|Directed by||A. Vincent|
|Produced by||Shobhana Parameswaran Nair|
|Written by||M. T. Vasudevan Nair|
|Based on||Snehathinte Mukhangal|
K. P. Ummer
P. J. Antony
|Music by||B. A. Chidambaranath|
|Edited by||G. Venkitaraman|
Satya Studios, Madras
Murappennu is a 1965 Malayalam film written by M. T. Vasudevan Nair, directed by A. Vincent and produced by Shobhana Parameswaran Nair in the banner of Roopavani. It marked the entry of M. T. Vasudevan Nair, the noted Malayalam novelist to Malayalam cinema. The film's story is based on Snehathinte Mukhangal, a short story by M. T. himself. The film features an ensemble cast including Prem Nazir, K. P. Ummer, Madhu, P. J. Antony, Jyothilakshmi, Sharada and Adoor Bhasi playing the pivotal roles.
The film received critical praise and good reviews. M. T. Vasudevan Nair's script, which made use of Valluvanadan dialect, was well appreciated and is accepted to be one of the finest ever. Later, M. T. and A. Vincent went on to create some of the memorable films in Malayalam film history. The film is also known for the powerful performance of Prem Nazir as Balan, the lead character of the film. The Hindu described Murappennu as "a well-made film with a compelling plot" and as "one of the most significant films in the history of Malayalam cinema". It was a box office superhit. It received a certificate of merit at the National Film Awards.
The film was part of MT's trilogy of political melodramas – the other two being P. Bhaskaran's Iruttinte Athmavu (1967) and Vincent's Asuravithu (1968). Major indoor parts of the film were shot in Satya Studios in Madras and outdoor parts from the premises of Bharathapuzha at shoranur.
- Prem Nazir as Balan
- K. P. Ummer as Aniyan
- Madhu as Kesavankutty
- Sharada as Bhagirathi
- Jyothi Lakshmi as Kochammini
- P. J. Antony as Kunjikrishna Menon
- Sukumari as Mrs.Menon
- Shanta Devi as Madhavi Amma
- Kunjandi as Kuttappa Menon
- Adoor Bhasi
- Murali as Chandran
- S. P. Pillai
- Nellikode Bhaskaran as Veerankutty
- Nilambur Balan as Chathan
- Baby Vrinda as Minikkutty, Menon’s grand daughter
The songs are composed by B. A. Chidambaranath with lyrics by P. Bhaskaran. The songs became popular and is regarded as one of the best works by Chidambaranath. Three of its songs, "Karayunno Puzha Chirikkunno" (by K. J. Yesudas), "Kaliyaakki Enne Kaliyaakki" (by S. Janaki) and "Kadavathu Thoniyadukkumbol" (by S. Janaki and Santha P. Nair became evergreen hits. "Kadavathu Thoniyadukkumbol" was inspired by "Janoo Janoo Ri Kaahe Khanke Tora Kangana" (composer:S D Burman, singers: Geeta Dutt & Asha Bhonsle, film: Insan Jaag Utha (1959), which itself was based on a "chhed chhaad" style folk song. The song "Karayunno Puzha Chirikkunno" was described by The Hindu as one of the greatest melodies of all time in Malayalam cinema.
|1||"Kadavathu Thoni"||S. Janaki, Shantha P. Nair||P. Bhaskaran|
|2||"Kalithozhimarenne Kaliyaakki"||K. J. Yesudas, S. Janaki, Chorus||P. Bhaskaran|
|3||"Kannaaram Pothi"||B. A. Chidambaranath, Latha Raju||P. Bhaskaran|
|4||"Karayunno Puzha"||K. J. Yesudas||P. Bhaskaran|
|5||"Onnaanaam"||Chorus, Shantha P. Nair||P. Bhaskaran|
|7||"Theyavazhi Thamburante"||B. A. Chidambaranath, P. J. Antony||P. Bhaskaran|
The film became a commercial success.
- B. Vijayakumar (30 March 2009). "Murappennu 1965". The Hindu. Retrieved 27 December 2010.
- P.K. Ajith Kumar (16 January 2009). "The evergreen hero". The Hindu. Retrieved 27 December 2010.
- P. K. Ajith Kumar (June 2, 2016). "Murappennu, MT’s first screenplay, turns 50". The Hindu. Retrieved June 30, 2016.
- B. Vijayakumar (21 April 2013). "ASURAVITHU 1968". The Hindu. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
- P.K. Ajith Kumar (22 September 2009). "In flashback mode". The Hindu. Retrieved 27 December 2010.
- "Chidambaranath". Cinema Mangalam: 34, 35. 24 September 2007.
- P.K. Ajith Kumar (2 June 2016). "Murappennu, MT's first screenplay, turns 50". The Hindu. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
- "Remembering the losses". The New Indian Express. 8 December 2009.