Marion Hammer

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Marion P. Hammer was the first female President of the National Rifle Association[1] from 1995 to 1998.[2]

As an NRA lobbyist in the state of Florida from the late 1970s through 2016,[3] Hammer was credited with pushing through the 1987 Florida law standardizing the issue of concealed-carry permits[4] and Florida's 2005 "Stand your ground" legislation.[5] According to Bloomberg News, these laws became the model for similar laws passed in a majority of US states.[6]

In 2005, Hammer was inducted into the Florida Women's Hall of Fame.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ O'Neill, Ann (15 April 2012). "NRA's Marion Hammer stands her ground". CNN. 
  2. ^ Menzel, Margie (2013-10-09). "Q&A: An Interview With Florida Gun Lobbyist Marion Hammer". WLRN Public Radio and Television. News Service of Florida. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  3. ^ Nielsen, Allison. "Marion Hammer Talks Florida's Biggest Gun Fights". Sunshine State News. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  4. ^ Bragg, Rick (1996-04-14). "Leader as Hard as Nails Is Taking Reins at N.R.A.". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  5. ^ Brown, Chris (2012-03-22). "Marion Hammer: The NRA Lobbyist Behind Florida's Stand Your Ground Legislation". Media Matters for America. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  6. ^ Bender, Michael (2012-05-10). "Pistol-Packing Grandma Helps NRA Push State Pro-Gun Laws". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  7. ^ "Former NRA President Marion P. Hammer Inducted Into Florida Women's Hall of Fame!". National Rifle Association Institute for Legislative Action. Retrieved 27 July 2016.