Milton S. Hershey Mansion
Milton S. Hershey Mansion
Milton S. Hershey Mansion, November 2011
|Location||100 Mansion Rd. E, Hershey, Pennsylvania|
|Area||26.75 acres (10.83 ha)|
|Architect||Henry N. Herr, Paul Oglesby|
|NRHP Reference #||78002388|
|Added to NRHP||February 7, 1978|
|Designated NHL||May 4, 1983|
The Milton S. Hershey Mansion, also known as High Point, is a historic house at 100 Mansion Road East in Hershey, Pennsylvania. Built in 1908, it was the home of Hershey Chocolate founder Milton S. Hershey (1857-1945) from 1908 until his death. Hershey is credited with introducing the mass production of chocolate to be sold at low prices, and operated what became the world's largest chocolate maker. His house was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1983. It presently houses the offices of the Hershey Trust Company, a real estate management firm.
Description and history
The former Milton S. Hershey Mansion is located amid the grounds of the Hershey Country Club, at the junction if East Mansion and West Mansion Roads. It is set on a rise of land which provides views to the original Hershey factory to the west. It is a 2-1/2 story structure, built (like the factory) out of locally quarried limestone, and is Colonial Revival in style. It is covered by a truncated hip roof, and has four limestone chimneys. The main facade is five bays wide, with a two-story flat-roofed portico supported by Ionic columns extending across the central three bays. Single-story porches extend to both sides, the one on the left continuing as a porte-cochere to join to a small outbuilding, and the one on the right extending to a polgonal gazebo-like structure.
Milton Hershey first began manufacturing chocolate in a Lancaster plant in which he principally made caramel, following the then-common methods of chocolatiers in making the product into a variety of shapes and styles. In 1901, he decided to embark on a strategy of mass production, with a limited number of products that could the be sold inexpensively to a larger customer base. As his production base he developed the town of Hershey into a company town, building the factory and other facilities. After the factory was completed, he had this house built, to a design by architect Henry Herr, who had also designed many of the town's early buildings.
When the Hershey Country Club was founded in 1930, Hershey donated the house to the club as a headquarters, reserving an apartment for himself on the premises, and it remained his principal residence until his death in 1945. The house was acquired in 1970 by the Milton Hershey School, which used as an educational environment to teach early 20th-century building practices. In 1977 it was purchased by Hershey Foods for use as its corporate headquarters. It presently serves as the offices of the Hershey Trust Company, a property management firm.
- List of National Historic Landmarks in Pennsylvania
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Dauphin County, Pennsylvania
- National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Milton S. Hershey Mansion". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-02-08.
- "NHL nomination for Milton S. Hershey Mansion" (PDF). National Park Service.