Mordecai Lincoln House (Lorane, Pennsylvania)

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Mordecai Lincoln House
Mordecai Lincoln 1733.JPG
View from the road (east)
Mordecai Lincoln House (Lorane, Pennsylvania) is located in Pennsylvania
Mordecai Lincoln House (Lorane, Pennsylvania)
Mordecai Lincoln House (Lorane, Pennsylvania) is located in the US
Mordecai Lincoln House (Lorane, Pennsylvania)
Nearest city Birdsboro, Pennsylvania
Coordinates 40°16′55″N 75°50′2″W / 40.28194°N 75.83389°W / 40.28194; -75.83389Coordinates: 40°16′55″N 75°50′2″W / 40.28194°N 75.83389°W / 40.28194; -75.83389
Built 1733, 1760
Architectural style Vernacular
NRHP Reference # 88002370[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP November 3, 1988
Designated PHMC March 29, 1947[2]

The Mordecai Lincoln House is a historic house in Exeter Township, Berks County, Pennsylvania built c. 1733 by Mordecai Lincoln, the great-great-grandfather of President Abraham Lincoln. The house stands in the narrow valley of Hiester Creek on a 9 acre plot near the village of Lorane on Lincoln Road.[3]

History[edit]

Sketch of the house published in 1907 from an earlier drawing. The sketch likely shows the state of the building before 1760.

President Lincoln had only a vague knowledge of his Pennsylvania ancestors, believing that they were Quakers from Berks County. The first Mordecai Lincoln lived in Scituate, Massachusetts. Two of his sons, Abraham and Mordecai Jr., the president's great-great-grandfather, first moved to New Jersey before 1714 and then to Pennsylvania in 1720. Mordecai Jr. settled near the present day Coventryville, Chester County and became a partner in the Coventry Forge with Samuel Nutt Sr. and William Bransom, then selling that interest for five hundred pounds in 1726. He moved to Amity Township, Philadelphia County (now Exeter Township, Berks County) sometime after 1727. In 1729 Mordecai Jr. leased a thousand acre farm and married his second wife, Mary Robeson. He later bought the farm and built his house on it about 1733. The house was enlarged about 1760 and a separate summer kitchen was built in the early nineteenth century.[4]

The Mordecai Lincoln House is four miles south of the Daniel Boone Homestead, birthplace of Daniel Boone and the two families clearly were acquainted. Mordecai Lincoln Jr. served as a justice of the peace, road inspector, and militia captain or commissioner for defense against the Indians. He died in 1736, shortly before the birth of a son, also named Abraham. This Abraham married the first cousin of Daniel Boone, Anne Boone, who was a Quaker but who was censured by the Exeter Friends Meeting for marrying a non-Quaker. This fact indicates that the Lincolns were not Quakers, even though Mordecai Jr. is believed to be buried in the Exeter Friends Burial Ground.[4][5] In his will, Mordecai Jr. left land in New Jersey to his sons by his first wife. His land in Pennsylvania was left to his sons by his second wife, with his son Mordecai inheriting the house.[3]

John Lincoln, the eldest son of Mordecai Jr., was great-grandfather of President Lincoln. He was born in 1716 in New Jersey and owned several pieces of land in Lancaster and Berks counties. He lived at least 35 years in Pennsylvania, including 8 years in Amity Township. In 1765 he sold his Pennsylvania land before moving to the Shenandoah Valley in Virginia. Several of his descendants were also named Mordecai or Abraham.[4][6][7]

Summer kitchen

Architecture[edit]

The 1733 section of the house, with its gable facing the road, is banked into the hill with two stories rising above the basement level. Viewed from the road, It is about 30 feet wide by 20 feet deep, with two rooms, one on each side. It is one of the oldest English-style houses in Berks County, and resembles the Penn Plan design propagated by William Penn in the early days of Pennsylvania. Nevertheless, with the gable-end to the front and its banking into the hill, it also resembles the German vernacular style common in Berks County in the eighteenth century. The basement contains a walk-in fireplace about 7 feet wide.

The 1760 addition is stepped up the hill by about 11 inches and has a similar plan. It is about 30 feet wide and 36 feet deep. The walls of both sections are 18 inches thick and constructed of local stone. Dormers were added to the roof about 1830, and have been retained in the restoration that began in 1987. The summer kitchen, about 20 feet south of the 1760 addition, was built in the early nineteenth century. It is constructed of red sandstone, but is now painted white. It has 2 stories plus a large basement and includes another walk-in fireplace on its first floor.

The house was used as a farmhouse into the twentieth century. For about 20 years ending in 1987 it was abandoned and neglected, with a large hole in the roof opening up. A complete renovation in 1987-88 returned the house to its c. 1760 form.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ "PHMC Historical Markers". Historical Marker Database. Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission. Retrieved December 10, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c Pheobe L. Hopkins, 1988, NRHP Nomination Form for Mordecai Lincoln House Enter "public" for ID and "public" for password to access the site.
  4. ^ a b c Lincoln Homestead, Pennsylvania Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission, 1809-2009, accessed April 1, 2011.
  5. ^ Berks County, PA Genealogy, accessed April 1, 2011.
  6. ^ Abraham Lincoln Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, accessed April 1, 2011.
  7. ^ Louis Warren, The Lincolns of Berks County, Berks County Historical Society, accessed April 1, 2011.

External links[edit]