Marion Hammer

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Marion P. Hammer was the first female President of the National Rifle Association[1] from 1995 to 1998.[2]

As an NRA lobbyist in the state of Florida from the late 1970s through 2016,[3] Hammer was credited with pushing through the 1987 Florida law standardizing the issue of concealed-carry permits[4] and Florida's 2005 "Stand your ground" legislation.[5] According to Bloomberg News, these laws became the model for similar laws passed in a majority of US states.[6]

Hammer developed the NRA's Eddie Eagle gun safety program for children in 1988.[7]

In 2005, Hammer was inducted into the Florida Women's Hall of Fame.

In 2017, Hammer's ineffective leadership led to the defection of Sen. Anitere Flores on Florida Senate Bills 646 and 616. When asked what happened, Hammer was completely unaware of the developing situation.[8]

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External links[edit]


  1. ^ O'Neill, Ann (15 April 2012). "NRA's Marion Hammer stands her ground". CNN. 
  2. ^ Menzel, Margie (2013-10-09). "Q&A: An Interview With Florida Gun Lobbyist Marion Hammer". WLRN Public Radio and Television. News Service of Florida. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  3. ^ Nielsen, Allison. "Marion Hammer Talks Florida's Biggest Gun Fights". Sunshine State News. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  4. ^ Bragg, Rick (1996-04-14). "Leader as Hard as Nails Is Taking Reins at N.R.A". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  5. ^ Brown, Chris (2012-03-22). "Marion Hammer: The NRA Lobbyist Behind Florida's Stand Your Ground Legislation". Media Matters for America. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  6. ^ Bender, Michael (2012-05-10). "Pistol-Packing Grandma Helps NRA Push State Pro-Gun Laws". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  7. ^ Bendavid, Naftali (November 20, 1997). "NRA Safety Cartoon Attacked: Gun-control Report Calls Eddie Eagle A Bird Of Prey". Chicago Tribune. 
  8. ^ "Florida Report: Sen. Anitere Flores Turns on Law-abiding Gun Owners!". National Rifle Association Institute for Legislative Action. Retrieved 11 March 2017.