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Syma torotoro.jpg
Yellow-billed kingfisher (Syma torotoro)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Coraciiformes
Family: Alcedinidae
Subfamily: Halcyoninae
Genus: Syma
Lesson, 1827

Syma is a genus tree kingfishers in the family Alcedinidae that are resident in New Guinea and northeast Australia.

The genus was introduced by the French surgeon and naturalist René Lesson in 1827.[1] Syma was the name of a sea nymph in Greek mythology.[2]

The genus contains two species:[3]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Syma megarhyncha Mountain kingfisher New Guinea
Yellow-billed Kingfisher (2885655466).jpg Syma torotoro Yellow-billed kingfisher New Guinea and northern Cape York Peninsula in Australia

The adults of both species have bright yellow bills. The mountain kingfisher is endemic to the mountainous regions of New Guinea. The yellow-billed kingfisher occurs in lowland areas of New Guinea and on the Cape York Peninsula in north eastern Australia.[4]


  1. ^ Lesson, René (1827). "Nouveau gendre d'oiseau". Bulletin Universel des Sciences et de l'Industrie (in French). 11: 443.
  2. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 376. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
  3. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2017). "Rollers, ground rollers & kingfishers". World Bird List Version 7.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
  4. ^ Fry, C. Hilary; Fry, Kathie; Harris, Alan (1992). Kingfishers, Bee-eaters, and Rollers. London: Christopher Helm. pp. 171–174. ISBN 978-0-7136-8028-7.