Mainit

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Mainit
Municipality of Mainit
Sunset over Lake Mainit
Sunset over Lake Mainit
Official seal of Mainit
Map of Surigao del Norte with Mainit highlighted
Map of Surigao del Norte with Mainit highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Mainit is located in Philippines
Mainit
Mainit
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 9°32′13″N 125°31′23″E / 9.5369°N 125.5231°E / 9.5369; 125.5231Coordinates: 9°32′13″N 125°31′23″E / 9.5369°N 125.5231°E / 9.5369; 125.5231
CountryPhilippines
RegionCaraga
ProvinceSurigao del Norte
District 2nd district
FoundedDecember 27, 1930
Barangays21 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorCrisanta O. Mondano
 • Vice MayorChristopher M. Avila
 • RepresentativeRobert Ace S. Barbers
 • Electorate20,525 voters (2019)
Area
 • Total107.76 km2 (41.61 sq mi)
Elevation
50 m (160 ft)
Highest elevation
425 m (1,394 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total28,019
 • Density260/km2 (670/sq mi)
 • Households
5,946
Economy
 • Income class4th municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence38.95% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱125,917,615.57 (2020)
 • Assets₱430,626,493.50 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱109,364,998.91 (2020)
 • Liabilities₱138,721,821.28 (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricitySurigao del Norte Electric Cooperative (SURNECO)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
8417
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)86
Native languagesSurigaonon
Agusan
Cebuano
Mamanwa
Tagalog
Websitewww.mainit.gov.ph

Mainit, officially the Municipality of Mainit (Surigaonon: Lungsod nan Mainit; Cebuano: Lungsod sa Mainit; Tagalog: Bayan ng Mainit), is a 4th class municipality in the province of Surigao del Norte, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 28,019 people. [3]

It is situated on the north shore of Lake Mainit in the north-eastern part of Mindanao. The word "mainit" literally means "hot". The other local term for "mainit" is "mapaso." Mainit is home to a hot spring, the Mapaso Wellness Resort frequented by locals and visitors from nearby towns and provinces. It is regarded that Mainit got its name from this hot sulfuric spring.[5]

History[edit]

The first inhabitants of Mainit settled near Lake Mainit in what is now barangay San Isidro (formerly called "Daang Lungsod" or "Old Town"). It was believed that the constant harassment of pirates forced the original settlers to move to the present town site.

Mainit was established as a Barrio in 1904 under the Municipality of Placer. In 1906, it was transferred under the jurisdiction and reclassified as a Municipality of the Province of Agusan del Norte (owing to its proximity to the border of Surigao del Norte and Agusan del Norte). However, after six months, Mainit was returned to the Province of Surigao del Norte and its status was reverted to being a barangay of Placer. Mainit was finally reclassified into a separate municipality in Jan. 1, 1931 by virtue of Executive Order 290 dated December 27, 1930,[6] signed by Governor-General Dwight F. Davis.

Two of Mainit's barangays were made into full-fledged municipalities: Tubod in 1958 and Alegria in 1968. Mainit currently has 21 Barangays.

Mainit got its name from the hot sulfuric spring which flows to the river the “Mapaso Hot Spring”. Mapaso literally is “hot”.[5]

Geography[edit]

Barangays[edit]

Mainit is politically subdivided into 21 Barangays. In 1956, the sitios of Magpayang and Siana were elevated into full-fledged Barangays.[7]

  • Binga
  • Bobona-on
  • Cantugas
  • Dayano
  • Mabini
  • Magpayang
  • Magsaysay (Poblacion)
  • Mansayao
  • Marayag
  • Matin-ao
  • Paco
  • Quezon (Poblacion)
  • Roxas
  • San Francisco
  • San Isidro
  • San Jose
  • Siana
  • Silop
  • Tagbuyawan
  • Tapi-an
  • Tolingon

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Mainit, Surigao del Norte
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
29
(84)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
28
(82)
28
(82)
29
(83)
Average low °C (°F) 23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
24
(75)
25
(77)
24
(75)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 210
(8.3)
161
(6.3)
123
(4.8)
85
(3.3)
148
(5.8)
186
(7.3)
164
(6.5)
157
(6.2)
141
(5.6)
190
(7.5)
223
(8.8)
200
(7.9)
1,988
(78.3)
Average rainy days 21.0 16.8 18.5 18.2 24.9 27.7 28.4 27.0 26.1 27.6 24.6 22.0 282.8
Source: Meteoblue [8]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Mainit
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 1,588—    
1939 13,951+6.22%
1948 17,681+2.67%
1960 18,542+0.40%
1970 14,759−2.25%
1975 17,064+2.95%
1980 18,078+1.16%
1990 21,505+1.75%
1995 21,780+0.24%
2000 23,417+1.57%
2007 23,952+0.31%
2010 25,596+2.45%
2015 26,741+0.84%
2020 28,019+0.92%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[9][10][11][12]

The Surigaonon language is the common local language, while Cebuano, Filipino, and English are also spoken.

Economy[edit]


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Municipality of Mainit | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b Census of Population (2020). "Caraga". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  5. ^ a b Municipality of Mainit (2009-12-21). "History, Vision and Mission". Retrieved 2010-09-15.
  6. ^ http://mainithistory.wordpress.com/2010/10/01/hello-world/ Executive Order 290 dated December 27, 1930
  7. ^ "An Act Converting into Barrios Certain Sitios in the Province of Surigao, and Dividing the Barrio of Macalaya into Two Barrios, Municipality of Placer, in the Same Province". LawPH.com. Archived from the original on 2012-07-11. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
  8. ^ "Mainit: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  9. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Caraga". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  10. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Caraga". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  11. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Caraga". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  12. ^ "Province of Surigao del Norte". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  13. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  14. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  15. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  16. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  17. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  18. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  19. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.

External links[edit]