Lucile Carter circa 1900
Lucile Stewart Polk
October 8, 1875
|Died||October 26, 1934 (aged 59)|
|Resting place||St. Michael's Cemetery, Birdsboro, Pennsylvania|
1. William Ernest Carter (1875–1940)
(m. 1896; div. 1914)
2. George Brooke, Jr. (1867–1963) (m. 1914–1934)
Lucile Stewart Carter Brooke (née Polk; October 8, 1875 – October 26, 1934) was an American socialite and the wife of William Ernest Carter, an extremely wealthy American who inherited a fortune from his father. The couple and their two children survived the RMS Titanic disaster after the ship struck an iceberg and sank on April 15, 1912. She was said to be one of the heroines of the tragedy as she, with some of the other socially elite women, assisted in the rowing of one of the Titanic's lifeboats.
Lucile Stewart Polk was born in 1875 in Baltimore, Maryland. Her father was William Stewart Polk (1828–1917) and her mother was Louisa Ellen (née Anderson). Carter’s father was a partner in the very successful insurance brokerage firm Hopper Polk and Purnell of Baltimore and was fairly wealthy. Many of the newspaper reports noted that he was a descendant of President James K. Polk.
Before her marriage, Carter was mentioned often in the social pages of the Baltimore newspapers. The picture on the left is a sketch of her in the newspaper Baltimore American in 1892 when she was aged 17.
On January 29, 1896 she married William Ernest Carter. He was the son of William Thornton Carter (1827–1893) who had made a vast fortune in the coal industry and was said to be "one of the most extensive and successful coal operators in America". Carter's husband inherited much of this fortune and the couple lead a very privileged lifestyle. They had two children, Lucile Polk Carter born in 1897 and William Thornton Carter II born in 1900, who were also passengers on the Titanic and survived.
After their marriage, the couple was frequently mentioned in the social pages. Lucile was often noted for her striking clothes. The following is an extract from one of the newspapers.
Mrs William E Carter of Philadelphia, a beauty of pronounced type, has been startling Newport with flaming costumes. In an accordion plaited Eton suit of red and with a red hat, a red parasol, red slippers and silk stockings of the same shade her Dresden china colouring seems even lovelier than when she wears less striking costumes.
Carter was also very athletic and quite daring. One newspaper commented that "she was the first woman to play polo riding astride and the first woman to drive a four-in-hand (which is a carriage with four horses) through crowded Thames Street in Baltimore.
In about 1907, the Carter family went to live in Europe. They annually returned to the United States and lived in their mansion in Bryn Mawr during the summer with visits to Newport. It was on one of those return trips that they booked their passage on the RMS Titanic.
On board the Titanic
The Carters boarded the Titanic at Southampton. Accompanying the couple were their two children, Lucile Carter's maid Auguste Serepeca, William Carter's manservant Alexander Cairns, and the chauffeur Charles Aldworth. On the voyage, William Carter brought on board his now famous 25 horsepower Renault automobile. They occupied First Class Cabins B96/98.
The original story told in the press regarding the Carter family’s experience of their ordeal was that William Carter came to the cabin and escorted his family to lifeboat 4. He then left this area with the other men who had taken their wives to this boat. These men were John Astor, George Widener and John Thayer. William Carter escaped from the Titanic on collapsible lifeboat C (along with Bruce Ismay) but the other three men were lost on the liner.
Carter gave details of what happened when she and her two children boarded Lifeboat 4. Her statement was as follows.
When I went over the side with my children and got in the boat there were no seamen in it. Then came a few men, but there were oars with no one to use them. The boat had been filled with passengers, and there was nothing else for me to do but to take an oar. We could see now that the time of the ship had come. She was sinking, and we were warned by cries from the men above to pull away from the ship quickly. Mrs. Thayer, wife of the vice-president of the Pennsylvania Railroad, was in my boat, and she, too, took an oar. It was cold and we had no time to clothe ourselves with warm overcoats. The rowing warmed me. We started to pull away from the ship. We could see the dim outlines of the decks above, but we could not recognize anybody.
She was acclaimed by the press later to have been one of the heroic women who rowed the heavy lifeboats.
Following their rescue by the RMS Carpathia, the family returned to "Gwenda," their mansion in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania. Less than two years later, in January 1914, Carter filed for divorce. The divorce was granted on May 30, although no details were made public at the time. The following year it was sensationally revealed by the newspapers that the grounds for the divorce had been "cruel and barbarous treatment." Carter's sworn statement revealed that William Carter had not accompanied her and the children to Lifeboat 4 to ensure their safety:
We sailed for America on the Titanic. When the Titanic struck my husband came to our stateroom and said: 'Get up and dress yourself and the children'. I never saw him again until I arrived at the Carpathia at 8 o'clock the next morning, when I saw him leaning on the rail. All he said was that he had had a jolly good breakfast and that he never thought I would make it.
With her divorce finalized, Carter and her daughter departed for Europe in June 1914, intending to stay for a year. Edward Brooke, his wife and four children also spent that summer in Europe; brother George was to join them in August. When World War I broke out at the end of July, Carter and her daughter were caught in Paris. George Brooke arrived in London and tried to get to Paris, but wartime travel restrictions made it impossible. Instead, he arranged passage for Carter and her daughter to England. Rather than waiting until they returned to the United States, the couple married in London on August 16, 1914, with Brooke's brother and family and Carter's daughter in attendance. The whole group sailed almost immediately back to America on board the Olympic, the sister ship of the Titanic.
For the first two years of their marriage, the couple divided their time between a city house in Philadelphia; a country house in Birdsboro, Pennsylvania, "Brookewood," that Brooke had inherited from his late parents; and a rented summer cottage in Newport, Rhode Island. In Fall 1916, they rented a Radnor, Pennsylvania mansion, "Rock Rose." Carter's daughter Lucile made her Philadelphia society debut while they were living at "Rock Rose," but their stay was marred by a December 12 fire. The following December, the Brookes gathered in Birdsboro to celebrate Christmas. In the early hours of Christmas Day 1917, Brooke, Carter and the children were roused from their beds by a fire that destroyed "Brookewood." The couple bought a country house outside Birdsboro, "Clingan," that had belonged to a Brooke cousin; and "Isle Field" in Ithan, Pennsylvania, on Philadelphia's Main Line, which they renamed "Almondbury House."
Brooke and Carter had one child together, a daughter named Elizabeth Muhlenberg Brooke, born April 14, 1916. Later known as Elizabeth "Betty" Brooke Blake, she was living in Dallas, Texas as of April 2012, and died in Newport, Rhode Island, on August 8, 2016.
Carter died of a heart attack on October 26, 1934 at Almondbury House. George Brooke sold the mansion and moved to an apartment in Haverford, Pennsylvania. He died nineteen years later. They are buried together in St. Michael's Cemetery in Birdsboro.
Garden pavilion at "Rock Rose," Radnor, Pennsylvania, Zantzinger, Borie and Medary, architects.
"Almonbury House" (originally "Isle Field"), Ithan, Pennsylvania, Horace Trumbauer, architect.
- The Washington Times, September 08, 1917, p. 3
- The Times Dispatch (Richmond), April 19, 1912, Page 9
- Baltimore American, October 16, 1892, p. 9
- "29 Jan 1896, Page 7 - The Baltimore Sun at Newspapers.com". Newspapers.com. Retrieved 2017-04-16.
- Carter, C. M. R. 1909 “John Redington of Topsfield, Massachusetts, and some of his descendants, with notes on the Wales family”, p. 24
- Palestine Daily Herald, July 23, 1904, p. 6
- The Reading Eagle, June 18, 1914, p. 11
- Toledo Blade, April 25, 1912, p. 8
- Encyclopaedia Titanica
- Mowbray J. H. 1912 Sinking of the Titanic: Eyewitness Accounts, p. 126.
- Mowbray J. H. 1912 “Sinking of the Titanic: Eyewitness Accounts”, p. 55
- Scroll down to "Dwelling for Mr. W. E. Carter," from Bryn Mawr College.
- "Wife sues W. E. Carter," The New York Times, January 31, 1914.
- "Mrs. Carter has divorce," The New York Tribune, May 30, 1914.
- Keowee Courier., January 27, 1915, p. 5
- George M. Meiser XI, The Passing Scene, Volume 13 (Historical Society of Berks County, 2005), p. 225.
- "George Brooke, Jr.," Encyclopedia of Pennsylvania Biography, Volume 3 (1914), pp. 1002-03.
- "Mrs. Carter weds again," The New York Times, August 31, 1914.
- "George Brooke, of town, will sail on Saturday for Cherbourg to be gone six weeks or two months. He will take the steamship Oceanic." The Reading Eagle, July 31, 1914. Page 19.
- "Newlyweds at Birdsboro," The Reading Eagle, September 1, 1914.
- "Mrs. W. E. Carter and George Brooke wed," The New York Sun, September 1, 1914.
- "Birdsboro woman to entertain for daughter," The Reading Eagle, October 12, 1916.
- "Dinner-dance for Miss Lucile Carter," The Reading Eagle, November 8, 1916.
- "$1,000 fire at Radnor home of George Brooke," The Reading Eagle, December 13, 1916.
- The fire started in the house's furnace, where wood was being burned due to a coal shortage. Damage was estimated at $50,000. Meiser, p. 225.
- "Historical society hopes to stall plan to demolish mansion," Reading Eagle, June 13, 2005.
- American Elite and Sociologist: A Distinct Cyclopedia of Twenty Thousand of American's Best Families (1927), p. 94
- Rob Brinkley, "The woman who brought contemporary art (and Picasso) to Dallas," The Dallas Morning News, March 28, 2012.
- "Elizabeth Blake Obituary," The Dallas Morning News, August 14, 2016.
- "Obituary: Mrs. George Brooke". The New York Times. October 27, 1934.
- "Elizabeth Brooke and Thomas Phipps elopement announced," The Reading Eagle, June 1, 1936.