Madhya Pradesh High Court
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|Madhya Pradesh High Court|
मध्य प्रदेश उच्च न्यायालय
|Location||Principal Seat: Jabalpur, M.P.|
Circuit Benches: Indore & Gwalior
|Composition method||Presidential with confirmation of Chief Justice of India and Governor of respective state.|
|Authorized by||Constitution of India|
|Appeals to||Supreme Court of India|
|Judge term length||mandatory retirement by age of 62|
|Number of positions||53|
|Currently||Justice ravi shankar jha|
|Since||3 february 2019|
The Madhya Pradesh High Court is the High Court of the state of Madhya Pradesh which is located in Jabalpur . It was established as the Nagpur High Court on 2 January 1936 by Letters Patent dated 2 January 1936, issued under Section 108 the Government of India Act, 1935. This Letters Patent continued in force even after the adoption of the constitution of India on 26 January 1950 by virtue of Articles 225 & 372 thereof.
On 1 November 1956 the States Reorganisation Act, 1956 was enacted. The new state of Madhya Pradesh was constituted under S.9 thereof. Subsection (1) of Section 49 of the States Re-organisation Act ordained that from the appointed day i.e., 1 November 1956, the High Court exercising jurisdiction, in relation to the existing state of Madhya Pradesh, i.e. Nagpur High Court, shall be deemed to be the High Court for the present state of Madhya Pradesh. Thus Nagpur High Court was not abolished but by a legal fiction it became High Court for the new state of Madhya Pradesh with its seat at Jabalpur.
The court has a sanctioned judge strength of 53.
Principal seat & Benches
The present state of Madhya Pradesh, as is well known, was originally created as Central Province on 02/11/1861, as Judicial Commission's territory and was administered by the Judicial Commissioner. The Judicial Commissioner's court at Nagpur was, at that time, the highest Court of the territory. It was converted into a Governor's province in 1921, when it became entitled to a full-fledged High Court for administration of Justice.
Meanwhile, Berar, a part of Nizam's state of Hyderabad, was transferred in 1933 to the Central Province, for administration. This gave the state its new name Central Provinces and Berar. Thereafter, by virtue of Letters Patent dated 2 January 1936, issued under Section 108 of the Government of India Act, 1915, by King Emperor, George the Fifth, Nagpur High Court was established for Central Pronvices & Berar. This Letters Patent, whereunder the Nagpur High Court was constituted and invested with jurisdiction, continued in force even after the adoption of the constitution of India on 26 January 1950 by virtue of Articles 225 & 372 thereof.
On 1 November 1956, new state of Madhya Pradesh was constituted under States Reorganisation Act. Subsection (1) of Section 49 of the States Re-organisation Act ordained that from the appointed day i.e., 1 November 1956, the High Court exercising jurisdiction, in relation to the existing state of Madhya Pradesh, i.e. Nagpur High Court, shall be deemed to be the High Court for the present state of Madhya Pradesh. Thus Nagpur High Court was not abolished but by a legal fiction it became High Court for the new state of Madhya Pradesh with its seat at Jabalpur. Hon'ble the Chief Justice, vide order dated 1 November 1956 constituted temporary benches of the High Court of Madhya Pradesh at Indore and Gwalior. Later, by a Presidential Notification Dt. 28 November 1968, issued in the exercise of the powers conferred by the Subsection (2) of section 51 of the States Reorganization Act, 1956, permanent benches of the High Court of Madhya Pradesh at Indore and Gwalior were established. This state of affairs continued till 1 November 2000, when the state of Chhattisgarh was carved of the existing state of Madhya Pradesh by virtue of the provisions of the Madhya Pradesh Reorganization Act, 2000 and the High Court of Chhattisgarh was established for that state with its seat at Bilaspur. The High Court of Madhya Pradesh at Jabalpur then became High Court for the successor state of Madhya Pradesh.
The principal seat of the court is Jabalpur. The court is housed in an impressive building constructed by Raja Gokul Das in 1899. The building was designed by Henry Irwin in 1886. The construction work of this building was commenced in 1886 and completed in 1889. The building was constructed in brick-lime with ornamental towers and cornices. The architecture of the building is mixed baroque and oriental. The arches as well as the bastions at the corner are ornamental. There are 25 court rooms in this building.
Principal seat & Benches
On 1 November 1956, constituted two temporary benches of the High Court of Madhya Pradesh, one at Indore and the other at Gwalior. later by a Notification, issued in the exercise of the powers conferred by the Subsection (2) of section 51 of the States Reorganisation Act, 1956 came into existence as the permanent benches on 28 November 1968.
Former Chief Justices
Nagpur High Court
|1||Gilbert Stone||9 January 1936–|
|2||Frederick Louis Grille|
|3||Bhuvaneshwar Prasad Sinha||1951–1954|
|4||M. Hidayatullah||1954–31 October 1956|
Madhya Pradesh High Court
|1||M. Hidayatullah||1 November 1956||12 December 1958|
|2||Ganesh Prasad Bhutt||13 December 1958||22 September 1959|
|3||P. V. Dixit||22 September 1959||18 March 1969|
|4||Bishambhar Dayal||19 March 1969||13 March 1972|
|5||P. K. Tare||14 September 1972||10 October 1975|
|6||Shiv Dayal Shrivastava||11 October 1975||28 February 1978|
|7||A. P. Sen||28 February 1978||14 July 1978|
|8||G. P. Singh||27 July 1978||3 January 1984|
|9||Goverdhanlal Jamnalal Oza||1 December 1984||27 October 1985|
|10||J. S. Verma||14 June 1986||27 August 1986|
|11||Narayan Dutt Ojha||8 October 1986||18 January 1988|
|12||G. G. Sohani||21 October 1989||23 October 1989|
|13||Sushil Kumar Jha||27 October 1989||15 December 1993|
|14||Ullal Lakshminarayan Bhat||15 December 1993||10 October 1995|
|15||A. K. Mathur||3 February 1996||21 December 1999|
|16||Bhawani Singh||24 February 2000||19 August 2003|
|17||Kumar Rajarathnam||6 September 2003||12 March 2004|
|18||R. V. Raveendran||8 July 2004||8 September 2005|
|19||A. K. Patnaik||2 October 2005||16 November 2009|
|20||Syed Rafat Alam||20 December 2009||4 August 2011|
|21||Sharad Arvind Bobde||16 October 2012||11 April 2013|
|22||Ajay Manikrao Khanwilkar||24 November 2013||12 May 2016|
|23||Hemant Gupta||18 March 2017||1 November 2018|
|24||Sanjay Kumar Seth||10 November 2018||9 June 2019|
|25||Ajay Kumar Mittal||3 November 2019||Incumbent|