Morriston

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Morriston
Morriston is located in Swansea
Morriston
Morriston
Morriston shown within Swansea
Population 16,928 (Ward 2011 census)[1]
OS grid reference SS6698
Principal area
Ceremonial county
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SWANSEA
Postcode district SA6
Dialling code 01792
Police South Wales
Fire Mid and West Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament
Welsh Assembly
List of places
UK
Wales
Swansea
51°40′N 3°56′W / 51.67°N 03.93°W / 51.67; -03.93Coordinates: 51°40′N 3°56′W / 51.67°N 03.93°W / 51.67; -03.93

Morriston (Welsh: Treforys) is a community in the City and County of Swansea, Wales and falls within the Morriston ward. It boasts a proud industrial, architectural, sporting, choral and religious heritage accumulated over several centuries, the legacy of which hugely influences its people today.

Morriston is sometimes referred to as a distinct town[2] (e.g. the local football club is named Morriston Town A.F.C.), however it has never had a town charter,[3] and is now part of the continuous urban sprawl around Swansea, the centre of which lies three miles to the south-west. It is the most populous of Swanseas electoral divisions and is situated close to other communities including Plasmarl, Treboeth, Llansamlet, Cwmrhydyceirw, Clase, Ynystawe and Ynysforgan.

Landscape and Geography[edit]

Morriston is built in the Lower Swansea Valley adjoining the River Tawe on terrain sloping gently downwards to the east and steeply upwards to the west. It is centred on Woodfield Street, a shopping area that runs in a north-south axis. The street features two of Morristons most notable structures, the Church of St. John and Tabernacle Chapel.

In its original design, St John, locally known as "Church in the Middle of the Road", was the centre piece of Morriston. Unfortunately the building is no longer used as a church and has fallen into disrepair. Tabernacle Chapel is a Grade I listed building[6] designed by the architect John Humphrey and built between 1870 and 1872. Tabernacle has sometimes been called "the Cathedral of Welsh non-conformity".[7] The two buildings remain the towns main landmarks along with Morriston Hospital and the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency, the latter two of which are major employers in the area. Morriston Hospital, the largest hospital in Swansea is located in Cwmrhydyceirw, approximately one mile north of Morriston town centre. The DVLA is located in Clase, a suburb west of Morriston and processes all British driver registrations.

The remainder of Morriston can be divided into three areas:

  • an area of early 19th century two-storey terraced houses around the main area of shops;
  • areas further north, close to the M4 motorway, largely composed of semi-detached housing built from the 1940s to the 1960s;
  • a mix of 19th-century and more recently built houses along Clydach Road in Ynystawe.[2]

Retail[edit]

The heart of the town retail community is at Woodfield Street, which consists of many small shops and pubs. Once a month the street is closed to traffic for Morriston Market, a monthly street market selling a huge range of Welsh produce from hand-made items to fresh food. The nearby Swansea Enterprise Park gives shoppers a wider choice supplied by national chains.

Transport[edit]

Morriston was originally located next to the Swansea Canal, which, along with the River Tawe, was essential for the transport of goods in the Swansea Valley. The canal was superseded by rail and roads with Morriston now conveniently located just off Junction 45 of the M4 Motorway and adjacent to the A4067.

The nearest railway stations are at Llansamlet and Swansea High Street. Until the 1960s, Morriston had two railway stations, Morriston East and Morriston West on the Morriston Branch of the Swansea District line and the Swansea Vale Railway. Both stations no longer exist. The Swansea District Line is still in use, transporting freight traffic and also for the Fishguard to Cardiff/Cheltenham Spa passenger service. It runs through northern Morriston with a viaduct at Clydach Road.

The centre of Morriston contains a large car park and has numerous bus stops leading from Morriston Hospital into Swansea City Centre and on to Swansea University with services provided by First (South & West Wales). The area has two Taxi offices with a Taxi lane in Woodfield Street.

Tabernacle Chapel[edit]

Tabernacle Chapel is the outstanding building in the centre of Morriston and visually dominates the area. It has been described as the "Non-Conformist Cathedral of Wales" while Anthony Jones, in his 1996 definitive book "Welsh Chapels" described the chapel as "The largest, grandest and most expensive chapel built in Wales". The book features the iconic Grade 1-listed building as its cover-photograph.

Victorian industrialisation brought rapid population growth to the lower Swansea Valley, close to the port of Swansea, as rural workers sought new employment opportunities in many tinplate and copper works established in the area. Welsh Nonconformity enjoyed great popularity; a dozen chapels were built in the Morriston area alone in the latter half of the nineteenth century and Tabernacle, planned as the ultimate evocation of a Welsh chapel in terms of architecture, space and facilities, was completed in 1872 at a staggering cost of £18,000. The design was evolved by three prominent figures in the area: the minister, Emlyn Jones, the architect, John Humphrey and the contractor Daniel Edwards.The Cambrian national newspaper described it as "the one great redeeming feature in that manufacturing district, an oasis in a desert". The heavy industry is no more, but the visual impact of the building, its spire visible for miles around, remains undiminished as it dominates the Morriston skyline.

Morriston Park[edit]

Sir John Morris, 1st Baronet of Clasemont, built a mansion in 1775 called Clasemont at Pengwern on the western slopes of the lower Swansea valley. The mansion had a garden of extensive open grassland giving way to a wooded wilderness and panoramic vista. In 1911 Swansea Corporation purchased 47 acres of Clasemont which became Morriston Park in 1912. For several years the park received investment and new facilities, hosting many popular activities, carnivals and musical performances. It once incorporated a large ornate bandstand, swimming baths, lido, aviary, cricket pitch, changing rooms, shop and even a 9-hole golf course. But in recent years all of these assets, and more, have disappeared. Over the years the significance of Morriston Park has slipped from the collective consciousness. It now suffers from severe drainage problems with many paths and borders overgrown and in poor condition. Despite this neglect, the park still maintains the structure of an 18th-century landscape garden with magnificent views over the lower Swansea valley. "Friends of Morriston Park" is a voluntary group set up to support, maintain and develop this historically significant garden. Their goal is to rejuvenate this tarnished jewel in the crown of Swansea east, thereby enabling Morriston, once again, to sit proudly in the premier division of the city’s parks and gardens

Industrial heritage[edit]

Morriston is part of the Lower Swansea Valley. Over a period of about 150 years up until the 1920s, the valley was one of the most heavily industrialised areas of the developed world. Morriston was constructed as "Wales' earliest planned industrial village" and was laid out on a grid pattern designed by William Edwards [4] and named after its founder, Sir John Morris, Bt. The grid pattern remains in evidence today. Morris originally named the town "Morris Town", but this was shortened into the single word "Morriston" with the Welsh language translation being Treforys.

Morriston was initially constructed for the workers of the tinplate and copper industries that built up along the banks of the River Tawe in the 18th century. The Swansea Canal also ran through the area transporting coal, limestone and other products along the valley but it was drained from Clydach to Swansea in the 1970s. Some small remains, including a footbridge, are still present in Morriston.

Tin-plating had almost vanished from the area by the end of the Second World War, with production in South West Wales concentrated at new works in Felindre and Port Talbot.[5][6]

Sir John Morris was also responsible for the construction between 1768 and 1774 of Morris Castle, widely considered to have been the world's first accommodation built specifically for workers by their employer. Little of the structure remains today, although its ruins are visible on high ground above the nearby Landore district.[7]

Arts[edit]

Morriston is lucky enough to boast two excellent choirs. Morriston Orpheus Choir was formed in 1935 and enjoys an international reputation as a leading exponent of male choral singing. It performs around 25 engagements annually and undertakes performances on television and at national events

Morriston RFC Male Choir was formed in 1979 by members of the local rugby club. It has progressed to be one of the foremost Welsh choirs, and regularly performs free of charge to raise funds for charities and good causes in churches, chapels, and prestigious concert venues around the UK.

Morriston Camera Club was established in 1992 and is an active club with competitions and field trips and is a useful source of information for local historians.

Morriston Library is situated just behind the main shopping precinct at Treharne Road.

Sport[edit]

Morriston R.F.C is a rugby club[8] founded in 1876 and based at Maes Collen. It is one of the founder clubs of the current Welsh Rugby Union and feeder club to the Ospreys region. The Club caters for all age group rugby from age 6 to Youth & senior sides and is proud of producing many players who have achieved international honours including more recently Ross, Richard & Paul Moriarty and Tony Clements.

Morriston has several amateur association football clubs, most of which play in the Swansea Senior League: Morriston A.F.C. is a former Welsh Football League team based at The Dingle. Morriston Athletic, Morriston Olympic and C.R.C. Rangers are also based in Morriston. Games between Morriston Olympic and C.R.C (Cwmrhydyceirw) Rangers are fiercely contested, with scores of supporters lining the pitch at Tir Canol whenever the two sides meet.

Morriston Golf Club was established in 1909 and has been located at its present-day site at Clasemont Road since 1916. The 18-hole golf course is set in parkland and is 5,708 yards in length.

Morriston Cricket Club, based at Tircanol, was founded in 1865 and currently plays in Division 2 of the South Wales Cricket Association.

Morriston Leisure Centre provides multi-purpose sports facilities including a 25-metre swimming pool, indoor gym, sports hall and astraturf pitches.

Images of Morriston[edit]

Please bear in mind that not all of the photographs in these links relate to Morriston

Images of Morriston

Morriston Hospital

Morriston Churches

Morriston Railways

Morriston History

Street Map[edit]

Street Map of Morriston

Listed Buildings[edit]

Grade I listed buildings:[9]

  • Capel Tabernacl on Woodfield Street designed by Architect John Humphrey, who's story has been captured in the book “The Remarkable Life of John Humphrey, Gods Own Architect” by David Farmer (1997)

Grade II listed buildings:

  • Former Annealing Building in George Cohen's Works, off Beaufort Road
  • Morfydd Street Bridge & Boundary Wall to Davies Street
  • Seion Chapel on Clase Road
  • Philadelphia Chapel incl. attached Chapel House & Sunday School on Globe Street
  • Former Police Station & House on Martin Street
  • 'Danbert Hall' (former Employment Exchange) on Morfydd Street
  • War Memorial in Morriston Park
  • Church of St. John on Woodfield Street

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]