Muaskar Anole

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Mu'askar Anole
LeadersMukhtar Abu Ali Aisha[1]
Mohamed Mire[2]
Dates of operation2007–2009
Group(s)Marehan (Darod) Harti (Darod)
HeadquartersLaagta Anoole
Active regionsSouthern Somalia
Ras Kamboni Brigade
Jabhatul Islamiya
OpponentsSomalia Transitional Federal Government
Succeeded by
Hizbul Islam

Muaskar Anole (Anole School) also known as Anoole, Caanole, Mu'askar Anole, Mucaskarka Caanoole, Caanoole Mu'askar, Mucaskarka al-Furqan, al-Furqan Camp or al-Furqan Forces[3] was an Islamist militia in Somalia. The group participated in the 2006–2009 insurgency against Ethiopia and in January 2009 merged with the Asmara based wing of the Alliance for the Re-liberation of Somalia, led by Sheikh Hassan Dahir Aweys, the Ras Kamboni Brigade, led by Sheikh Hassan Abdullah Hersi al-Turki and Jabhatul Islamiya to form Hizbul Islam which became the second most powerful insurgent group (after al-Shabaab) in Somalia which continued fighting the TFG and AMISOM peacekeepers, after Ethiopian withdrawal. Little is known about the group.[4]

On 21 April 2009, Anole and the Ras Kamboni brigades fought each other in a village called Abdalla Birole, which lies 40 km west of Kismayo. This happened after Anole fighters invaded a village called Bulo Haji, while Ras Kamboni Brigade fighters arrived in Abdalla Birole and they clashed. The situation in the two villages was said to be tense, 4 people were killed and 7 injured during the fighting.[5]


  1. ^ "Scribd". Archived from the original on 9 September 2012.
  2. ^ "Letter dated 10 March 2010 from the Chairman of the Security Council Committee pursuant to resolutions 751 (1992) and 1907 (2009) concerning Somalia and Eritrea addressed to the President of the Security Council" (PDF). Retrieved 15 October 2014.
  3. ^ [1] [dead link]
  4. ^ "Somalia: Islamists Want to Keep Fighting Against the New Government". Retrieved 15 October 2014.
  5. ^ "Somalia: Fighting Between Islamist Factions Kill Four People". Retrieved 15 October 2014.