Ibn Jurayj

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Ibn Jurayj
Died AH 150 (c. AD 767)
Era Medieval era
Region Hijazi scholar
Religion Islam

Ibn Jurayj (Arabic: ابن جريج‎‎) (died AH 150, c. AD 767) was an Islamic scholar.

He is counted among the Taba' at-Tabi'in and narrated many Isra'iliyat.

Name[edit]

Abd al-Malik ibn Abd al-'Aziz ibn Jurayj (Jurayj is Arabic transliteration of Gregory or George)

Biography[edit]

His father was a Muslim scholar and his grandfather Jurayj (Gregorius, or Georgius) was a Roman Christian. His life is described in Tahdhib al-Tahdhib by Ibn Hajar Asqalani.

He collected hadith in Mecca[1]

One of his most quoted sources is Ata ibn Abi Rabah, his teacher.

Legacy[edit]

According to the testimony of Ibn al-Nadim, ‘Abd ar-Razzaq as-San‘ani and Ibn Abi Shaybah, Ibn Jurayj was at least partially responsible for the standard categories and structure of fiqh works, for example placing a section on 'ibadat' (acts of worship) before 'mu'amalat' (transactions).[2]

Reception[edit]

Sunnis praise him with the title imam. Al-Dhahabi, a 14th century Sunni Islamic scholar writes:

The scholar of Mecca, Abu Walid stated Abdul Malik bin Abdul Aziz bin Jurayj was a servant of the Banu Umayya and was amongst the Fuqaha of Mecca, he has many appellations, and is counted amongst the great ulama, he was born a few years after 70 Hijri, and he met the great Sahaba. Ahmad Ibn Hanbal said "Ibn Jurayj was a treasure of knowledge". Jarir commented that Ibn Jurayj deemed Mut'ah to be permissible, and he contracted Mut'ah with 70 women. Ibn Abdul Hakim stated "heard from Imam Shafi'i says Ibn Jurayj contracted Mut'ah with 90 women".[3]

Abdul Malik Ibn Jurayj was one the great men of knowledge, he was Thiqa (reliable) and authoritative, he performed Mut'ah with seventy women, deeming this practise to be halaal.[4]

Abu Uwana narrated in his Sahih that Ibn Jurayj said in Basra about Mut'ah: "Bear witness that I have reverted back from it (from allowing it)", after he told them 18 narrations that it is okay.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kashf al-zunun, p.637. Ta'ssi al-shi`ah, pp.278-279. Dehkhuda, Loghatnameh, p.298. Taqrib al-tahdhib , p. 333. Wafayat al-a`yan, p.338. Fjr al-Islam, p. 265. [1]
  2. ^ A. Kevin Reinhart, Ritual Action and Practical Action: The Incomprehensibility of Muslim Devotional Action. Taken from Islamic Law in Theory: Studies on Jurisprudence in Honor of Bernard Weiss, pg. 68. Eds. Kevin Reinhart and Robert Gleave. Leiden: Brill Publishers, 2014. ISBN 9789004265196
  3. ^ Tadhkirat al-huffaz Volume 1 pages 170 -171
  4. ^ Tadheeb al Tadheeb of Al-Dhahabi, Volume 6 p. 06
  5. ^ Talkhis al-Habeer, by Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, vol 3, page 160, printed in Medina in 1964.

External links[edit]