Thomas S. Monson
|Thomas S. Monson|
|16th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints|
|February 3, 2008– incumbent|
|Predecessor||Gordon B. Hinckley|
|President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles (with Boyd K. Packer as Acting President)|
|March 12, 1995– February 3, 2008|
|Predecessor||Gordon B. Hinckley|
|Successor||Boyd K. Packer|
|End reason||Became President of the Church|
|First Counselor in the First Presidency|
|March 12, 1995– January 27, 2008|
|Called by||Gordon B. Hinckley|
|Predecessor||Gordon B. Hinckley|
|Successor||Henry B. Eyring|
|End reason||Dissolution of First Presidency upon the death of Gordon B. Hinckley|
|Second Counselor in the First Presidency|
|November 10, 1985– March 3, 1995|
|Called by||Ezra Taft Benson|
|Predecessor||Gordon B. Hinckley|
|Successor||James E. Faust|
|End reason||Dissolution of First Presidency upon the death of Howard W. Hunter|
|Quorum of the Twelve Apostles|
|October 4, 1963– November 10, 1985|
|Called by||David O. McKay|
|End reason||Called as Second Counselor in the First Presidency|
|LDS Church Apostle|
|October 10, 1963|
|Called by||David O. McKay|
|Reason||Death of Henry D. Moyle; N. Eldon Tanner added to First Presidency|
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Unit||U.S. Naval Reserve|
|Born||Thomas Spencer Monson
August 21, 1927
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States
|Residence||Salt Lake City, Utah, United States|
|Alma mater||University of Utah (B.S.)
Brigham Young University (MBA)
|Spouse(s)||Frances Beverly Johnson (1927-2013)|
|Children||3 (including Ann Dibb)|
Thomas Spencer Monson (born August 21, 1927) is an American religious leader, author, and the sixteenth and current President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). As president, Monson is considered by adherents of the religion to be a "prophet, seer, and revelator." A printer by trade, Monson has spent most of his life engaged in various church leadership positions and public service.
Monson was ordained an LDS apostle at age 36, served in the First Presidency under three church presidents and was the President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles from March 12, 1995, until he became President of the Church on February 3, 2008. He succeeded Gordon B. Hinckley as church president.
Monson has received four honorary doctorate degrees, as well as the Boy Scouts of America's Silver Buffalo and the World Organization of the Scout Movement's Bronze Wolf—both awards are the highest awards in each organization. Monson is a member of the National Executive Board of the Boy Scouts of America, the organization's governing body.
Monson is chairman of the Boards of Trustees/Education of the Church Educational System, and Ronald Reagan appointed him to the U.S. President's Task Force for Private Sector Initiatives. Monson married Frances Beverly Monson (née Johnson) in the Salt Lake Temple in 1948 and they are parents to three children. Frances Monson died on May 17, 2013.
- 1 Biography
- 2 Legacy
- 3 Publications
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 Further reading
- 7 External links
Monson was born on August 21, 1927, in Salt Lake City, Utah, to G. Spencer Monson (1901–1979) and Gladys Condie Monson (1902–1973). The second of six children, he grew up in a "tight-knit" family—many of his mother's relatives living on the same street and the extended family frequently vacationing together. The family's neighborhood included several residents of Mexican descent, an environment in which he says he developed a love for the Mexican people and culture. Monson often spent weekends with relatives on their farms in Granger (now part of West Valley City), and as a teenager, he worked at a printing business his father managed.
From 1940 to 1944, Monson attended West High School in Salt Lake City. In the fall of 1944, he enrolled at the University of Utah. Around this time he met his future wife, Frances, whose family came from a higher social class on the east side of the city. Her father, Franz Johnson, felt an immediate connection because Monson's great uncle[vague] had baptized him into the LDS Church in Sweden.[when?]
In 1945, Monson joined the United States Naval Reserve and anticipated participating in World War II in the Pacific theater. He was sent to San Diego, California, for training, but was not stationed overseas before the end of the war. His tour of duty lasted six months beyond the end of the war,[when?] then he returned to the University of Utah. Monson graduated cum laude in 1948 with a bachelor's degree in business management. Monson did not serve a mission as a youth. At age 21, on October 7, 1948, he married Frances Beverly Johnson in the Salt Lake Temple. The couple eventually had three children: Thomas Lee, Ann Frances, and Clark Spencer.
After college he rejoined the Naval Reserve with the aim of becoming an officer. Shortly after receiving his commission acceptance letter,[when?] his local bishop asked him to serve as a counselor in the bishopric. Time conflicts with bishopric meetings would have made Navy service impossible. After discussion with church apostle Harold B. Lee (his former stake president), Monson declined the commission and applied for a discharge. The Navy granted his discharge in the last group processed before the Korean War. Lee set him apart six months later as a bishop—mentioning in the blessing that he likely would not have been called if he had accepted the commission.
Monson briefly taught at the University of Utah,[when?] then began a career in publishing. His first job was with the Deseret News, where he became an advertising executive. He joined the advertising operations at the Newspaper Agency Corporation at its formation in 1952. Monson later[when?] transferred to the Deseret News Press, beginning as sales manager and eventually becoming general manager. While at Deseret News Press, Monson worked to publish LeGrand Richards's A Marvelous Work And A Wonder. He also worked with Gordon B. Hinckley, the LDS Church's representative on publications, with whom he would later serve in the First Presidency.
Local church leadership
On May 7, 1950, Monson became an LDS bishop at age 22, serving for five years in two wards. He had previously served as ward clerk, ward Young Men's Mutual Improvement Association superintendent. At the time, Monson's Salt Lake City ward contained over 1,000 people, including 85 widows whom he visited regularly, and he continued visiting to these widows after completing his service as bishop. He brought them gifts during the Christmas season, including poultry he had raised himself. Monson eventually spoke at the funerals of each of these women. Also during his time as bishop, 23 men from his ward served in the Korean War. He wrote weekly personal letters to each serviceman. At least one of these men became fully involved[vague] with the church as a result of Monson's communication. During his service as bishop of the 6th-7th Ward, sacrament meeting attendance in the ward quadrupled.
In June 1955, at age 27, Monson became a counselor to Percy K. Fetzer in the presidency of the Salt Lake Temple View Stake. He was replaced as bishop of the 6th-7th ward the following month. In the stake presidency, Monson oversaw the stake's Primary, Sunday School, MIA, athletics and budget, until he was moved to Holladay, Utah, in June 1957. In Holladay, Monson was assigned to a ward building committee, to coordinate ward members' volunteer service to build a meetinghouse.
Mission president in Canada
In 1959, at age 31, Monson became president of the church's Canadian Mission (consisting of Ontario and Quebec), and served until 1962. Monson's first child, Clark, was born during his mission presidency.
As there were no local stakes in Canada at the time, Monson was responsible for both the missionaries and all LDS Church operations in the area. When he became mission president, he oversaw 130 missionaries and 55 church branches divided into 9 districts. During his tenure, the number of missionaries peaked at 180. Historically, most districts and branches in the area had been presided over by full-time missionaries, but Monson placed local members as presidents of branches and districts soon after arriving.
Monson initiated French-speaking proselytizing efforts in Quebec. He directed increased missionary work to immigrants from the Netherlands, Germany, Poland, Italy, Soviet Union and Hungary. Jacob de Jager, a future LDS general authority, was among the immigrant converts. Monson encouraged members to remain in eastern Canada, instead of migrating Utah or Alberta as many members had done before, to help build the church's presence. To help encourage members to stay in Canada, increase the perception of permanence, and better reach potential converts, he started a major construction program for new meetinghouses. Until then, most branches had used rented halls.
Efforts made during Monson's service came to fruition when a stake was organized in Toronto on August 14, 1960, however most of the mission's area remained in districts. A more complete presence in Ontario would not come until the dedication of the Toronto Ontario Temple in 1990, which Monson attended as a member of the First Presidency.
Return to Utah
Immediately after returning from Canada, Monson was called to the high council of the Valley View Stake in Holladay. Two months later he was made area supervisor over nine stake missions (Winder, Wilford, Monument Park, Monument Park West, Hillside, Highland, Parleys, Sugarhouse, and Wasatch). Eight of these stakes were in Salt Lake City or its east-side suburbs, with the Wasatch Stake based in Heber City. He also joined the church's Priesthood Genealogy Committee, and later the Priesthood Home Teaching Committee.
Monson resumed his work with the Deseret News as assistant general manager of the Deseret News Press, mainly doing non-newspaper printing. A month later he was made the general manager of the Deseret News Press. At the time, it was the largest printing plant in the United States, west of the Mississippi River. Monson remained in this position until 1963, when he was called as apostle.
Monson was sustained to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles at general conference on October 4, 1963. He was the youngest man called to the Quorum of the twelve in 53 years, 17 years younger than the next youngest member, Gordon B. Hinckley. He was ordained and set apart on October 10, 1963, by Joseph Fielding Smith.
With his business background, he helped oversee many church operations, including KSL Newsradio and Bonneville International. He was chairman of the Scripture Publication Committee in the 1970s that oversaw publication of the LDS Church edition of the King James Bible, and revised editions of church scriptures containing footnotes and guides. He also oversaw the church's Printing Advisory, Missionary Executive, and General Welfare committees. While an apostle, he continued his education and received a master of business administration degree from Brigham Young University in 1974.
Monson later oversaw church operations in Eastern Europe and helped the church gain access in the Soviet bloc. In 1982, he organized the first stake in East Germany and was instrumental in obtaining permission for the LDS Church to build a temple in Freiberg, East Germany, which was completed in 1985.
In the mid-1950s Monson was the secretary of the Utah State Roller Club, a group of pigeon breeders. Monson was a member of the National Executive Board of Boy Scouts of America starting in 1969. From 1969 to 1988 Monson was on the Mountain Bell Board of Advisors. From 1971 to 1977, he served on the Utah State Board of Higher Education and the Utah State Board of Regents. He was a member of the board of directors of Commercial Security Bank, chairing the bank's audit committee for 20 years.[when?] In 1993 when the bank bought by Key Bank, Monson joined the Board of Directors of Key Bank. In 1981, Ronald Reagan appointed him to the Task Force on Private Sector Initiatives, serving until its completion in December 1982.
Monson resigned most of his positions[vague] in 1996 when church leadership determined all the general authorities should leave all business boards of directors, excepting the Deseret Management Corporation. From 1965 until 1996 Monson was a member of the Deseret News Publishing Company board of directors. He became chairman of the board of directors in 1977.
Following the death of church president Spencer W. Kimball in 1985, newly selected church president Ezra Taft Benson asked Hinckley and Monson to serve as his First and Second Counselors. Monson and Hinckley also served as counselors to Benson's successor, Howard W. Hunter. When Hinckley succeeded Hunter in 1995, Monson became his first counselor. He served until Hinckley's death on January 27, 2008. As the second most senior of the apostles behind Hinckley, Monson simultaneously served as President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles; Boyd K. Packer (then third in seniority) served as Acting President during that time.
LDS Church president
Monson became the 16th president of the LDS Church on February 3, 2008, succeeding Hinckley, who had died seven days earlier. Monson selected Henry B. Eyring and Dieter F. Uchtdorf as his first and second counselors, respectively. When Monson was born, there were fewer than 650,000 church members in the world, most of them living in the western United States. At the time he became the church's president, there were over 13 million members worldwide, with the majority living outside the United States and Canada. As of October 2012, 31 temples announced by Monson were either under construction or in planning.
Monson and his counselors met with President George W. Bush on May 29, 2008, during Bush's visit to Salt Lake City. He and apostle Dallin H. Oaks met with U.S. President Barack Obama and Senator Harry Reid in the Oval Office on July 20, 2009, and presented Obama with five volumes of his personal family history records.
Monson was notably absent for a meeting other church leaders, including Eyring and Uchtdorf, had with Obama during his visit to Utah in April 2015. A church spokesperson indicated the absence was in order to save Monson's strength for the church's general conference the following weekend.
As President of the Church, Monson has dedicated fourteen (and rededicated four) LDS Church temples: Rexburg Idaho Temple, 2008; Curitiba Brazil Temple, 2008; Panamá City Panamá Temple, 2008; Twin Falls Idaho Temple, 2008; México City México Temple, re-dedication, 2008; Draper Utah Temple, 2009; Oquirrh Mountain Utah Temple, 2009; Vancouver British Columbia Temple, 2010; Gila Valley Arizona Temple, 2010; Cebu City Philippines Temple, 2010; Kyiv Ukraine Temple, 2010; Laie Hawaii Temple, rededication, 2010; Kansas City Missouri Temple, 2012; Calgary Alberta Temple, 2012; Boise Idaho Temple, rededication, 2012; Gilbert Arizona Temple, 2014; Ogden Utah Temple, rededication, 2014; and Phoenix Arizona Temple, 2014.
As a counselor in the First Presidency, Monson dedicated seven church temples: Buenos Aires Argentina Temple, 1986' Louisville Kentucky Temple, 2000; Reno Nevada Temple, 2000; Tampico México Temple, 2000; Villahermosa México Temple, 2000; Mérida México Temple, 2000; and Veracruz México Temple, 2000. Monson attended the dedication of many other LDS Church temples as a member of the Quorum of the Twelve and the First Presidency.
He was president of the Printing Industry of Utah and a former board member of the Printing Industries of America. A Life Scout and Explorer crew member in his youth, Monson served in several adult Scouting leadership capacities: merit badge counselor, member of the Canadian LDS Scouting Committee, chaplain at a Canadian Jamboree, and a member of the General Scouting Committee of the LDS Church. He has been a proponent of the Scouting for Food drive, and he has served on the national executive board of the Boy Scouts of America since 1969. He also represented the Boy Scouts of America as a delegate to the World Conferences in Tokyo, Nairobi, and Copenhagen.
In June 2008, Monson and his counselors in the First Presidency sent a letter to local congregations in California, urging them to support Proposition 8 by donating their time and resources, stating that, "Our best efforts are required to preserve the sacred institution of marriage." In the 2012 Utah voter list he was listed as a registered Republican voter.
Awards and recognition
In 1966, Monson was honored as a distinguished alumnus by the University of Utah. His first honorary degree, an Honorary Doctorate of Laws, was conferred in April 1981 by Brigham Young University. He received a Doctor of Humane Letters from Salt Lake Community College in June 1996, an Honorary Doctor of Business from the University of Utah in May 2007, and an honorary doctorate degree in Humanities from Dixie State College in May 2011.
Monson received the Boy Scouts of America's Silver Beaver award in 1971 and Silver Buffalo award in 1978, the latter being the highest honor of the BSA. In October 1993, during the Priesthood Session of the church's general conference, Monson also received the Bronze Wolf, the highest honor and only award of the World Organization of the Scout Movement, and was recognized for his contributions when a leadership complex at the Summit Bechtel Reserve was named for him. The citation for this award says,
In his assignments throughout the world as a leader of [the LDS Church], President Monson has worked tirelessly to bring about the advancement of Scouting in many countries. He has worked closely with the World Organization of the Scout Movement to find ways to strengthen the links between the Church and national Scout associations. He is a committed, solid, hard-working volunteer in the Scout Movement. His Scouting leadership has been exemplary.
In connection with the LDS Church's centennial celebration as a chartered sponsor, the BSA announced that the Leadership Excellence Complex, located at The Summit Bechtel Family National Scout Reserve in West Virginia, would be renamed the Thomas S. Monson Leadership Excellence Complex and also awarded him Scouting's Honor Medal in 2013 for saving the life of a girl who was drowning when he was 12 years old. The Salt Lake chapter of Rotary International honored Monson at its international convention with its Worldwide Humanitarian Award in 2008.
In Slate.com's "80 Over 80," a list of the most powerful octogenarians, Monson placed first in 2009, and first again in 2010. In 2011, Gallup listed Monson as one of "Americans' 10 Most Admired Men".
Monson has written a number of books, some of which are compilations of speeches given by him, or of quotes. Others discuss particular LDS gospel themes. He also wrote Faith Rewarded which is an autobiographical account about his work in leading the church in Eastern Europe.
- Monson, Thomas S. (1973), Pathways to Perfection, Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book, ISBN 978-0-87747-511-8
- —— (1979), Be Your Best Self, Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book, ISBN 978-0-87747-787-7
- —— (1983), Christmas Gifts, Christmas Blessings, Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book, ISBN 978-0-87747-976-5
- —— (1985), Favorite Quotations from the Collection of Thomas S. Monson, Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book, ISBN 978-0-87747-749-5
- —— (1988), Live the Good Life, Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book, ISBN 978-0-87579-192-0
- —— (1992), The Search for Jesus, Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book, ISBN 978-0-87579-669-7
- —— (1994), Inspiring Experiences That Build Faith: From the Life and Ministry of Thomas S. Monson, Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book, ISBN 978-0-87579-901-8
- —— (1996), Faith Rewarded: A Personal Account of Prophetic Promises to the East German Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book, ISBN 978-1-57345-186-4
- —— (1997), Invitation to Exaltation, Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book, ISBN 978-1-57345-358-5
- —— (1997), Meeting your Goliath, Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book, ISBN 978-1-57345-357-8
- —— (2004), A Christmas Dress for Ellen, Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book, ISBN 978-1-59038-386-5
- —— (2011), Teachings of Thomas S. Monson, Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book, ISBN 978-1-60908-890-3
- —— (2012), A Prophet's Voice: Messages from Thomas S. Monson, Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book, ISBN 978-1-60907-218-6
- "President Thomas S. Monson". LDS Newsroom. LDS Church. Retrieved 2010-06-23.
- "Thomas S. Monson Named 16th Church President". LDS Newsroom. LDS Church. 2008-02-04. Retrieved 2010-06-23.
- As the church's president, he is recognized as the most senior apostle.
- Boy Scouts of America Annual Report 2011
- "Frances B. Monson, Wife of President Thomas S. Monson, Passes Away". The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Retrieved 17 May 2013.
- Mims, Bob (17 May 2013). "Frances Monson, wife of Mormon church leader, dies". The Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved 17 May 2013.
- 2006 Deseret Morning News Church Almanac (Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Morning News, 2005).
- Moore, Carrie A. (4 February 2008). "President Monson recalls influence of family on his life". Deseret News. Retrieved 5 June 2008.
- Swensen, Jason (17 November 2008). "87,000 gather at LDS event in Mexico". Deseret News. Retrieved 24 June 2010.
- "Thomas Spencer Monson". History of Mormonism.com. More Good Foundation. Retrieved 6 June 2008.[dead link]
- Holland, Jeffrey R. (October–November 1986). "President Thomas S. Monson: Always "on the Lord's Errand"". Tambuli. LDS Church. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
- Monson, Thomas S. (6 February 1977). Decisions (Speech). Brigham Young University. Retrieved 23 June 2010.[dead link]
- Holland, Jeffrey R. (June 2008). "President Thomas S. Monson: In the Footsteps of the Master". Liahona (supplement). LDS Church. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
- "Monson Timeline". Deseret News. 2008-02-05. Retrieved 2008-05-16.
- Monson, Thomas S. (September 1987). "Lost Battalions". Tambuli. LDS Church: 2. Retrieved 2010-06-23.
- Holland, Jeffrey R. (October 1994). "President Thomas S. Monson: Finishing the Course, Keeping the Faith". Liahona. LDS Church. Retrieved 2010-06-23.
- Heidi S. Swinton, To the Rescue: The Biography of Thomas S. Monson (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 2010) p. 156
- Swinton, To The Rescue, p. 136
- Swinton, To the Rescue, p. 162
- Swinton, To the Rescue, p. 167
- Swinton, To the Rescue, p. 167–68
- Swinton, To The Rescue, p. 174
- Swinton, To The Rescue, p. 182
- Swinton, To The Rescue, p. 176
- Swinton, To The Rescue, p. 190
- "President Monson Keeps Close Ties to Canada". LDS Newsroom. LDS Church. 2008-02-11. Retrieved 2008-06-05.
- Swinton, To The Rescue, p. 184
- Swinton, To The Rescue, p. 177
- Swinton, To The Rescue, p. 188
- Swinton, To The Rescue, p. 203
- Swinton, To The Rescue, p. 197
- Swinton, To The Rescue, p. 218
- Swinton, To The Rescue, p. 226
- Swinton, To The Rescue, p. 262
- Swinton, To The Rescue, p. 273
- Loren C. Dunn, "A Mission Call", in New Era June 1973
- "President Thomas S. Monson: Additional Biographical Information". lds.org.uk — the Official LDS Country website for the United Kingdom. LDS Church. 2008-02-04. Retrieved 2008-06-05.[dead link]
- Swinton, To The Rescue, p. 168
- Swinton. To the Rescue pp. 531–32
- Stack, Peggy Fletcher; Mims, Bob (February 6, 2008). "Monson ready for presidential duties". The Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved 2008-02-21.
- Swinton. To the Rescue, pp. 258, 530–31
- Swinton. To The Rescue, p. 530
- "Thomas S. Monson named 16th president of Mormon church". Boston Herald. February 4, 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-05.
- William O. Lewis, III. "Thomas S. Monson". Grandpa Bill's G.A. Pages. Retrieved 2008-06-05. External link in
- "Mormon temple planned for Rome". The Dallas Morning News. October 5, 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-10-06. Retrieved 2008-10-05.
- "LDS church announces 6 new temples". ABC4.com. October 1, 2011. Retrieved 2008-10-05.
- Draper, Eric (2008-05-29). "President George W. Bush greets Thomas Monson". The White House. Retrieved 2008-06-05.
- Christina Bellantoni (July 20, 2009). "Mormon leader brings family records to President Obama". The Washington Times. Retrieved 2009-08-18.
- Burr, Thomas; Davidson, Lee; Gehrke, Robert (April 2, 2015). "Obama meets with Mormon church leaders, Gov. Herbert during Utah trip". The Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- Kyra Davis (February 11, 2008). "Temple Dedication". Standard Journal. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
- "5 new temples planned for Mormon church". MSNBC. October 4, 2008. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
- Kristin Moulton (August 21, 2009). "LDS leader marks birthday at temple dedication". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
- "LDS Church dedicates new Canadian temple". The Salt Lake Tribune. May 2, 2010. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
- Jon Johnson (March 17, 2010). "LDS Church preparing for temple open house". Eastern Arizona Courier. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
- "Mormon President Thomas S. Monson arrives to dedicate Cebu City Philippines Temple". Philippine Times. June 12, 2010. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
- Scott Taylor (August 30, 2010). "Mormons Flock to Kiev for Temple Dedication". Religious Information Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
- "Mormon leader attends temple rededication". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. November 27, 2010. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
- Kansas City Temple Dedication
- Calgary Alberta Temple Dedication
- Boise Idaho Temple
- Gilbert Arizona Temple
- Sarah Jane Weaver, President Monson rededicates Ogden Utah Temple, Church News, 21 September 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
- Phoenix Arizona Temple
- "California and Same-Sex Marriage". LDS Newsroom. LDS Church. Retrieved 2009-03-24.
- Canham, Matt; Burr, Thomas (December 6, 2012). "Top Mormon church posts dominated by registered Republicans". The Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
- "University of Utah Distinguished Alumni Award past recipients" (PDF). University of Utah. Retrieved 2014-06-05.
- "LDS President Thomas S. Monson to Deliver 2011 Dixie State College Centennial Commencement Address". Dixie State College. March 29, 2011. Retrieved 7 May 2011.
- "President Monson is honored for his contributions to Scouting", Church News, 1993-10-09.
- Reporter, Sarah Plummer Register-Herald. "Bechtel Summit to open leadership complex to give youth a solid foundation". Beckley Register-Herald. Retrieved 19 December 2016.
- "80 Over 80". Slate. 2009-10-20.
- Jones, Jeffrey M. (27 December 2011). "Barack Obama, Hillary Clinton Again Top Most Admired List". The Gallup Organization. Retrieved 3 January 2012.
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|The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints titles|
Gordon B. Hinckley
|President of the Church
February 3, 2008
|President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
March 12, 1995 – February 3, 2008
With: Boyd K. Packer (Acting)
Boyd K. Packer
|First Counselor in the First Presidency
March 12, 1995 – January 27, 2008
Henry B. Eyring
|Second Counselor in the First Presidency
November 10, 1985 – March 3, 1995
James E. Faust
N. Eldon Tanner
|Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
October 4, 1963 – February 3, 2008
Boyd K. Packer