Mediterranean Revival is a design style introduced in the United States in the waning nineteenth century variously incorporating references from Spanish Renaissance, Spanish Colonial, Beaux-Arts, Italian Renaissance, and Venetian Gothic architecture.
Peaking in popularity during the 1920s and 1930s, the movement drew heavily on the style of
palaces and seaside villas and applied them to the rapidly expanding coastal resorts of California and Florida.
Structures are typically based on a rectangular floor plan, and feature massive, symmetrical primary façades.
Stuccoed walls, red tiled roofs, windows in the shape of arches or circles, one or two stories, wood or wrought iron balconies with window grilles, and articulated door surrounds are characteristic. [1 ] [2 ] Keystones were occasionally employed. Ornamentation may be simple or dramatic. Lush gardens often appear.
The style was most commonly applied to hotels, apartment buildings, commercial structures, and residences. Architects
August Geiger and Addison Mizner were foremost in Florida, while Bertram Goodhue, Sumner Spaulding, and Paul Williams were in California.
List of example structures [ edit ]
Hayes Mansion in San Jose, California, completed in 1905 Rose Crest Mansion (Currently a portion of
The Mary Louis Academy) in Jamaica Estates, New York, completed in 1909
Villa Vizcaya in Miami, Florida, completed in 1914
Presidio building in San Francisco, California, completed in 1912 The
Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, California, 1921 (demolished)
Temple Terrace Country Club in Temple Terrace, Florida, completed in 1921
Freedom Tower in Miami, Florida, completed in 1925
Vinoy Park Hotel in St. Petersburg, Florida, completed in 1925
Snell Arcade in St. Petersburg, Florida. 1925
Boca Raton Resort & Club in Boca Raton, Florida, completed in 1926
Miami-Biltmore Hotel in Coral Gables, Florida, completed in 1926
Fort Harrison Hotel in Clearwater, Florida, completed in 1926
Cà d'Zan, former John Ringling estate in Sarasota, Florida, completed in 1926
Francis Marion Stokes Fourplex in Portland, Oregon, completed in 1926
Pasadena City Hall in Pasadena, California, 1927
Winter Park Ninth Grade Center 1927 Greenacres (Former
Harold Lloyd Estate) in Beverly Hills, California, completed in 1928
Don CeSar Hotel, St. Pete Beach, Florida, completed in 1928
Beverly Shores Railroad Station, 1928 Mildred Building,
Beaumont, Texas 1929
Port Washington Fire Engine House in Port Washington, Wisconsin, completed in 1929
Casa Casuarina (Versace Mansion, now known as The Villa By Barton G.) in Miami Beach, Florida, 1930 Santa Fe Railway (now
Amtrak and Metrolink) depot in Fullerton, California, completed 1930 Beverly Hills City Hall,
Beverly Hills, California, 1932
Cabrillo Beach Bath House in San Pedro, California, completed 1932
Francis Lederer residence, in West Hills, Los Angeles, California, completed 1936 [3 ]
Cooley High School, Detroit, Michigan, built in 1928 W.J. Bryan Elementary School, in Miami, Florida, completed in 1928
Sunrise Theatre, Fort Pierce, Florida, built in 1922
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
Gustafson, Lee and Phil Serpico (1999). Santa Fe Coast Lines Depots: Los Angeles Division. Acanthus Press, Palmdale, CA. ISBN 0-88418-003-4.
Newcomb, Rexford (1992). Mediterranean Domestic Architecture for the United States. Hawthorne Printing Company, New York, NY. ISBN 0-926494-13-9.
Signor, John R. (1997). Southern Pacific Lines: Pacific Lines Stations, Volume 1. Southern Pacific Historical and Technical Society, Pasadena, CA. ISBN 0-9657208-4-5. Nolan, David.
The Houses of St. Augustine. Sarasota, Pineapple Press, 1995.
Nylander, Justin A. (2010). Casas to Castles: Florida's Historic Mediterranean Revival Architecture. Schiffer publishing. ISBN 978-0-7643-3435-1.