The "Lola" character also made an appearance in the lyrics of the band's 1981 song, "Destroyer".
Ray Davies has claimed that he was inspired to write "Lola" after Kinks manager Robert Wace spent a night in Paris dancing with a transvestite. Davies said of the incident, "In his apartment, Robert had been dancing with this black woman, and he said, 'I'm really onto a thing here.' And it was okay until we left at six in the morning and then I said, 'Have you seen the stubble?' He said 'Yeah,' but he was too pissed [intoxicated] to care, I think."
Drummer Mick Avory has offered an alternate explanation for the song's lyrics, claiming that "Lola" was partially inspired by Avory's frequenting of transvestite bars in west London. Avory said, "We used to know this character called Michael McGrath. He used to hound the group a bit, because being called The Kinks did attract these sorts of people. He used to come down to Top of the Pops, and he was publicist for John Stephen's shop in Carnaby Street. He used to have this place in Earl's Court, and he used to invite me to all these drag queen acts and transsexual pubs. They were like secret clubs. And that's where Ray [Davies] got the idea for 'Lola.' When he was invited too, he wrote it while I was getting drunk."
Despite claims that the song was written about a supposed date between Ray Davies and trans woman actress Candy Darling, Davies has since claimed this rumour to be false, saying that the two only went out to dinner together and that he had known the whole time of Darling's sexuality.
In his autobiography, Dave Davies said that he came up with the music for what would become "Lola," noting that brother Ray added the lyrics after hearing it. In a 1990 interview, Dave Davies claimed that "Lola" was written in a similar fashion to 'You Really Got Me' in that the two worked on Ray's basic skeleton of the song, saying that the song was more of a collaborative effort than many believed.
Writing and recording
Written in April 1970, "Lola" was cited by Ray Davies as the first song he wrote following a break he took to act in the 1970 Play for Today film The Long Distance Piano Player. Davies said that he had initially struggled with writing an opening that would sell the song, but the rest of the song "came naturally."
Initial recordings of the song began in April 1970, but, as the band's bassist John Dalton remembered, recording for "Lola" took particularly long, stretching into the next month. During April, four to five versions were attempted, utilizing different keys as well as varying beginnings and styles. In May, new piano parts were added to the backing track by John Gosling, the band's new piano player that had just been auditioned. Vocals were also added at this time. The song was then mixed during that month. Mick Avory remembered the recording sessions for the song positively, saying that it "was fun, as it was the Baptist's [John Gosling's] first recording with us."
The guitar opening on the song was produced as a result of combining the sound of a Martin guitar and a vintage Dobro resonating guitar. Ray Davies cited this blend of guitar sounds for the song's unique guitar sound.
Release and controversy
Despite the chart success "Lola" would achieve, its fellow Lola vs. Powerman track "Powerman" was initially considered to be the first single from the album. However, "Lola," which Ray Davies later claimed was an attempt to write a hit, was eventually decided on as the debut single release.
"Lola" was released as a single in 1970. In the UK, the B-side to the single was the Kinks Are the Village Green Preservation Society outtake "Berkeley Mews" while the Dave Davies-penned "Mindless Child of Motherhood" was used in the US. It became an unexpected chart smash for the Kinks, reaching number two in Britain and number nine in America. The single also saw success worldwide, reaching the top of the charts in Ireland, New Zealand, and South Africa, as well as the top 5 in Germany, Austria, Belgium, and Switzerland. The success of the single had important ramifications for the band's career at a critical time, allowing them to negotiate a new contract with RCA Records, construct their own London Studio, and assume more creative and managerial control. In a 1970 interview, Dave Davies claimed that, if "Lola" had been a failure, the band would have "gone on making records for another year or so and then drifted apart."
Although the track was a major hit for the band, Dave Davies did not enjoy the success of "Lola," saying, "In fact, when 'Lola' was a hit, it made me feel a bit uncomfortable. Because it was taking us out of a different sort of comfort zone, where we'd been getting into the work, and the writing and the musicality was more thought about. It did have that smell of: 'Oh blimey, not that again.' I found it a bit odd, that period. And then it got odder and weirder." Mick Avory, however, said that he "enjoyed the success" the band had with "Lola" and its follow-up, "Apeman."
Originally, "Lola" received backlash for its controversial lyrics. Talks of censorship began to arise, with some radio stations fading the track out before Lola's true gender was revealed. On 18 November 1970, the song was even banned in Australia because of "controversial subject matter." In a then-current Record Mirror article entitled "Sex Change Record: Kink Speaks", Ray Davies refused to tell Lola's true gender, saying, "It really doesn't matter what sex Lola is, I think she's alright."
Despite its subject matter, the BBC banned the track for a different reason. The original song recorded in stereo had the word "Coca-Cola" in the lyrics, but because of BBC Radio's policy against product placement, Ray Davies was forced to make a round-trip flight from New York to London and back—interrupting the band's American tour—to change those words to the generic "cherry cola" for the single release.[nb 1]
Reception and legacy
"Lola" received positive comments from critics. Upon the single's release, the NME praised the song as "an engaging and sparkling piece with a gay Latin flavour and a catchy hook chorus."[nb 2] Billboard said of the song at the time of its US release, "Currently a top ten British chart winner, this infectious rhythm item has all the ingredients to put the Kinks right back up the Hot 100 here with solid impact." Rolling Stone critic Paul Gambaccini called the song as "brilliant and a smash."[nb 3] Music critic Robert Christgau, despite his mixed opinion on the Lola vs. Powerman album, praised the single as "astounding." Stephen Thomas Erlewine of AllMusic lauded the song for "its crisp, muscular sound, pitched halfway between acoustic folk and hard rock." Ultimate Classic Rock ranked "Lola" as The Kinks' third best song, saying "the great guitar riff that feeds the song is one of Dave's all-time greatest." Paste Magazine listed the track as the band's fourth best song.
The song was also well-liked by the band. Mick Avory, who noted the song as one of the songs he was most proud to be associated with, said "I always liked 'Lola', I liked the subject. It's not like anything else. I liked it for that. We'd always take a different path." In a 1983 interview, Ray Davies said, "I'm just very pleased I recorded it and more pleased I wrote it." The band revisited the "Lola" character in the lyrics of their 1981 song, "Destroyer," a minor chart hit in America.
|Single by The Kinks|
|from the album One for the Road|
|B-side||"Celluloid Heroes (live)"|
|Released||July 23, 1980|
|Recorded||23 September 1979Providence Civic Center, Providence, Rhode Islandat|
|Label||Arista AS 0541 (US)|
|The Kinks US singles chronology|
Since its release, "Lola" became a mainstay in The Kinks' live repertoire, appearing in the majority of the band's subsequent set-lists until the group's break-up. In 1972, a live performance of the song recorded at Carnegie Hall in New York City appeared on the live half of the band's 1972 album, Everybody's in Show-Biz, a double-LP which contained half new studio compositions and half live versions of previously released songs.
A live version of "Lola", recorded in 23 September 1979 in Providence, Rhode Island, was released as a single in the US in July 1980 to promote the live album One for the Road. The B-side was the live version of "Celluloid Heroes". The single was a moderate success, reaching number 81 on the Billboard Hot 100. It was also released in some countries in Europe (although not the UK) in April 1981. It topped the charts in both the Netherlands, matching the number one peak of the original version, and in Belgium, where it exceeded the original's peak of three. It also charted in Australia, peaking at number 69 and spending 22 weeks on the charts. Although not released as a stand-alone single in the UK, it was included on a bonus single (backed with a live version of "David Watts" from the same album) with initial copies of "Better Things" in June 1981. This live rendition, along with the live versions of "Celluloid Heroes" and "You Really Got Me" from the same album, also appeared on the 1986 compilation album Come Dancing with The Kinks: The Best of the Kinks 1977–1986.
Although it did not appear on the original 1994 version, another live version of "Lola" was included on the 1996 US double-album release of To the Bone, the band's final release of new material before their dissolution.
1970 studio version
- Ray Davies – vocals, acoustic guitar
- Dave Davies – electric guitar, backing vocals
- Mick Avory – drums
- John Dalton – bass
- John Gosling – piano
- Ken Jones – maracas
1980 live version
- Ray Davies – vocals, acoustic guitar
- Dave Davies – electric guitar, backing vocals
- Mick Avory – drums
- Jim Rodford – bass, backing vocals
- Ian Gibbons – keyboards
Weekly singles charts
- List of songs banned by the BBC
- List of Dutch Top 40 number-one singles of 1970
- List of Dutch Top 40 number-one singles of 1981
- List of number-one singles of 1970 (Ireland)
- List of number-one singles in 1970 (New Zealand)
- Ray Davies later claimed that, like in the lyrics of "Lola," he had actually drank champagne that tastes like cola, saying, "I had a Californian champagne that tasted like it, in some kind of L.A. bordello tourist trap."
- The NME later ranked the song number 473 on their "500 Greatest Songs Of All Time" list, calling it "the sweetest" account of "accidentally sleeping with a ladyboy."
- Rolling Stone later ranked "Lola" at 422 on their 2004 list of the "500 Greatest Songs of All Time." However, it was removed from the list on their 2011 revision of the ranking.
- "Lola Versus Powerman and the Moneygoround, Part One". AllMusic.
- "KINKS". Official Charts. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
- "The Kinks – Awards". allmusic. Retrieved 7 April 2015.
- "The 500 Greatest Songs Of All Time – 473. The Kinks – 'Lola'". New Musical Express. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
- Hasted 2011.
- Jovanovic 2014, p. 171.
- Savage 1984.
- Jovanovic 2014, pp. 171–172.
- Hickey 2012, p. 138.
- McCue, Danny. "Dave Davies – Out Of the Ordinary". davedavies.com. Guitar Magazine. Retrieved 11 April 2015.
- Hinman 2004, pp. 140.
- Hinman 2004, pp. 139.
- "“Not Many Drummers from West Molesey Have Done That!" – The Mick Avory Interview: Part 2". kastoffkinks.uk. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- Hinman 2004, p. 142.
- Miller 2003, pp. 110–111.
- Hinman 2004, p. 145.
- Hinman 2004, p. 146.
- Jovanovic 2014, p. 172.
- "Banning songs not a rare occurrence for the BBC". The New Zealand Herald. 19 December 2007. Retrieved 15 October 2011.
- Giles, Jeff. "45 Years Ago: Ray Davies Flies Across the Atlantic – Twice! – to Re-Record Two Words in ‘Lola’". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
- Hinman 2004, p. 144.
- Hinman 2004, p. 148.
- The RS 500 Greatest Songs of All Time – 422: Lola – The Kinks at the Wayback Machine (archived 17 September 2008)
- Christgau, Robert. "The Kinks". robertchristgau.com.
- Gallucci, Michael. "Top 10 Kinks Songs". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
- Stiernberg, Bonnie. "The 15 Best Kinks Songs". Paste. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
- Goodman, Mark (interviewer) (1983). Groovy Movies (Television production). MTV.
- Jovanovic 2014, p. 245.
- Caulfield, Philip. "Weird Al Yankovic sings parody hit ‘Yoda’ with 13-year-old autistic girl". New York Daily News. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
- Hinman 2004, pp. 161–344.
- Hinman 2004, p. 165.
- Hinman 2004, p. 238.
- Hinman 2004, p. 240.
- "dutchcharts.nl – The Kinks – Lola (Live)". Retrieved 9 December 2009.
- "Ultratop.be – The Kinks – Lola (Live)" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- Kent, David. Australian Chart Book: 1970–1992, 23 Years of Hit Singles & Albums from the Top 100 Charts. Australian Chart Book.
- Hinman 2004, p. 248.
- Hinman 2004, p. 282.
- Hinman 2004, p. 340.
- Hinman 2004, pp. 239–240.
- "Go-Set Australian Charts – 16 January 1971". Pop Archives. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
- "Austriancharts.at – The Kinks – Lola" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "Top RPM Singles: Issue 3708." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "Ultratop.be – The Kinks – Lola" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "Officialcharts.de – The Kinks – Lola". GfK Entertainment. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "The Irish Charts – Search Results – Lola". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "Nederlandse Top 40 – week 39, 1970" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40 Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "Nederlandse Top 40 – week 02, 1981" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40 Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "Dutchcharts.nl – The Kinks – Lola" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "Dutchcharts.nl – The Kinks – Lola (Live)" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "South African charts". Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "Swisscharts.com – The Kinks – Lola". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "Archive Chart: 1970-08-08" UK Singles Chart. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "The Kinks Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Hot 100 for The Kinks. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "RPM Top 100 for 1970". RPM. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "Top 100 End of Year UK Charts – 1970". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "Billboard Top 100 – 1970". Billboard. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- Hasted, Nick (2011). You Really Got Me: The Story of The Kinks. Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-1849386609.
- Hickey, Andrew (2012). Preservation: The Kinks' Music 1964–1974. lulu.com. ISBN 978-1291049329.
- Hinman, Doug (2004). The Kinks: All Day and All of the Night: Day by Day Concerts, Recordings, and Broadcasts, 1961–1996. Backbeat Books. ISBN 978-0879307653.
- Jovanovic, Rob (2014). God Save The Kinks: A Biography. Aurum Press Ltd. ISBN 978-1781311646.
- Miller, Andy (2003). The Kinks Are the Village Green Preservation Society. Bloomsbury Academic. ISBN 978-0826414984.
- Savage, Jon (1984). The Kinks: The Official Biography. Faber & Faber. ISBN 978-0571134076.