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Characteristic elements of Moorish architecture include muqarnas, horseshoe arches, voussoirs, domes, crenellated arches, lancet arches, ogee arches, courtyards, and decorative tile work known as zellij in Arabic or azulejo in Spanish. The architectural tradition is exemplified by great buildings such as the Mezquita in Córdoba (784–987, in four phases); the Alhambra (mainly 1338–1390) and Generalife (1302–9 and 1313–24) in Granada and the Giralda in Seville in 1184; Paderne Castle in the Algarve, Portugal; the mosque of Koutoubia and University of Al-Karaouine in Morocco; the Great Mosque of Algiers and the Great Mosque of Tlemcen in Algeria; and the Mosque of Uqba in Kairouan, Tunisia. Other notable buildings include the ruined palace city of Medina Azahara (936-1010), the church (former mosque) San Cristo de la Luz in Toledo, the Aljafería in Zaragoza and baths at for example Ronda and Alhama de Granada.
Mosque–Cathedral of Córdoba, Spain - Horseshoe Arch
Mosque–Cathedral of Córdoba, Spain - Double horseshoe arches allowing for greater ceiling height
Court of the lions , Alhambra Spain
Alhambra, Granada, Spain - central court and gardens were a feature uniquely Moorish
Muqarnas in the Alhambra, Granada, Spain - muqarnas allowed for 2 dimensional patterns to be used in 3 dimensions to embellish the transition between the square base to a dome.
Alcázar of Seville, Seville, Spain - the central court, typical of Moorish style
Alcázar of Seville, Spain
Great Mosque of Kairouan, Kairouan, Tunisia
Hassan Tower, Rabat, Morocco
Bou Inania Madrasa (Meknes), Meknes, Morocco,
Muqarnas in the Cappella Palatina, Sicily
- Baños de la Encina Castle (Burgalimar)
- Jerez de la Frontera
Caliphate of Córdoba (929-1031):
- Medina Azahara (936-1010) in Córdoba
- Mosque of Cristo de la Luz in Toledo (completed 999/1000)
- "Minaret of San Juan" (930) at Córdoba, once belonging to a mosque
- Archaeological site of the Villarrubia palace (965-66)
Period of Taifas (11th-13th century):
- the Mezquita de las Tornerías in Toledo (ca. 1060)
- the Almohad minaret known as Giralda (1184–98) at Sevilla, once part of the Great Mosque of Sevilla (1172–1176)
- Aljaferia palace (second half of the 11th century) of the Banu Hud dynasty (1039–1110) in Zaragoza;
- minaret at the Church of San José at Granada (ca. 1050)
- Almohad Minaret at Iglesia de San Juan de los Reyes at Granada
- the Alhambra (mainly 1338-1390) and the Generalife (1302-24 in two phases), a country palace initially linked to the Alhambra by a covered walkway across the ravine that now divides them.
- Granada Hospital (Maristan) (1365-7)
- Masjid of the madrasa of Yusuf I (1349) in the so-called Palacio de la Madraza
- New Funduq of Granada (14th century)
- Qaysariyya of Granada (15th century)
- Algarve (Al-Garb Al-Andalus)
Algeria, Morocco & Tunisia
There is a high concentration of Moorish architecture in the Maghrebi states of Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia mainly in the cities of Tlemcen, Algiers, Marrakech, Tunis, and Testour.
- Berber architecture
- Arab-Norman culture
- Islamic influences on Christian art
- Moorish Revival*
- Moroccan architecture
- Mudéjar Architecture of Aragon
- Curl p.502
- Pevsner, Niklaus. The Penguin Dictionary of Architecture
- The Industrial Geography of Italy, Russell King, Taylor & Francis, 1985, page 81
- Islam Outside the Arab World, David Westerlund, Ingvar Svanberg, Palgrave Macmillan, 1999, page 342
- Curl, James Stevens (2006). A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (Paperback) (Second ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 880 pages. ISBN 0-19-860678-8.
- Barrucand, Marianne; Bednorz, Achim (2002). Moorish Architecture in Andalusia. Taschen. p. 240 pages. ISBN 3-8228-2116-0.
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