Marion G. Romney

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Marion G. Romney
Marion G. Romney2.jpg
President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
November 10, 1985 (1985-11-10) – May 20, 1988 (1988-05-20)
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
November 5, 1985 (1985-11-05) – May 20, 1988 (1988-05-20)
First Counselor in the First Presidency
December 2, 1982 (1982-12-02) – November 5, 1985 (1985-11-05)
End reason Dissolution of First Presidency upon death of Spencer W. Kimball
Second Counselor in the First Presidency
July 7, 1972 (1972-07-07) – December 2, 1982 (1982-12-02)
End reason Called as First Counselor in the First Presidency by Spencer W. Kimball
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
October 4, 1951 (1951-10-04) – July 7, 1972 (1972-07-07)
End reason Called as Second Counselor in the First Presidency
LDS Church Apostle
October 11, 1951 (1951-10-11) – May 20, 1988 (1988-05-20)
Reason Death of George Albert Smith and reorganization of First Presidency
Reorganization
at end of term
Richard G. Scott ordained
Assistant to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
April 6, 1941 (1941-04-06) – October 4, 1951 (1951-10-04)
End reason Called to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
Personal details
Born Marion George Romney
(1897-09-19)September 19, 1897
Colonia Juárez, Chihuahua, Mexico
Died May 20, 1988(1988-05-20) (aged 90)
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States
Resting place Wasatch Lawn Memorial Park
40°41′52.08″N 111°50′30.12″W / 40.6978000°N 111.8417000°W / 40.6978000; -111.8417000 (Wasatch Lawn Memorial Park)

Marion George Romney (September 19, 1897 – May 20, 1988) was an apostle and a member of the First Presidency of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).

Early life[edit]

Romney was born in Colonia Juárez, Chihuahua, Mexico, to expatriated parents, George S. Romney and Teressa Artemesia Romney (née Redd).

His father George Romney was a cousin of Michigan governor George W. Romney, who was born in nearby Colonia Dublan. Marion Romney is the second cousin of Mitt Romney, former Massachusetts governor and the 2012 Republican presidential candidate. Teressa Redd was the daughter of Lemuel Hardison Redd and Sariah Louisa Chamberlain. Teressa and George married in 1894 in Colonia Juárez.

Romney was the second of ten children. His younger sister, Lurlene Romney Cheney, later converted to Catholicism and entered a religious order as Sister Mary Catherine, a Carmelite nun at the Carmel of the Immaculate Heart of Mary in Holladay, Utah.[1]

Romney studied at Academia Juárez until his family left Mexico in 1912, when violence from the ongoing Mexican revolution spread to their region. He lived with them for the remainder of his youth in California and Idaho. In 1917, the Romneys moved to Rexburg, Idaho, where his father became principal of Ricks Academy. Romney graduated valedictorian of Ricks high school in 1918.

From 1920 to 1923, Romney served as an LDS Church missionary in Australia. After returning, he worked in construction in Salt Lake City for his uncle Gaskell Romney (father of George Romney).

Higher education and family[edit]

Romney studied at Brigham Young University (BYU) for a year. While there, he renewed his acquaintance with Ida Jensen, a former teacher at Ricks and then post-graduate candidate at BYU. Romney and Jensen married September 12, 1924, in the Salt Lake Temple, officiated by then-apostle Joseph Fielding Smith.

Romney next studied at the University of Utah, receiving a bachelor's degree in political science and history in 1926. Romney studied law at the University of Utah, but did not complete course work there. He passed the Utah bar exam in 1929.

Romney and his wife had three children together; two died in infancy. Their son George Jensen Romney survived to adulthood. They also adopted a child, Richard Jensen Romney. George served an LDS Church mission. In April 1983 he delivered a General Conference sermon written by his father. Ida Romney died in 1979 at age 88.

Church service and politics[edit]

Romney first worked for the post office, and later became an assistant prosecuting attorney in Salt Lake City. In 1934, he successfully campaigned for the Utah House of Representatives in 1934 as a Democrat. While campaigning, he was called as an LDS Church bishop by stake president Bryant S. Hinckley. After his election, his bishop ordination was delayed until after the legislature's term in April 1935, seeking and serving only one term. While in the legislature, Romney helped author Utah's liquor control law.

General authority[edit]

Romney while an Assistant to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles

Romney's 47 years as a general authority of the LDS Church began as one of the first five Assistants to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles called to the new position in 1941. In 1951, he was called to the Quorum of the Twelve. In 1960, Romney helped develop the home teaching program of the LDS Church.

In 1961, Romney was appointed area supervisor for the LDS Church in Mexico. Although he had lived his first fifteen years in Mexico, it was in the mainly American Mormon colonies, and he knew very little Spanish. Assisted by Eduardo Balderas in learning Spanish, Romney supervised the church's growth in Mexico for the next eleven years. He oversaw construction of many meetinghouses in Mexico, along with organization of the first Spanish-language stakes in Mexico.

Romney became Second Counselor to church president Harold B. Lee, a colleague in the Church Welfare program, in 1972.

Following Lee's death the following year, Spencer W. Kimball became the church president and he retained Romney as the Second Counselor. As the First Presidency, Kimball, Tanner, and Romney announced the 1978 Revelation on Priesthood, canonized as "Official Declaration 2" in the Doctrine and Covenants.

when Kimball, Tanner, and Romney all aged and developed health problems at similar rates, Gordon B. Hinckley was added as an additional counselor in 1981. Upon Tanner's death in 1982, Romney became First Counselor and Hinckley the Second Counselor, though Romney was relatively inactive in his position due to poor health. When Kimball died in 1985, press reports indicated that Romney had not been seen in public for many months.[citation needed]

Ezra Taft Benson, who had been President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, then became the president and named Hinckley as First Counselor, with Thomas S. Monson as Second Counselor. Romney, as the apostle with the second-longest seniority in the church, became the quorum president. However, "because President Romney’s health [kept] him from taking an active part in Church administration," Howard W. Hunter, the next in seniority, served as acting president.[2]

Marion G. Romney's grave marker

Romney died from natural causes at his home in Salt Lake City at age 90. He served 47 years as a church general authority. Funeral services were held at the Salt Lake Tabernacle on May 23, 1988, presided over by Benson. Romney was buried at Wasatch Lawn Memorial Park in Salt Lake City,[3] beside his wife, approximately 10 years after her death. The Deseret News Church Almanac remembered him as a "renowned Church Welfare pioneer and Book of Mormon scholar".[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Moulton, Kristen (September 19, 2009), The Salt Lake Tribune, p. C2 http://archive.sltrib.com/article.php?id=13358898&itype=NGPSID  Missing or empty |title= (help); |contribution= ignored (help)
  2. ^ Gardner, Marvin K. (April 1986), Ensign http://www.lds.org/ensign/1986/04/president-marion-g-romney-president-of-the-quorum-of-the-twelve-apostles  Missing or empty |title= (help); |contribution= ignored (help)
  3. ^ Wasatch Lawn Memorial Park & Mortuary
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints titles
Preceded by
Ezra Taft Benson
President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
November 10, 1985 – May 20, 1988
Succeeded by
Howard W. Hunter
Preceded by
N. Eldon Tanner
First Counselor in the First Presidency
December 2, 1982 – November 5, 1985
Succeeded by
Gordon B. Hinckley
Second Counselor in the First Presidency
July 7, 1972 – December 2, 1982
Preceded by
Delbert L. Stapley
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
October 11, 1951 – July 7, 1972
November 5, 1985 – May 20, 1988
Succeeded by
LeGrand Richards