Malcolm Hardee in 1995, outside his childhood home in Lewisham
5 January 1950|
Lewisham, London, England
|Died||31 January 2005
Rotherhithe, London, England
|Genres||Physical comedy, Surreal humour|
|Notable works and roles||autobiography I Stole Freddie Mercury's Birthday Cake, The Greatest Show on Legs.|
His high reputation among his peers rests on his outrageous publicity stunts and on the help and advice he gave to successful British alternative comedians early in their careers, acting as "godfather to a generation of comic talent in the 1980s". Fellow comic Rob Newman called him "a hilarious, anarchic, living legend; a millennial Falstaff", while Stewart Lee wrote that "Malcolm Hardee is a natural clown who in any decent country would be a national institution" and Arthur Smith described him as "a South London Rabelais" and claimed that "everything about Malcolm, apart from his stand-up act, was original".
Though an accomplished comic, Hardee was arguably more highly regarded as a "character", a compère and talent-spotting booker at his own clubs, particularly The Tunnel Club in Greenwich, South East London, which gave vital and early exposure to up-and-coming comedians during the early years of British alternative comedy. In its obituary, The Times opined that "throughout his life he maintained a fearlessness and an indifference to consequences" and one journalist claimed: "To say that he has no shame is to drastically exaggerate the amount of shame that he has". In a publicity quote printed in Hardee's autobiography I Stole Freddie Mercury's Birthday Cake, Arthur Smith wrote that Hardee had "led his life as though for the perfect autobiography and now he has paid himself the compliment of writing it."
Hardee was born in Lewisham, South East London, near the River Thames, and came from a long line of lightermen who earned their living on tugs pulling barges on the river. He was the eldest son of Frank and Joan Hardee, spent his first two years in an orphanage while his mother was in hospital with tuberculosis and was educated at three South East London schools – St Stephen's Church of England primary, Colfe's School, and Sedgehill comprehensive.
Expelled from all three, he drifted into petty crime – stealing Coca-Cola from a local bottling plant, burgling a pawnbrokers and setting fire to a Sunday school piano because he wanted to see "holy smoke". He served prison sentences for cheque fraud, burglary and escaping custody; in 1967, he escaped from Gaynes Hall Borstal dressed as a monk. He also had convictions for arson and once infamously stole a Rolls Royce which he believed belonged to British cabinet minister Peter Walker. (Walker later wrote to Hardee after reading about this widely reported story and denied it had been his car.)
Hardee decided to turn to showbusiness as a way of staying out of trouble, saying: "There are only two things you can do when you come out of prison and you want immediate employment. You can either be a minicab driver or you can go into showbusiness" and "Prison is like mime or juggling – a tragic waste of time".
Acts and stunts
After coming out of prison in 1977 or 1978 (sources vary), Hardee joined Martin Soan's The Greatest Show on Legs – at the time, a one-man adult Punch and Judy act. Revamped as a surreal sketch group, The Greatest Show on Legs became a regular at the Tramshed venue in Woolwich, alongside the likes of Rik Mayall and Ade Edmondson. Soon afterwards, in 1979, The Comedy Store opened in Soho and The Greatest Show on Legs became regulars there, too. Their breakthrough came in 1982, when they performed their naked balloon dance on Chris Tarrant's anarchic late-night TV show O.T.T..
In 1987, as one of his many publicity stunts, Hardee stood for Parliament in the famous Greenwich by-election, 1987, as the "Rainbow Dream Ticket, Beer, Fags & Skittles Party" candidate, polling 174 votes. He then stood again in the 1992 election in order to publicise his comedy club because the election rules allowed him a free mail shot to all registered voters in the constituency.
Hardee regularly appeared in his own shows at the Edinburgh Fringe and arguably his most infamous confirmed stunt there was in 1983 when, performing at The Circuit venue – a series of three adjoining tents in a construction site with a different show in each tent – he became annoyed by what he regarded as excessive noise emanating nightly from Eric Bogosian's neighbouring performance tent. Hardee obtained a nearby tractor and, entirely naked, drove it across Bogosian's stage during his performance. Rivalling this stunt in Fringe infamy, in 1989, Hardee and Arthur Smith wrote a rave 5-star review of Hardee's own Fringe show and successfully managed to get it printed in The Scotsman under the byline of the influential newspaper's comedy critic. At the Fringe in 1996, The Independent reported that he attempted to sabotage American ventriloquist David Strassman's Edinburgh show by abducting the act's hi-tech dummy, holding it to ransom and sending it back to Strassman piece by piece in return for hard cash. The plan failed.
Perhaps the most-quoted anecdote concerning Hardee was that, on 9 October 1986 his house was searched by the police – who were looking for crumbs – two days after he and others stole Freddie Mercury's £4,000 40th birthday cake. No crumbs were found at the house as he had already by then donated the cake to a local nursing home. He used this incident as the title of his 1996 autobiography I Stole Freddie Mercury's Birthday Cake which he wrote with John Fleming. In another encounter with the police, Hardee was once questioned by Special Branch officers after being found on the balcony outside government minister Michael Heseltine's hotel room, wearing nothing but a pair of socks and a leather coat containing £5,200 in cash and a pack of pornographic playing cards. He had mistaken the room for that of a friend.
Collaborator John Fleming said of him that "At home, he occasionally put a live goldfish in his mouth to get attention – I saw him do it twice. It was often said of Malcolm, with a lot of justification, that he never had a stage act – his life was his act."
In his autobiography, Hardee claimed he was the first to attempt the 'banger-up-the-bum' routine, later perfected and performed by Greatest Show on Legs co-star Chris Lynam, in which a firework (occasionally a three-stage Roman Candle) was clenched between the buttocks and lit to a recording of Ethel Merman singing "There's No Business Like Show Business".
The claim for which Hardee was arguably best known throughout his performing life was that he was said to have "the biggest bollocks in show business" and he became renowned for a rarely performed but vividly unforgettable act in which he would use his own spectacles atop his genitals to create a unique visual impression of French President Charles de Gaulle with his testicles representing the politician's cheeks; this act pre-dated the Australian show Puppetry of the Penis by several years.
Hardee was also renowned as a talent spotter and owner of clubs which gave vital early exposure to up-and-coming comedians including Charlie Chuck, Alan Davies, Harry Enfield, Harry Hill, Paul Merton, Vic Reeves, Frank Skinner, Johnny Vegas and Jo Brand, with whom he had a two-year affair and whom he persuaded to become a comedian. He hosted the first-ever outing of the new circus group Ra-Ra Zoo, who performed comedy mime to a, for once, silenced audience. He also worked for a time as the manager of Jerry Sadowitz and was an occasional promoter and tour manager for his friend and neighbour Jools Holland.
His most infamous venue was The Tunnel Club, which he opened in 1984 next to the southern exit from the Blackwall Tunnel in Greenwich, South East London. He would sometimes introduce inexperienced stand-ups to audiences with the nerve-jangling line: "This next act's probably a bit shit" but, once their performance was finished, he would often comfort those he thought showed promise with backstage words of encouragement and urge them to try again. His advice to comics who were concerned that a joke might be offensive to an audience was: "If you think it’s funny, then fuck ’em."
At his weekly Sunday Night at the Tunnel Palladium shows, sometimes even experienced and accomplished comedians failed to complete a whole set against the unforgiving crowd and razor-sharp heckling. It was at the Tunnel Club that comedian Jim Tavare once began his act with the unwise opener, "Hello, I'm a schizophrenic" – to be met with the lightning rejoinder from a heckler in that night's audience, "Well, you can both fuck off then!"
The Tunnel closed in 1988 and, in 1991, Hardee opened the Up The Creek comedy club in Creek Road, Greenwich. In an upstairs bar at the club was a mural commissioned by Hardee as a parody of Leonardo da Vinci's The Last Supper. It showed Hardee as Christ with Jo Brand, Julian Clary and other famous British comedians as the Disciples including Ben Elton as Judas Iscariot.
In 2001, after he sold his percentage in Up The Creek, Hardee took over a floating pub, The Wibbley Wobbley, on a converted Rhine pleasure cruiser in Greenland Dock, Rotherhithe, by the River Thames.
Death and legacy
On 2 February 2005, Hardee's body was recovered from Greenland Dock, after he was reported missing from The Wibbley Wobbley on 31 January; he had been last seen late-night on 30 January. A post-mortem soon confirmed he had drowned. In an inquest at Southwark Coroner's Court on 20 July, Coroner John Sampson recorded a verdict of accidental death. It had been assumed in several reports of his death that, while trying to make his way home by dinghy from The Wibbley Wobbley to his houseboat The Sea Sovereign just fifteen yards away across Greenland Dock, Hardee had lost his balance and drowned while drunk. But the Coroner found that, whilst attempting to access The Sea Sovereign from the quayside, Hardee had fallen into the dock while drunk.
Police constable Martin Spirito told the court that, on 2 February: "The search commenced at 10.00am. At 10.24am one of the officers came up and said he had found a lifeless body. I followed the officer's line down. Six metres down I saw a white male. The male had a bottle of beer clenched in his right hand." Police sergeant Roy Dawson, in charge of overseeing the dive, told the court: "The bottle was held in his right hand. It fell from his hand on the ascent."
Hardee's date of death is usually said to be 31 January, although Coroner John Sampson said, "He was last seen on the quayside outside the Wibbly Wobbly public house at about 6am on Sunday January 30".
About 700 people attended his funeral at St Alfege's Church in Greenwich – and it was one of the few funerals ever to get rave reviews the following day in both The Daily Telegraph and The Sun newspapers. Jo Brand, Arthur Smith, Stewart Lee and his son Frank Hardee all delivered eulogies, and the musician Jools Holland played the piano. He was cremated at Hither Green in South East London.
In June 2005, there were two tribute shows at the Glastonbury Festival; in July, a BBC Radio 4 documentary tribute; and, in August, two tribute shows at the Edinburgh Fringe. There were five-hour tribute shows at the Hackney Empire theatre in London on 5 February 2006 and 28 January 2007 to commemorate the anniversary of his death.
The Annual Malcolm Hardee Awards
The Malcolm Hardee Award for Comic Originality is given annually at the Edinburgh Fringe Festival "for comic originality of thought or performance". It is said that it will be presented until 2017. Winners so far have been:
2005 – Reggie Watts
2006 – no award presented
2007 – Doktor Cocacolamcdonalds
2008 – Edward Aczel (nominees: Edward Aczel, Aindreas de Staic, The Fringe Box Office, Peter Buckley Hill, Otto Kuhnle)
2009 – Otto Kuhnle (nominees: Three Gaga Heads, Tim Key, Otto Kuhnle, Joey Page, George Ryegold)
2010 – Robert White (nominees: Dr Brown, Bo Burnham, Lewis Schaffer, Bob Slayer, Robert White)
2011 – Johnny Sorrow (nominees: Dr Brown, James Hamilton, Bob Slayer, Johnny Sorrow)
2012 – The Rubberbandits (nominees James Hamilton, The Rubberbandits, Simon Munnery)
2013 – Adrienne Truscott (nominees Ursula Burns, Red Bastard, Adrienne Truscott)
2014 - Candy Gigi (nominees The Birdmann, Michael Brunström, Candy Gigi)
2015 - Michael Brunström (nominees Michael Brunström, Richard Gadd, The Story Beast, Mr Twonkey)
The Malcolm Hardee Cunning Stunt Award is given for the best Fringe publicity stunt of the year. Winners so far have been:
2008 – Gill Smith, awarded retrospectively in 2009, for nominating herself for a Malcolm Hardee award and putting "Malcolm Hardee Award Nominee" on her posters
2009 – Lewis Schaffer, after convincing several publications he was sponsoring the Edinburgh Comedy Awards (or "Lewies") for the modest sum of £99 (nominees: Lewis Schaffer, Shed Simove, Oliver Moore, Jennifer Warren and Charlotte Jo Hanbury)
2010 – Stewart Lee, for successfully encouraging people to vote for little-known Japanese act Frank Chickens in a poll for best fringe performer (nominees: Stewart Lee, Manos The Greek, Arthur Smith)
2011 – Kunt and the Gang and Bob Slayer, for getting fans to put stickers depicting penises on the posters of rival acts (nominees: Tim FitzHigham, Kunt and the Gang, Sanderson Jones)
2012 – Stuart Goldsmith, for YouTube videos about the censorship of his show Prick (nominees Nathan Cassidy, Chris Dangerfield, Stuart Goldsmith)
2013 – Barry Ferns (nominees Barry Ferns, Richard Herring, Lewis Schaffer, Gareth Morinan)
2014 – Christian Talbot and daughter Kate (nominees Luke McQueen, Mark Dean Quinn, Christian Talbot)
2015 - Matt Roper (nominees Miss Behave, Matt Roper, Abigoliah Schamaun)
The Malcolm Hardee 'Act Most Likely to Make a Million Quid' Award was started in 2010
2010 – Bo Burnham (nominees: Bo Burnham, Greg Davies)
2011 – Benet Brandreth (nominees: Benet Brandreth, Josh Widdicombe)
2012 – Trevor Noah (nominees Tim FitzHigham, Trevor Noah, The Rubberbandits)
2013 – No award presented
2014 – Luisa Omielan (nominees Luisa Omielan, Peter Buckley Hill (would have won 'The Malcolm Hardee 'Act Least Likely to Win a Million Quid' Award’))
2015 - Laurence Owen (nominees Sarah Callaghan, Phil Ellis, Laurence Owen, Al Porter)
The Malcolm Hardee ‘Pound of Flesh' Award was given in 2013 to an act which created "the kind of publicity money cannot – and perhaps should not – buy"
2013 – Gareth Ellis (and Richard Rose)
- I Stole Freddie Mercury's Birthday Cake (autobiography; co-writer John Fleming) Fourth Estate, 1996. ISBN 1-85702-385-4.
- Sit-Down Comedy (anthology, ed Malcolm Hardee & John Fleming) Ebury Press/Random House, 2003. ISBN 0-09-188924-3.
- Cook, William (4 February 2005). "Obituary: Malcolm Hardee". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 12 May 2010.
- Games, Alex (8 February 2005). "Guardian, 8 February 2005". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 12 May 2010.
- Haldenby, Andrew (5 February 2005). "Alternative comedy pioneer drowns on way home from his floating pub". The Daily Telegraph (London). Archived from the original on 13 March 2007. Retrieved 2 July 2012.
- Hardee, Malcolm: "I Stole Freddie Mercury's Birthday Cake" (pub Ebury Press, 1996), pre-title page
- "Letter to a Young Comedian". The Stage. 1 March 2005. Retrieved 2 July 2012.
- "Malcolm Hardee". The Independent (London). 5 February 2005. Retrieved 12 May 2010.
- Byers, David (7 February 2005). The Times (London) http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/obituaries/article511345.ece. Retrieved 12 May 2010. Missing or empty
- "news page on UK comedy industry website Chortle, 2 February 2005".
- "Comedian's body found in Thames". BBC News. 2 February 2005. Retrieved 6 January 2010.
- Steven, Alasdair (8 February 2005). "Malcolm Hardee, Stand-up comedian". The Scotsman (Edinburgh).
- Hardee, Malcolm: "I Stole Freddie Mercury's Birthday Cake" (pub Ebury Press, 1996), page 65
- Mark Borkowski (30 July 2001). "Weird is not enough". The-Guardian (London).
- The Oldie – issue 192 – March 2005
- Borkowski, Mark (10 August 2004). "PR stunts: an expert's guide". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 12 May 2010.
- Wareham, Mark: "Legends of the Comedy Terrorist", Independent, 21 August 1996
- ed Driver, Jim: "Funny Talk" (pub The Do-Not Press, 1995), pages 123–127
- "The weird daily life of comedian Malcolm Hardee – and after | SO IT GOES – John Fleming's blog". Thejohnfleming.wordpress.com. 18 January 2011. Retrieved 2012-01-23.
- Hardee, Malcolm: "I Stole Freddie Mercury's Birthday Cake" (pub Ebury Press, 1996), page 160
- "'Simon Munnery on Malcolm Hardee'". Time Out. 12 January 2007.
- "London Evening Standard, 3 February 2005".
- "report on UK comedy industry website Chortle, 20 July 2005".
- "Photo of Hardee's 'Last Supper' in The Times Online, 8 January 2008".
- Haldenby, Andrew. "Daily Telegraph obituary, 4 February 2005". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 12 May 2010.
- "LifeStyleExtra, 20 July 2005".
- Order of Service at the Funeral of Malcolm Hardee, retrieved 15 February 2011
- "BBC Radio 4 recording of one Glastonbury tribute: With Comic Intent, transmitted 28 June 2005".
- "Without a Paddle, transmitted 5 July 2005".
- "review on UK comedy industry website Chortle, February 2006".
- Maxwell, Dominic (7 February 2006). "TITLE". The Times (London). Archived from the original on 17 May 2011. Retrieved 12 May 2010.
- "review on UK comedy industry website Chortle, 28 January 2007".
- Maxwell, Dominic (30 January 2007). "TITLE". The Times (London). Archived from the original on 17 May 2011. Retrieved 12 May 2010.
- "official Malcolm Hardee Award page, retrieved 26 August 2008".
- "And now for something completely different". Irish Independent. 28 September 2007. Retrieved 15 June 2008.
- Young, Kevin (23 August 2008). "Stand-up Aczel wins comedy award". BBC News. Retrieved 6 January 2010.
- "In Malc's memory: New Fringe award set up". Chortle.co.uk. 2 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-02.
- Wolf, Ian (2 June 2008). "News – New Fringe award dedicated to Malcolm Hardee". British Sitcom Guide. Retrieved 2008-06-02.
- Brown, Angie (29 August 2009). "Schaffer scoops best stunt award". BBC News. Retrieved 29 August 2009.
- "Bo Burnham Wins Malcolm Hardee Award and Set to Make Millions". STV News. 28 August 2010. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
- "Cunning Stunt nominees". BBC News. 25 August 2012. Retrieved 8 September 2012.
- "Best Publicity Stunt at the Edinburgh Fringe". Scoop (New Zealand). 15 June 2009. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- "Stewart Lee wins Malcolm Hardee Fringe stunt prize". BBC News. 27 August 2010. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
- "Cunning Stunt nominees". BBC News. 23 August 2011. Retrieved 3 September 2011.
- "Stuart Goldsmith wins Cunning Stunt award". BBC News. 25 August 2012.
- His website: obituaries, tributes and newspaper articles
- Sit Down Comedy website
- on YouTube
- Malcolm Hardee at the Internet Movie Database
Obituaries and reports of his death
2 February 2005
3 February 2005
4 February 2005
5 February 2005
7 February 2005
8 February 2005
3 March 2005