This article may need to be rewritten entirely to comply with Wikipedia's quality standards. (December 2016)
Dame Louise Casey DBE CB (born 29 March 1965) is a British government official working in social welfare. She was the deputy director of Shelter in 1992, head of the Rough Sleepers' Unit (RSU) in 1999, a director of the national Anti-Social Behaviour Unit (ASBU) in 2003, head of the Respect Task Force in 2005 and the UK's first Victims' Commissioner in March 2010. She became director general of Troubled Families on 1 November 2011.
Early life and career
She began her career with the Department of Health and Social Security (DHSS), administering benefit payments for homeless people. She then worked for the St Mungo Association, a charity that helps homeless people. She became director of the Homeless Network in London, before becoming deputy director of Shelter in 1992. At Shelter she gained a reputation as an "ambitious, pragmatic worker who got results" and was largely responsible for the creation in 1998 of Shelterline, the country's first 24-hour telephone helpline for homeless people.
Rough Sleepers' Unit
Following the 1997 election, the Labour government in December that year created the Social Exclusion Unit (SEU), which had tackling rough sleeping as one of its priorities. In April 1999 the RSU was created and Casey appointed by Prime Minister Tony Blair as its head, referred to in the media as the "homelessness czar". With an eventual budget of £200 million, the RSU's aim was to reduce the number of rough sleepers in England by two-thirds by April 2002. The RSU published its strategy in December 1999.
Casey triggered some controversy in November 1999 when she said the activities of some charities had the effect of keeping homeless people on the streets: "With soup runs and other kinds of charity help, well-meaning people are spending money servicing the problem on the streets and keeping it there. Even The Big Issue is perpetuating the problem." The editor of The Big Issue criticised her comments.
In November 2000, the government launched the RSU-led "Change a Life" campaign, which encouraged people to give money to homelessness charities instead of to beggars, following research suggesting that 86 percent of beggars used drugs. Casey said giving money to beggars was "misplaced goodwill". The donations hotline set up as part of the campaign was closed in March 2002, having collected £10,000, despite advertising spending of £240,000. The RSU achieved its target in November 2001, several months before the deadline, but allegations were made that they had used underhand tactics; Casey responded that they were false. With her work at the RSU finished, she became director of the newly created Homelessness Directorate.
Anti-Social Behaviour Unit
In January 2003, Casey became head of the ASBU at the Home Office. Introduced in 1998, an Anti-Social Behaviour Order is a civil order made against a person who has been shown, on the balance of evidence, to have engaged in anti-social behaviour.
During an after-dinner speech at a private (Home Office/ACPO) function in June 2005, she said that ministers would perform better if they were "pissed" and, "doing things sober is no way to get things done". She added, "There is an obsession with evidence-based policy. If No 10 says bloody evidence-based policy to me one more time I'll deck them one and probably get unemployed." The remarks, defended by the Prime Minister's office, led to an inquiry, after which Casey, having apologised, remained at her position.
Respect Task Force; crime adviser
In September 2005, Casey was appointed head of the Respect Task Force as part of Blair's "respect agenda", becoming known as the "respect czar".
The Respect Action Plan, launched in January 2006, was designed to deal with anti-social behaviour and problematic young people and families.
In December 2007, the task force was closed down, and Casey moved to another job involving community policing. Her review of "Engaging Communities in Fighting Crime" was published in 2008, being based largely on her contact with the public.
In June 2008, Casey was made a Companion of the Order of the Bath. She recommended the requirement, introduced in December 2008, that offenders doing community work should wear fluorescent orange jackets with the words "community payback" printed on the backs.
In October 2009, while working as the government's neighbourhood crime adviser, Casey said that the justice system favoured criminals, and the public wanted a justice system that was not a "criminal's justice system".
On 30 March 2010, Casey was appointed to the post of Commissioner for Victims and Witnesses, created under the Domestic Violence, Crime and Victims Act 2004, whose objective is to "promote the interests of victims and witnesses, encourage good practice in their treatment, and regularly review the Code of Practice for Victims which sets out the services victims can expect to receive". As Victims' Commissioner, Casey said crime victims were treated poorly by the system, and suggested jury trials were unnecessary for many lesser offences.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (June 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
It was reported in September 2011 that Casey would work with Prime Minister David Cameron in dealing with the consequences of widespread rioting a month earlier, and she resigned from the position of Victims' Commissioner on 12 October 2011.
She became Director General, Troubled Families on 1 November 2011. The Troubled Families programme initially intends to change the repeating generational patterns of poor parenting, abuse, violence, drug use, anti-social behaviour and crime in the 120,000 most troubled families in the UK, with the government investing some £4,000 per family over 3 years, and each family having an assigned family worker. Mental health problems are often found in such families. In January 2013, the Department for Communities and Local Government (DCLG) commissioned a consortium to provide an independent evaluation of the Phase One Troubled Families Programme.
By November 2013, some 22,000 families had been "turned round", based on metrics such as child school attendance and crimes committed, although at least some of these families continue to commit some crimes.
Casey does not believe people undertake behaviours to gain benefits, and that compulsory contraception, while reducing the number of children being born into such families, would lead to high-risk teens finding "something else to get into trouble with. Because they've got trouble in their souls, trouble in their heart, troubles in their head. So even if you brought in some draconian thing like that, they'd find something else to do that would actually be an expression of not having enough love or of having too much pain".
Casey also told The Daily Telegraph (20.07.12): 'We are not running some cuddly social workers programme...we should be talking about things like shame and guilt...we have lost the ability to be judgmental because we worry about being seen as nasty to poor people'.
In June 2013, the UK government announced its intention to extend this intensive help to 400,000 more families, committing £200 million in funding in 2015 to 2016. It expects, for every £4,000 spent on a family, an annual saving of £15,000 in the costs of the police, health and social services in dealing with the family. In March 2015, Casey and the Department for Communities and Local Government website asserted that 105,671 families of the 117,910 processed had been "turned around", some 89.6%, saving £1.2 billion per annum although Casey had said that the TFP would save £9 billion per annum at the start of the scheme. According to the Department for Communities and Local Government website, each family before programme entry, cost £26,000 per annum. The TFP allegedly saved £11,200 per family implying that 56.9% of the original cost still remained although 89.6% of families had been 'turned around'.
The evaluation by the National Institute for Economic and Social Research was published on 17 October 2016. The report found that there had been "no significant impact" of the scheme. Casey stated: “They (NIESR) had not, frankly, put any of the caveats in the public domain” and that “they have misrepresented their own research”. NIESR disputed these statements.
Following the publication of a report by Alexis Jay on the Rotherham child sexual exploitation scandal, Casey was appointed by Eric Pickles to lead the inspection of the children's services at Rotherham council. The Guardian reported on 10 September 2014: "In his written ministerial statement, Pickles says he has directed Casey to consider how the council exercised its functions on governance, children and young people, and taxi and private hire licensing.'"
Casey's report was published on 4 February 2015, and found that the local authority's child sexual exploitation (CSE) team was poorly directed, suffered from excessive case loads, and did not share information.
The Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government, Eric Pickles, said the local authority was "not fit for purpose", and announced proposals to remove its control from the councillors and give it to a team of five appointed commissioners. The Labour Party leader Ed Miliband said that his party had "let people down in Rotherham". However, Casey's report was also heavily criticised by social work academics in Community Care in March 2015:
- "There are troubling aspects of the report...the process by which it was prepared, in particular the lack of rigor and transparency in the methods used to gather and analyse data...This gap [in methodology] ...should concern us as it goes to the heart of issues of accuracy."
After the end of the Rotherham report, Casey was asked to undertake a broader review of community cohesion and extremism. In October 2016, some newspapers printed that the report had been ready for months but had not been published because of concerns at the Home Office on its content with regards to immigration.
The Review was finally published on 5 December 2016. The Review stated segregation and social exclusion are at "worrying levels" and are fuelling inequality in some areas of Britain. Women in some communities are denied "even their basic rights as British residents". The report described the plight of women in some Muslim communities, who were "less likely to speak English and more likely to be kept at home". Among Casey's recommendations were that immigrants could take "an oath of integration with British values and society" and schoolchildren be taught about British values.
In March 2018, while speaking on BBC Radio 4's Westminster Hour, Casey suggested that, in order to encourage integration, the government should set a target date for "everybody in the country" to speak English. Conservative MP and former immigration minister Mark Harper welcomed the comments.
Honours and assessments
Casey was appointed Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) in the 2008 Birthday Honours and Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE) in the 2016 Birthday Honours for services to families and vulnerable people.
- Casey, Louise. ""Engaging Communities in Fighting Crime: A Review by Louise Casey"" (PDF). (987 KB). Cabinet Office. June 2008; accessed 6 September 2011.
- "Dame Louise Casey CB". GOV.UK. Retrieved 15 September 2016.
- Batty, David (16 June 2008). "Profile: government crime adviser Louise Casey". London, UK: The Guardian. Retrieved 27 August 2011.
- "Casey, Dame Louise, (born 29 March 1965), Director General, Troubled Families Team, Department for Communities and Local Government, 2011–15", WHO'S WHO & WHO WAS WHO; accessed 22 January 2018.
- "Profile: Louise Casey". BBC News. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
- Fairclough, Norman (2000). New Labour, New Language?, Routledge, p. 51.
- Noaks, Lesley; Wincup, Emma. (2004). Criminological Research: Understanding Qualitative Methods, SAGE Publications, p. 147.
- For Blair and staff, see: Chrystal, Robin. "Homelessness czar gets to work", BBC News, 15 December 1999; accessed 30 August 2011.
- For budget, see: "Sleeping rough – The Homelessness Tsar answers your questions", BBC News, 22 August 2010; accessed 30 August 2011.
- The RSU was originally created to deal with homelessness in London, and in September 1999 extended its activities to the rest of England. See: Cloke, Paul J; Milbourne, Paul; Widdowfield, Rebekah. (2002). Rural Homelessness: Issues, Experiences and Policy Responses. The Policy Press, p. 110.
- ""Coming in from the cold: the Government's strategy on rough sleeping"" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 August 2012. (78.6 KB). communities.gov.uk, 16 December 1999; accessed 8 September 2011
- webpage Archived 29 August 2012 at the Wayback Machine., communities.gov.uk; accessed 31 December 2016.
- "Charities 'promote homelessness'", BBC News. 14 November 1999; accessed 30 August 2011.
- See also: Liddiard, Mark. "Homelessness". p. 126. In: May, Margaret; Page, Robert M; Brunsdon, Edward. (eds) (2001). Understanding Social Problems: Issues in Social Policy. Blackwell Publishers.
- Noaks, Lesley; Wincup, Emma. (2004). Criminological Research: Understanding Qualitative Methods, SAGE Publications, pp. 147–48.
- Summerskill, Ben; Newey, Guy. "Beggars hotline ditched as flop". The Guardian, 3 March 2002; accessed 7 September 2011.
- Morrison, James; Seymenliyska, Elena. "Rough sleepers unit 'fiddled the figures'", The Independent, 23 December 2001; accessed 30 August 2011.
- "Homelessness tsar", The Guardian, 20 December 2002; accessed 6 September 2011.
- Walker, David. "Civil servant squares up to anti-social behaviour". The Guardian. 2 January 2003. Accessed 6 September 2011.
- Andalo, Debbie. "Asbo tsar faces investigation", The Guardian, 6 July 2005; accessed 6 September 2011.
- Johnston, Philip. "She boasted about binge drinking and 'decking' officials in crude outburst. Now Blair promotes her to respect tsar". The Daily Telegraph, 3 September 2005; accessed 8 September 2011.
- "Blair defends Asbo tsar's gaffe", BBC News, 6 July 2005; accessed 6 September 2011.
- *Glover, Julian. "Outspoken 'yob tsar' to keep her job", The Guardian, 14 July 2005; accessed 6 September 2011.
- "Ins and outs". The Guardian. 7 September 2005. Accessed 6 September 2011.
- See also: Branigan, Tania. "'Deck 'em' adviser made head of respect drive by Blair and Clarke". The Guardian. 3 September 2005; accessed 6 September 2011.
- "Respect action plan: At-a-glance". BBC News. Accessed 8 September 2011.
- Wintour, Patrick. "Blair's Respect agenda ditched, claim Tories", The Guardian, 24 December 2007; accessed 6 September 2011.
- Pratt, John. "Penal excess and penal exceptionalism: welfare and imprisonment in Anglophone and Scandinavian societies". p. 264. In: Crawford, Adam (ed) (2011). International and Comparative Criminal Justice and Urban Governance: Convergence and Divergence in Global, National and Local Settings, Cambridge University Press; accessed 22 January 2018.
- "TV entertainers head honours list", BBC News, 13 June 2008; accessed 6 September 2011.
- Ford, Richard. "Offenders on community work projects will have to wear orange bibs", The Times, 27 November 2008; accessed 8 September 2011.
- Ford, Richard. "Crime adviser says justice system is seen as ‘too sympathetic’ to criminals", The Times, 19 October 2009; accessed 8 September 2011.
- Wintour, Patrick. "Louise Casey promoted to role of victims' commissioner". The Guardian. 30 March 2010. Accessed 8 September 2011.
- "Victims' Commissioner". justice.gov.uk Accessed 6 September 2011.
- See also: Domestic Violence, Crime and Victims Act 2004 – Commissioner for Victims and Witnesses. legislation.gov.uk. Accessed 6 September 2011.
- Casciani, Dominic. "Crime victims treated like the 'poor relation'". BBC News. 20 July 2010. Accessed 8 September 2011.
- "Cut jury trials, says victims' champion Louise Casey". BBC News. 3 November 2010; accessed 8 September 2011.
- "Riots: Louise Casey – Blair's respect tsar – to aid PM", BBC News. 7 September 2011; accessed 8 September 2011.
- "Louise Casey quits as Victims Commissioner", 12 October 2011; accessed 12 October 2011.
- "Heading 20pt" (PDF). GOV.UK. Retrieved 22 January 2018.
- "Troubled Families programme on track at half way stage - Press releases". GOV.UK. 25 November 2013. Retrieved 22 January 2018.
- Patrick Wintour. "Eric Pickles hails progress in tackling 'troubled families'". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 September 2016.
- "£450m scheme for problem families to turn their lives around helps just 1,500 parents find work". Daily Mail. London, UK. Retrieved 22 January 2018.
- Decca Aitkenhead. "Troubled Families head Louise Casey: 'What's missing is love'". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 September 2016.
- National Evaluation of the Troubled Families Programme - Final Synthesis Report (published 17 October 2016); accessed 9 June 2017.
- Written evidence from the National Institute of Economic and Social Research to the Public Accounts Committee, data.parliament.uk; accessed 9 June 2017.
- Wintour, Patrick (10 September 2014). "Louise Casey to conduct inspection of children's services in Rotherham". Guardian.
- "Inspection into the governance of Rotherham council and subsequent intervention". GOV.UK. Retrieved 15 September 2016.
- "Government in Rotherham Council takeover after abuse inquiry". BBC News. Retrieved 15 September 2016.
- "Rotherham abuse scandal: Ed Miliband 'deeply sorry'". BBC News. 15 February 2015.
- "Louise Casey report into CSE represents a missed opportunity for children". 20 March 2015. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- Martin, Daniel (9 October 2016). "Officials are accused of gagging anti-extremism tsar who savages the Government over its failure to manage the impact of mass immigration". Daily Mail. UK. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
- Davidson, Lynn (10 October 2016). "Home Office officials attempt to censor report on ministers' failure to tackle extremism". Sun. UK. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
- McCann, Kate (14 September 2016). "Teach integration to prevent extremism, Government-backed review expected to say". Daily Telegraph. UK. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
- "Segregation at 'worrying levels' in parts of Britain, Dame Louise Casey warns". BBC News. 5 December 2016. Retrieved 19 December 2016.
- The Casey Review: a review into opportunity and integration, UK Government report, 5th December 2016.
- "'Set date for everyone to speak English'". BBC News. 2018-03-12. Retrieved 2018-03-12.
- "No. 61608". The London Gazette (Supplement). 11 June 2016. p. B8.
- "BBC Radio 4 - Woman's Hour - The Power List 2013". Bbc.co.uk. 1970-01-01. Retrieved 2016-09-15.