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Marinette Dupain-Cheng

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Marinette Dupain-Cheng
Miraculous: Tales of Ladybug & Cat Noir character
The female protagonist of the series Miraculous: Tales of Ladybug & Cat Noir
Marinette Dupain-Cheng in her civilian form
First appearanceStormy Weather (2015)
Created byThomas Astruc
Voiced byEnglish
Cristina Vee
French
Anouck Hautbois
Comparable toSpider-Man
Information
AliasLadybug
SpeciesHuman
(as Marinette)
Ladybug-based superhuman
(as Ladybug)
GenderFemale
OccupationStudent
Superhero
RelativesTom Dupain (father)
Sabine Cheng (mother)
Rolland Dupain
(paternal grandfather)
Gina Dupain
(paternal grandmother)
Wang Cheng
(maternal great-uncle)
NationalityFrench-Chinese
HometownParis
AbilityCreation
WeaponYo-yo

Marinette Dupain-Cheng is a fictional character and the female protagonist of the animated television series Miraculous: Tales of Ladybug & Cat Noir created by Thomas Astruc. She is depicted as a French-Chinese teenage student who aspires to become a fashion designer and whose parents own a bakery. After she passes the test of Master Fu, the keeper of the magic objects named Miraculouses, by helping him, Marinette is picked as a future superhero alongside Cat Noir. As a result, she is given a pair of earrings known as the Ladybug Miraculous, which when worn grant Marinette the ability to transform into Ladybug, her superhero alias. Unknown to Marinette, Cat Noir's civilian identity is Adrien Agreste, whom she has a crush on. As the holder of a Miraculous, Marinette is assisted by a small red creature resembling a ladybug called Tikki, who is a magical being known as a kwami. As Ladybug, Marinette's signature ability is creation. Marinette appears in most Miraculous media, including the main series, the official mobile game, and the comic books.

Marinette's character was inspired by a young woman wearing a ladybug-themed T-shirt whom Astruc once worked with. After creating a drawing that portrayed the woman as a ladybug-themed superhero, Astruc felt that this would be a good character, especially since he was not aware of the existence of another ladybug-related superhero. The woman's haircut served as inspiration for Marinette's hairstyle as well. Marinette is voiced by Cristina Vee in the English dub, while Anouck Hautbois voices her in the French version of the series.

Marinette has received a generally positive critical response, with writers characterizing her as a role model for viewers and as a great protagonist; both her civilian self and her superhero identity have been praised. Meet-and-greet sessions containing Ladybug have taken place. Several pieces of merchandise based on her, such as accessories, clothing items, and action figures, have been created.

Development[edit]

Concept and creation[edit]

Marinette Dupain-Cheng under her superhero identity
Marinette Dupain-Cheng as her superhero alter ego, Ladybug. Her creation was based on a young woman wearing a ladybug-themed T-shirt,[1] who was on the production team of another series that also included Thomas Astruc; inspired by the shirt, Astruc drew the woman as a ladybug-themed superhero.[2]

The superhero identity of Marinette Dupain-Cheng, Ladybug, was inspired by a young woman wearing a T-shirt with a ladybug depicted on it;[1][3] she belonged to the production team of another show that also included Thomas Astruc, the creator of the animated television series Miraculous: Tales of Ladybug & Cat Noir.[2][4] Astruc stated he had befriended her,[1] and following this they had started creating and "exchanging ladybug-themed sticky notes";[3] a note drawn by Astruc portrayed the woman as a ladybug-themed superhero.[2][4] Astruc did not know of the existence of a ladybug-related superhero and felt this character would be good.[2] As a result, Ladybug's character was conceptualized.[1][2] Marinette's hairstyle was also conceived using the woman's haircut as a model. Astruc said that Ladybug's power was connected to luck since ladybugs are associated with good luck.[4] He commented that Ladybug's character is comparable to Spider-Man.[4][5]

Astruc described Ladybug as an "awesome",[3] very positive, and bright character.[1] He also characterized her as a character that brings happiness,[4] as well as his favorite character from the series.[6] Astruc stated that he hoped Ladybug would become the mascot of Paris, being found on flyers at museums' entrances to inspire children to visit them.[2] In regard to Marinette and Adrien Agreste, he commented that he had wished to depict "sunny", inspiring characters.[3] He said that handling the dynamics between Marinette and Adrien's two identities was entertaining.[3] Astruc stated that couples of superheroes like the one consisting of Ladybug and Cat Noir are uncommon in shows, and he felt that the viewers enjoy the love situation formed between the two of them.[2] A source of inspiration for the duo of the ladybug and the black cat was one of Astruc's previous romantic relationships.[7]

Ladybug's costume was difficult to animate when it came to the original 2D version since it was red with black dots; the dots had to be in certain spots and had to remain unmoved. In the 3D version, this problem disappeared due to there being a model moving.[4] In the 2D version, Marinette was supposed to be older than she currently is in the 3D version.[3] The chibi design of Ladybug from the series Miraculous Chibi was conceived by character designer Angie Nasca.[8] The bakery of Marinette's family was inspired by a real-life Parisian bakery.[2]

Jeremy Zag, the president of the animation studio Zagtoon, characterized Marinette as "a fresh and modern girl character who is in line with kids' and teens' lives today".[9] The first two images depicting Ladybug released by Zag, one showing her portrait and one featuring her on a roof in Paris, received enough attention to go around the world.[4] Zag said the love situation that Marinette created alongside Adrien, their superhero identities, and their secrets represent some of the main parts of the story.[10] Jared Wolfson, the executive producer of Miraculous, stated that the audience of girls had been waiting for "someone like a Spider-Man to come along", and that now due to Ladybug's character, they can transform into her, becoming "stronger" and making "an effect in the world".[11] With regard to Ladybug's character, Aton Soumache, the chief executive officer of the company Method Animation,[12][13] said the producers had wished to "create a [glamorous] superhero character with a real European flair with Paris as backdrop".[14]

Nicole D'Andria, a contributor to the creation of a Miraculous comic book, said Ladybug is an admirable character.[15] ZAG America's president of global consumer products, André Lake Mayer, stated that children are fond of Ladybug's character,[16] and that the fans would enjoy playing as Ladybug in the official Miraculous mobile game.[17][18] She felt Ladybug "is instantaneously empowering to all women, all ages", saying that she "is mesmerizing both as Marinette and as Ladybug".[3] Mayer stated that "even without knowing the story", "she is instinctively familiar, authentic and strong", adding that "Ladybug is an icon for wholesome girl empowerment".[3]

Voice[edit]

An image with Marinette's English voice actress, Cristina Vee
Cristina Vee voices Marinette in the English version of the series.[19]

Cristina Vee voices Marinette in the English dub.[19] Vee stated that she loves Marinette, describing her as one of her favorite characters that she voiced. She said Marinette reminds her of the character Sailor Moon, mentioning that "working on the show" had given her "the same feelings" as the ones she had experienced while "watching Sailor Moon growing up as a kid".[20] She stated that she had auditioned for Marinette's role considerably, most likely more than she had previously done for all other characters. Vee said she had first received the script for the audition around a year before being cast, adding that she had not received a reply after reading it. Following this, she had obtained the script once again, and after reading it, she received two callbacks. She stated that ever since she had seen Marinette's character design and the script, she had known that "whoever was cast as this character, Ladybug, would be the luckiest girl", precisely "the luckiest voice actress".[20] Vee said she had fallen in love with Ladybug immediately. She commented that she had not been aware of this show's existence before auditioning for Marinette's role, which surprised her since she kept herself up to date with anime-related news. After auditioning and before receiving the callback, she found out about the anime promotional video of the series. After seeing the video, she started wanting the role all the more. Vee characterized this show as "amazing", stating that she had never seen an animation like this before and that "every episode is just so beautiful".[20]

Jared Wolfson stated that Vee is energetic. He said she has a "beautiful personality", describing her as "so sweet", "so kind", and "great".[11] He stated that in the recording studio, Vee "goes from sweet Marinette to Ladybug", adding that "she is Ladybug in that room" and that this is "so fun to watch".[11]

Anouck Hautbois voices Marinette in the French version of the series.[21] Thomas Astruc characterized Hautbois and the rest of the French cast as fantastic.[4]

Appearances[edit]

In the main series[edit]

Marinette is the female protagonist of the Miraculous series.[22] She is portrayed as a French-Chinese teenage student that lives in Paris and wishes to become a fashion designer.[5][23] Marinette is the daughter of Tom Dupain and Sabine Cheng,[24] granddaughter of Rolland and Gina Dupain,[25][26] and grandniece of Wang Cheng.[27][28] Her parents own a bakery.[5][29] One day, when rushing toward school, Marinette notices an elderly man in danger and immediately saves him. While Marinette is not aware of this at the time, the man is Master Fu, the keeper of the magic objects called Miraculouses,[30][31] who has prepared a test in order to find someone deserving of becoming a superhero.[23] Since Marinette has saved him, Master Fu decides to offer her the Ladybug Miraculous,[32] which is a pair of earrings.[13][33] After Marinette sees the box that contains the earrings and opens it, a creature resembling a ladybug who presents herself as Tikki appears; she is a magical being known as a kwami,[34][35] who grants Marinette the power to transform into a superhero when wearing the earrings.[12][36]

When she sees Tikki for the first time, Marinette is afraid of her. She is also not thrilled by the idea of becoming a superhero,[37] and the first time she transforms is by mistake. Nevertheless, she learns how to act as a superhero shortly after that and introduces her superhero alias, Ladybug.[38][39] Marinette's superhero outfit derives from Tikki's appearance, resembling a ladybug.[40] Marinette is in love with Adrien,[41][42] a boy from her class whom she gets nervous around.[5] Unknown to Marinette, Adrien is actually her superhero partner, Cat Noir,[43] who fancies Ladybug.[44] Since Marinette is not aware of Cat Noir's civilian identity,[45] she constantly rejects his advances toward her.[22] Ladybug and Cat Noir's objective is to protect Paris from Hawk Moth, a man who has the ability to turn people into supervillains;[30][46] he wishes to acquire Ladybug and Cat Noir's Miraculouses,[47][48] and, unknown to them, is actually Adrien's father.[24][49] As Ladybug, Marinette becomes more sure of herself.[22] The transformation into Ladybug offers her new abilities.[50] Her signature power is creation,[51][52] named "Lucky Charm".[22][53] Ladybug's superhero weapon is a yo-yo.[5]

Marinette has a loving relationship with her parents,[24] as well as a close bond with Tikki.[32] She also has a mainly positive relationship with her classmates, particularly with her best friend, Alya Césaire;[24] Alya often offers support to Marinette and is there for her when she needs help,[23] and she is a big fan of Ladybug.[24] Marinette also has a friendly relationship with Nino Lahiffe, who once had a crush on her.[24][54] At the same time, Marinette does not get along with Chloé Bourgeois,[55] who has tried to put Marinette in embarrassing situations on many occasions while simultaneously adoring Ladybug.[24]

In other Miraculous media[edit]

Besides the main series, Marinette appears in most Miraculous media. She is present in the Christmas special episode,[56][57] in the chibi episodes,[58][59] in the Tales from Paris episodes,[60] and in the Miraculous Secrets episodes.[61][62] She has also appeared in several sequences where she has addressed to the viewers in a direct way,[63][64] and in a live session sustained on the YouTube account of Disney Channel.[65][66] Marinette is a playable character in the official Miraculous mobile game.[67][68] She is present in comic books inspired by the series;[69][70][71] she appears in other types of books based on the show as well.[72][73] Marinette is pictured in the official Miraculous magazine.[74][75] She will appear in a 2D OVA,[76][77] and in a Miraculous musical film.[78][79] Marinette is also depicted in live stage shows.[80][81]

Reception[edit]

Critical response[edit]

Critical reception of Marinette's character has been generally positive, with writers describing her as clever,[32] sweet,[82] and creative.[32] Emily Ashby of Common Sense Media characterized Marinette as "patient" and "kind".[83] ComicsVerse writer Michele Kirichanskaya felt that the series "takes the time to address Marinette's heritage" in "a subtle and respectful manner", such as the "moments when she struggles with speaking Chinese" and has "cultural miscommunications with relatives".[5] Kirichanskaya wrote that Marinette's complete name when "translated from both Chinese and French languages" is "appropriate for a girl whose family owns a bakery".[5] She described Marinette as "loyal and devoted to her friends and family".[5] Kirichanskaya said Marinette being "an aspiring fashion designer" that makes "new creations in her spare time" shows that "feminine interests [do not] necessarily detract from superheroic qualities", deeming this "a positive message for male and female viewers alike".[5] She thought that the feelings Marinette has for Adrien "only define one aspect of her character".[5] Nerd Much? writer Emily Auten felt that "Marinette's shoujo-like crush on Adrien" is one of the "small aspects that anime fans can appreciate" in this series.[22] Auten stated that while "there are not enough female main heroes in shows", "Marinette takes center stage as one of the main protagonists";[22] she also wrote that "Marinette is a great female protagonist".[22] Auten said Marinette is "very well-written", stating that she is "a great role model" for both children and adults "to look up to and relate with".[22] She praised Cristina Vee's role as Marinette's voice actress.[22] An El Intransigente writer said that the main protagonist of this series is a girl, unlike how it happens in other shows, and that Marinette has a big heart.[29] Sergio Risquez of elrinconTV stated that Marinette willing to become a fashion designer shows her headship and bravery.[84] Marinette was commented to have "innocent optimism".[85]

Marinette's superhero form, Ladybug, has been commended. Elle Collins of ComicsAlliance said the way "Marinette transforms into Ladybug in a series of twirls and poses" resembles how "Sailor Moon and other magical girls always do".[86] She felt that Marinette having "the guidance of some kind of talking ladybug creature" completes "another Magical Girl trope".[86] Los Angeles Times writer Robert Lloyd commented that Marinette is a "smart girl" and characterized her superhero form as "a costumed crusader".[30] Michele Kirichanskaya stated that while Marinette initially "appears to be just an ordinary girl", with the help of "a pair of magical earrings" she "can transform into the Miraculous Ladybug, one of Paris's greatest superheroes".[5] She described Marinette as "a bright, talented, creative young woman, trying to balance her daily life with all the responsibilities that entail being France's greatest superheroine".[5] Kirichanskaya characterized Ladybug as "an incredible hero" that is "fluid and confident in battle".[5] She felt that "Marinette embodies the most" of both her ordinary and superhero lives "in a beautiful force of a character".[5] Laura Aasland of Culture Honey praised that while Ladybug keeps "groaning at Cat Noir's puns", "Marinette gets all moony eyed at the very mention of Adrien's name".[87] A Panorama writer characterized Marinette as an amazing heroine that can immediately impress the young viewers.[88] Ella Anders of BSCkids said that while "from a glance [Marinette] appears to be a typical high-school teen", she is "a champion of right" in reality.[89] Epicstream's Caitlin Donovan described Marinette as "an adorable lead who is genuinely awkward as a civilian, but confident as a superhero", feeling this "makes for an interesting contrast".[90] Marinette was characterized as a female "lead superhero" that "instills positive values", being praised.[91]

Popularity and merchandise[edit]

Bandai's brand management vice president, Kenji Washida, described Marinette as "a quirky but lovable girl growing up, going to school and having first crushes", stating that she is a character "girls can relate to";[92] he said Marinette's superhero alter ego is "someone they want to be".[92] Washida viewed "the concept of a young girl as a superhero" as "a game-changer in both toys and entertainment".[92] Guess's chief creative officer and chairman, Paul Marciano, praised Marinette's secret identity and her relationship with Adrien.[93] The licensing director of Gemma International, Tim Rudd-Clarke, characterized Ladybug as "a strong and empowered female superhero" that "fills a huge gap in the market that has been vacant for quite some time".[94] A Snapchat filter inspired by Ladybug has been created.[95] A life-size wax statue depicting her has been showcased at the Musée Grévin.[96][97] An indoor playground based on Ladybug and Cat Noir has been built.[98] Meet-and-greets containing Ladybug have been arranged,[99][100] including at a theme park.[101][102] Cosplays of her have been made,[103][104][105] and she has served as inspiration for face painting.[106][107]

Several pieces of merchandise inspired by Marinette's civilian and superhero identities have been created, including action figures,[33][108] clothing items,[109][110] accessories,[109][111] stickers,[112] and masks.[113] Figurines based on Ladybug have been developed by Funko,[114][115] and by Burger King.[116] Toys portraying her have been produced,[117][118] such as Kinder Surprise toys.[119][120] Pez candy dispensers inspired by her have been launched.[114][121] A game based on Ladybug and other Miraculous characters has been released.[122] Beach-related items depicting Ladybug have been produced,[123][124] and school-related items portraying her have also been invented.[117][125] Sweets inspired by her have been created.[126] Other products based on her, including bedclothes,[112][127] have also been developed.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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