Common big-eared bat
|Common big-eared bat|
Recent research has demonstrated this bat's amazing ability to find motionless food within clutter. Echolocating bats discriminate between background and prey based on glints or Doppler shifts in the echo induced by the (wing-)movements of the prey, but M. microtis can detect completely motionless prey. The species shares both the leaf-nose formation and the trait of sound emission through the nostrils with all Phyllostomidae, but its behavior is understood to be unique: the bat is able to discriminate ecologically relevant stimuli within an extremely complex cluttered sonic environment.
The echolocation call of M. microtis is a broad band multi-harmonic FM sweep with most energy in the second harmonic between 95 and 75 kHz, i.e. quite similar to that of Macrophyllum macrophyllum, although presumably of lower intensity.
M. microtis mothers will provide pups with prey items for 5 months after weaning.
- Geipel, Inga; Jung, Kirsten; Kalko, Elisabeth K. V. (2013-03-07). "Perception of silent and motionless prey on vegetation by echolocation in the gleaning bat Micronycteris microtis". Proc. R. Soc. B. 280 (1754): 20122830. doi:10.1098/rspb.2012.2830. ISSN 0962-8452. PMC . PMID 23325775.
- Geipel, Inga; Kalko, Elisabeth K. V.; Wallmeyer, Katja; Knörnschild, Mirjam (2013-06-01). "Postweaning maternal food provisioning in a bat with a complex hunting strategy". Animal Behaviour. 85 (6): 1435–1441. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2013.03.040.
- Miller, B.; Reid, F.; Arroyo-Cabrales, J.; Cuarón, A.D. & de Grammont, P.C. (2008). "Micronycteris microtis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 4 March 2009.
- Geipel, I., Jung, K., & Kalko, E. K. (2013). Perception of silent and motionless prey on vegetation by echolocation in the gleaning bat Micronycteris microtis. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 280(1754), 20122830.
- AnimalDiversity Web
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