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Red-bellied Woodpecker-27527.jpg
Melanerpes carolinus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Piciformes
Family: Picidae
Subfamily: Picinae
Tribe: Dendropicini
Genus: Melanerpes
Swainson, 1832

See text.

Melanerpes is a genus of woodpeckers of the family Picidae found in the New World.

The genus was introduced by the English ornithologist William John Swainson in 1832.[1] The word Melanerpes come from the Greek melas meaning black and herpēs meaning creeper.[2]

The genus includes 24 species:[3]


  1. ^ Swainson, William John (1831). Richardson, John, ed. Fauna boreali-americana, or, The zoology of the northern parts of British America : containing descriptions of the objects of natural history collected on the late northern land expeditions under command of Captain Sir John Franklin, R.N.: Part 2, The Birds. p. 316.  The title page gives the date as 1831 but the volume was not actually published until the following year.
  2. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 140. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4. 
  3. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David (eds.). "Woodpeckers". World Bird List Version 6.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 

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