Tubod, Surigao del Norte

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Barangay San Pablo
Barangay San Pablo
Official seal of Tubod
Map of Surigao del Norte with Tubod highlighted
Map of Surigao del Norte with Tubod highlighted
Tubod is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 09°34′N 125°34′E / 9.567°N 125.567°E / 9.567; 125.567Coordinates: 09°34′N 125°34′E / 9.567°N 125.567°E / 9.567; 125.567
Country Philippines
Region Caraga (Region XIII)
Province Surigao del Norte
Congr. district 2nd district of Surigao del Norte
Established September 18, 1957
Barangays 9
 • Mayor Cristina Hemady Romarate Arcillas
 • Vice Mayor Severa Liza Labadan Macula
 • Total 45.34 km2 (17.51 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 12,569
 • Density 280/km2 (720/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 8406
Dialing code 86
Patron saint Saint Peter & Saint Paul (The Patron Saint Statue donated by Tubod Founding Hero Agustin Mendez sculpted on 19th Century)
Income class 5th class

Tubod is a fifth class municipality in the province of Surigao del Norte, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 12,569 people.[3]


Songkoy Spring

Tubod lies in a valley at the centre of the peninsula that is the mainland portion of Surigao del Norte, with hills and mountains to the east and west of the town. A natural feature in the western hills is Songkoy Spring, where clear water emerges from the rainforest and collects in a natural pool that is a popular local swimming place.

Rural areas along the valley floor are dominated by agriculture, while the hills are home to coconut plantations, rainforest and gold mining. To the south of Tubod is Lake Mainit on the border between Surigao del Norte and Agusan del Norte.

The Maharlika Highway runs through the centre of Tubod and links the town with the major centres of Surigao City to the north and Butuan in Agusan del Norte to the south. The closest airport is in Surigao City which has flights to Cebu and Manila, but larger passenger services operated by Philippine Airlines and Cebu Pacific fly from Butuan Airport. Ferries at Surigao City connect the mainland with the adjacent islands of Surigao del Norte and the neighbouring province of Southern Leyte.


Tubod is politically subdivided into 9 barangays.[2]

  • Capayahan
  • Cawilan
  • Del Rosario
  • Marga
  • Motorpool
  • Poblacion (Tubod)
  • San Isidro
  • San Pablo
  • Timamana


Tubod in early time is woodland or otherwise known as virgin forest with lived native inhabitant the “Mamanwas”. Mamanwa has been nomadic in nature. They travels from the hinterland of Tubod and usually stayed near riverbank. Mamanwa derives from the Two (2) root words "Man" mean people, or “Banwa” mean jungle. The "Mamanwa" means people living in the jungle. The Mamanwa people are still occupying hinterland of Tubod particularly in Barangays Cawilan and Motorpool. It is very significant beginning building home for exquisite tuboranon. It is an indication that, the past olden times is essential in Tubod making. It is a place where we find better dwelling for respected Tuboranon. Mr. Agustin Mendez recognize as First Christian settler who discovered the woods. He is an immigrant from Ubay, Bohol Province on 19th Century develop and promote Tubod in Surigao del Norte map. The virgin place has no legitimate name. It is Mr. Agustin Mendez organize Cabeza de Barangay for sitio creation.

Cabeza means “Leader” while Cabezilla means “Kagawad” as call today. It is one way remembering our dead pillars in Cabeza de Barangay. The Original Tuboranon was composed namely; Agustin Mendez, Donato Pacatang, Florencio Gallenero, Gabriel Sumania, Isaias Calamba, Marciano A. Dapar, Galanida, Basil, Lumayag and Barro ruled Cabeza de Barangay. Mr. Mendez led Cabeza de Barangay bloc and young Galanida as their secretary. All the rest were Cabeza Council members.

Earlier, Mr. Mendez mission create Sitio name. He calls priest in Carrascal, Surigao del Sur but invitation fail due to bad weather. The means of transportation before is Kayak before reaching Carrascal. It connects sea travel from Carrascal to Placer in Mainland. From Placer to Barangay Timamana via horse riding try. Mr. Mendez never stops dreaming. He instructs Cabeza Secretary Galanida for Clergy requisition in Jabonga, Agusan del Norte. They cruise Tubod River to Sabang point of Lake Mainit. In earliest time, they glide bulky Lake of Mainit as passable getting the place.

The invitation of Jabonga prospers. A day has come for TUBOD. Early settler believes important of its First Christian mass celebration. The day conceives new Sitio’s name. It was Reverend Father Sanidad officiate First Mass and declares new sitio. He calls it, “Sitio Union Sanidad” on “Tres de Abril” Year of our Lord. The word “Tres de Abril” is Spanish term and in English its 3rd day of April. The original name of the sitio derives from Priest Surname, "Sanidad". Early inhabitant schedule monthly and weekly masses for their spiritual development. Believing one God but most of them are religious fanatic believer. Tuboranon were religious people with Roman Catholic dominate other religious affiliation and sect.

Sitio Union Sanidad describes Rough Road and Community Houses made up of Nipa as well as Round Timber material. Only few people settle. Sitio Union Sanidad is progressive Sitio of Barangay Timamana, Placer. It serves farmland where Mr. Agustin Mendez cultivates in a day. Moreover, at night, he goes home in Timamana where his residence established. From Timamana, he later transfers in Tubod.

The old Sitio Union Sanidad separates from Mother Barangay Timamana through an ordered by duly Constituted Authorities on 19th Century. “Sitio Union Sanidad” declares to be independent Barangay Tubod on 1908. It is public knowledge of Tubod that, Mr. Agustin Mendez the First Leader and Originator called, “Barrio Lieutenant” initiates Barangay Tubod making on 1908. He was First Christian dweller who named the woods “TUBOD”. The word “Tubod” comes from local dialect term, “Tuboran” which means Source of Water. Tubod is a Visayan word that has full of meaning. It has been indicated with, “Tuboran sa Kaluoy, Tuboran sa Pagkamanggihatagon ug Tuboran sa Gugma". The earlier Barangay Tubod has populace more or less 100 people mostly immigrants from Bohol, Cebu, Leyte, Camiguin and Surigao. It is Socio-Agricultural Sitio with source of income from Abaca, Coffee, Rice and Root Crops like; Ube, Camote and Calibre. Later on, Coco and Irrigated Rice farming planted twice a year.

Barangay Tubod surrounded by Mountainous Terrains, Hills and Famous grandeur Mt. Maniayao stands overlooking. A greenly pastureland and mountain ranges fixed. It is God’s blessing for tuboranon the presence of Natural Deposit and Mineral Resources like; Gold, Silver, Copper, Chromate and Iron.

Tuboranon religious undertaking, Mr. Mendez donating Two (2) Solid Wood Sculptured Patron Saints Peter and Paul sculpted on 19th Century. All the way, town feast falls every June 28-29 each year. Thus, Tubod Founding Hero Agustin Mendez legacy founded Tubod and took several donations for Municipal and Roman Catholic Church Settlement. Eventually, as per Municipal Resolution on 1989 asserts Mr. Agustin “Usting” Mendez Tuboranon Local or Municipal Hero of our time. Apparently, series of donation from portion of track land in order to entice people and capture to live.

The political bustle exists in Tubod. It led by Mr. Agustin Mendez establishing TUBOD and inherited by Famous Tuboranon Leaders. They were appointed and elected based on our Tubod Municipal Archives record. Tubod was previously part of the Municipality of Mainit, Surigao del Norte. It created by virtue of Executive Order No. 269 dated September 18, 1957.

Coconut trees in the hills west of Tubod


Population census of Tubod
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 11,194 —    
1995 10,318 −1.52%
2000 10,923 +1.23%
2007 11,664 +0.91%
2010 12,569 +2.76%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][4]

The Surigaonon language is the common local language, while Cebuano, Filipino, and English are also spoken.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 1 July 2013. Retrieved 29 August 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Surigao del Norte". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 29 August 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 29 August 2013. 
  4. ^ "Province of Surigao Del Norte". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 29 August 2013. 

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