Manuel Cardona

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Manuel Cardona Castro
Born(1934-09-07)7 September 1934
Died2 July 2014(2014-07-02) (aged 79)
Alma materHarvard University
Known forFundamentals of semiconductors
AwardsFranz Isakson Prize (1984)
Nevill Mott Medal and Prize (2001)
Scientific career
FieldsSolid state physics
InstitutionsBrown University
Buenos Aires University
Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research

Manuel Cardona Castro (7 September 1934 – 2 July 2014) was a condensed matter physicist. According to the ISI Citations web database, Cardona was one of the eight most cited physicists since 1970.[1] He specialized in solid state physics.[2] Cardona's main interests were in the fields of: Raman scattering (and other optical spectroscopies) as applied to semiconductor microstructures,[3] materials with tailor-made isotopic compositions, and high Tc superconductors, particularly investigations of electronic and vibronic excitations in the normal and superconducting state.[4]

Academic career[edit]

Cardona was born in Barcelona, Spain in 1934.[1] After obtaining a Masters in physics in 1955 from University of Barcelona Cardona was awarded a fellowship to work as a graduate student at Harvard University starting in 1956.[4] At Harvard he began investigations of the dielectric properties of semiconductors, in particular germanium and silicon. With this work as a thesis he received a PhD in Applied Physics at Harvard. From 1959 till 1961 he continued similar work on III-V semiconductors at the RCA Laboratories in Zurich, Switzerland.[4] In 1961 he moved to the RCA Labs in Princeton, NJ, where he continued work on the optical properties of semiconductors and started investigations of the microwave properties of superconductors. In 1964 he became a member of the Physics Faculty of Brown University (Providence, RI).[4] In June–September 1965 he taught at the University of Buenos Aires under the auspices of the Ford Foundation. In 1971 he moved to Stuttgart, Germany as a founding director of the then-recently created Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research.[5] Concomitantly he became scientific Member of the Max Planck Society, where he became emeritus in 2000.[5]

From 1992 to 2004, Cardona served as chief editor of Solid State Communications.[6]

Distinctions and honors[edit]

Besides receiving over at least 61 awards during his career,[1] Cardona held eleven honorary doctorates. Some notable honors include:[1]


Cardona has authored over 1,300 scientific publications in international journals, ten monographs on solid state physics and co-authored a textbook on semiconductors.[1] Since 1972, Cardona has served on the Board of Editors of at least seven journals,[1] including being the Editor-in-Chief of Solid State Communications from 1992 to 2005.[1]

Some of his works include:

  • Manuel Cardona: Modulation Spectroscopy, Academic Press 1969. Lib of Congress 55-12299
  • Manuel Cardona, Gernot Günterodt and Roberto Merlin: Light Scattering in Solids I-IX (nine volumes) Springer Verlag; ISBN 3-540-11513-7
  • Pere Bonnin: Manuel Cardona i Castro, Fundació Catalana per a la Recerca, Barcelona 1998 ISBN 84-89570-18-3
  • Peter Y. Yu and Manuel Cardona, Fundamentals of semiconductors, 4 editions 1996-2000,ISBN 978-3-642-00709-5

Personal life[edit]

He died in Stuttgart in 2014,[9] where he lived since 1971 with his wife Inge Cardona (née Hecht). He held American, German and Spanish citizenship and had 3 children[1] and 7 grandchildren.


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Manuel Cardona - Curriculum vitae". Academia Europaea. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  2. ^ "Prince of Asturias Award for Technical & Scientific Research 1988". Prince of Asturias Foundation. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
  3. ^ "Highly Cited Researcher Cardona, Manuel". Thomson ISI. Retrieved 22 September 2011.[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ a b c d e "1997 John Wheatley Award Recipient". American Physical Society. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  5. ^ a b "Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research: Departments". Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research. Archived from the original on 3 September 2011. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  6. ^ Burstein, Elias; Pinczuk, Aron; van Wetering, Karien (October 2014). "Manuel Cardona (1934–2014)". Solid State Communications. 195: v. Bibcode:2014SSCom.195D...5B. doi:10.1016/S0038-1098(14)00341-X.
  7. ^ "1984 Frank Isakson Prize for Optical Effects in Solids Recipient". American Physical Society. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  8. ^ "Nevill Mott medal recipients". Institute of Physics. Retrieved 26 December 2019.
  9. ^ "Obituary at the Max-Planck society website". Max Planck Society. Retrieved 5 July 2014.

External links[edit]