Mohan Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana

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Sri Tīn Maharaja
Mohan Shumsher Jung Bahadur
Ranaji
श्री ३ मोहन शमशेर जङ्गबहादुर राणा
Mohan Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana.jpg
Portrait of Mohan Shamsher
17th Prime Minister of Nepal
In office
30 April 1948 – 12 November 1951
Monarch King Tribhuvan
King Gyanendra
Preceded by Padma Shumsher JBR
Succeeded by Matrika Prasad Koirala
Personal details
Born (1885-12-23)23 December 1885
Died 6 January 1967(1967-01-06) (aged 81)
Bangalore
Parents Chandra Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana (father)
Chandra Loka Bhakta Lakshmi Devi (mother)
Occupation Prime Minister of Nepal
Shree Teen Maharaja Mohan Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
श्री ३ महाराज मोहन शम्शेर जङ्गबहादुर राणा
King of Lamjung and Kaski Kingdom
His Highness Commanding General
Svasti Sri Madati Prachandra Bhujadandyetyadi
Sri Sri Sri Maharaja
T'ung-ling-ping-ma-Kuo-Kang-Wang
Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire
Knight Grand Cross of the British Empire
Mohan Shamsher JBR.jpg
Reign 1948 – 1951
Coronation 1948[1]
Predecessor Padma Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana
Successor abolished
Issue Sharada Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana
Bijaya Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
Full name
Mohan Shamsher Janga Bahadur Rana
Dynasty Rana dynasty
Religion Hinduism

Field-Marshal Mohan Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana (Nepali: मोहन शम्शेर जङ्गबहादुर राणा), GCB, GCIE, GBE (23 December 1885 – 6 January 1967) was the prime minister and foreign minister of Nepal from 30 April 1948 until 12 November 1951.[2]

He was the last prime minister from the Rana family, which had controlled Nepal for more than a century and reduced the monarchy to a figurehead. He was the son of the 5th Rana Prime Minister of Nepal Chandra Shumsher and Bada Maharani Chandra Loka Bhakta Lakshmi Devi. He became prime minister at a time when the king, Tribhuvan was attempting to assert himself. Tribhuvan wanted to establish a stronger monarchy and some democracy, which Mohan Shamsher opposed.

In 1950, Mohan Shumsher's policies against the monarchy forced Tribhuvan and his son Mahendra to flee to India with the help of the Indian Residency and the Indian government, which led Mohan Shamhser to proclaim Mahendra's three-year-old son Gyanendra the king of Nepal.

Later in the revolution of 1951, Tribhuvan returned to Nepal after signing The Delhi Treaty between Mohan Shamhser, Tribhuvan and Nepali Congress thus restoring his throne and bringing the stately power back to the monarch. By the end of 1951, the king and his allies, the Nepali Congress had triumphed, and Mohan Shumsher and the rest of the Rana family lost power. The Ranas were deprived of all the hereditary offices and privileges conferred by king Surendra Bikram Shah on Jang Bahadur even though Mohan Shumsher still held the office of the prime minister for until several demonstrations by Ranas in an attempt to reestablish their rule and the opposition of the monarchy and Nepali Congress forced him to resign from his position.

Death[edit]

On 14 December 1951, Mohan Shumsher went into self-imposed exile in India, and died in Bangalore in 1967, aged 81.[citation needed]

Family[edit]

In 1900, he married Bada Maharani Dikshya Kumari, second daughter of Kunwar Indar Bir Singh Rathor, of Marma Doti. He had two sons and six daughters,[3] being:

  1. General Sharda Shamsher Jung Bahadur Rana, elder son. He was the father of five children, two sons and three daughters, and all his daughters were given in marriage to high-ranking Rajput Maharajas. His daughters were:
    • Deepak Shamsher Jung Bahadur Rana, elder son
    • Mukund Shamsher Jung Bahadur Rana, younger son
    • Maharani Mukut Rajya Lakshmi, wife of Maharaja Raghunath Singh Bhati of Jaisalmer
    • Maharani Yasho Rajya Lakshmi, wife of Maharaja Karan Singh Dogra of Jammu and Kashmir
    • Bharati Rajya Lakshmi, wife of Maharaja Shatrushalya Singh Jadeja of Nawanagar (Jamnagar)
  2. General Bijay Shamsher Jung Bahadur Rana, younger son. married and had issue four children including an only son:
    • Pashupati Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana. A politician who held several ministerial positions in the government of Nepal at various times. He married Usharaje Scindia, second daughter of Maharaja Jiwajirao Scindia of Gwalior by his wife Maharani Vijayaraje Scindia. They became the parents of two daughters:
      1. Urvashi Rana, married an Indian businessman from the Marwadi community.
      2. Devyani Rana. She attained worldwide notoriety as the paramour of Crown Prince Dipendra of Nepal. His parents, the King and Queen of Nepal, were staunchly opposed to the idea of Urvashi marrying their son and becoming Queen for complicated reasons involving caste and family background. Meeting with a wall of opposition from his family, Crown Prince Dipendra took up a gun and shot dead nearly all members of his family, including his mother, father, brother and sister. He then shot himself in the head and died. Urvashi, her plans of Queenship thwarted for good, later married Aishwarya Singh, member of a minor zamindari family; his mother is a daughter of the late politician Arjun Singh.
  3. Rani Sahiba Moha Bakhta Rajya Lakshmi, married to Raja Pashupati Pratap Narayan Singh Bahadur of Bansi in Uttar Pradesh.
  4. Rani Sahiba Trilokya Rajya Lakshmi Kumari, married to Rajiya Rishi Rao Saheb Udai Singh of Patan, Rajasthan.
  5. Rani Sahiba Roop Rajya Lakshmi Kumari, married to Rawal Saheb Sangram Singh of Samode in Rajasthan.
  6. Rani Sahiba Mahendra Rajya Lakshmi Devi, married to Rana Shivenber Singh of Khajurgaon.
  7. Rani Sahiba Shada Rajya Lakshmi Devi, married to Raja Girish Chandra Jadumoni Deo Jenamani of Rairakhol State in Orissa.
  8. H.H Rani Sahiba Leela Rajya Lakshmi, married to H.H Maharaj Adhiraj Sipahdar-Ul-Mulk Sir Arimardam Singh Ju Deo Bahadur of Charkhari State in Bundelkhand.

Honours[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lamb6". www.royalark.net.
  2. ^ Royal Ark
  3. ^ Royal Ark
Political offices
Preceded by
Padma Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
Prime Minister of Nepal
1948–1951
Succeeded by
Matrika Prasad Koirala