Participant in Insurgency in Jammu and Kashmir
The flag of Jaish-e-Mohammed
Jaish-e-Mohammed (Urdu: جيش محمد, literally "The Army of Muhammad", abbreviated as JeM; also transliterated Jaish-e-Muhammed, Jaish-e-Mohammad or Jaish-e-Muhammad) is an ISI-backed Deobandi jihadist group in Pakistan. The group's primary motive is to separate Kashmir from India and merge it into Pakistan. It has carried out several attacks primarily in the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir. It also maintains close relations with Taliban and Al-Qaeda in Afhanistan. It has been banned in Pakistan since 2002, yet continues to operate several facilities in the country.
According to B. Raman, Jaish-e-Mohammed is viewed as the "deadliest" and "the principal terrorist organisation in Jammu and Kashmir". The group has been designated as a terrorist organisation by Pakistan, Australia, Canada, India, the UAE, the UK, the US and the UN.
Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) is said to have created Jaish-e-Mohammed by working with several Deobandi terrorists associated with Harkat-ul-Mujahideen. In December 1999, these terrorists hijacked the Indian Airlines Flight 814 scheduled to fly from Kathmandu to Delhi, and diverted it to Kandahar, where they were looked after by Afghan Taliban and the Pakistani officials stationed at the airport. After they slit the throat of a passenger, the Indian government agreed to their demands and released Maulana Masood Azhar, Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh and Mushtaq Ahmed Zargar, three Harkat operatives previously imprisoned in India. The released prisoners were escorted to Pakistan by the ISI, and Masood Azhar was chosen to head the new group Jaish-e-Mohammed. The ISI is said to have paraded him on a victory tour through Pakistan to raise money for the new organisation.
Azhar's leadership is nominal and group has a largely decentralised structure. JeM's membership, drawn from the former members of Harkat-ul-Mujahideen, is allied to the Afghan Taliban, the Pakistani Taliban and Al Qaeda. They share their training camps in Afghanistan and carry loyalty to Al Qaeda. A majority of the members of Harkat are said to have followed Azhar into the newly founded group, leaving the former under-funded and under-supported.
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The Indian Government accused Jaish-e-Mohammed of being involved in the 2001 Indian Parliament attack. In December 2002, four JeM members were caught by Indian authorities and put on trial. All four were found guilty of playing various roles in the incident. One of the accused, Afzal Guru, was sentenced to death for his role.
- The group, in coordination with Lashkar-e-Tayiba, has been implicated in the 2001 Indian Parliament attack in New Delhi.
- It has been suspected in the murder of American journalist Daniel Pearl in Karachi.
- An informant, posing as a member of Jaish-e-Mohammed, helped police to arrest four people allegedly plotting to bomb a New York City synagogue as well as to shoot Stinger missiles at military aircraft in the United States. The arrest of the four took place in May 2009. One of the four, by the name of James Cromitie, allegedly expressed the desire to join Jaish-e-Mohammed. This expression allegedly took place approximately a year prior to this arrest.
- Members of the group were suspected of carrying out the 2016 Pathankot attack.
- Total 3 groups infiltrated into Kashmir through LoC, one attacked in Poonch sector and one at Army brigade in Uri(2016 Uri attack). Third group is untraceable.
- 2009 detention of Americans by Pakistan
- Insurgency in Jammu and Kashmir
- Khuddam ul-Islam
- List of terrorist organisations in India
- Abdul Rauf Asghar
- Jaffrelot, The Pakistan Paradox 2015, p. 520.
- Moj, Deoband Madrassah Movement 2015, p. 98.
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