Natchez National Historical Park

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Natchez National Historical Park
Melrose, a member of the National Historic Park
Natchez National Historical Park is located in United States
Natchez National Historical Park
Location Natchez, Adams County, Mississippi, USA
Coordinates 31°32′36″N 91°22′59″W / 31.54333°N 91.38306°W / 31.54333; -91.38306Coordinates: 31°32′36″N 91°22′59″W / 31.54333°N 91.38306°W / 31.54333; -91.38306
Area 108.07 acres (0.4373 km2)
Visitation 206,624 (2011)
Governing body National Park Service
NRHP Reference # 01000276[1]
Added to NRHP October 7, 1988

Natchez National Historical Park commemorates the history of Natchez, Mississippi, and is managed by the National Park Service.

The park consists of three separate sites:

Fort Rosalie is the site of a former fortification from the 18th century, built by the French. It was later renamed Fort Panmure and controlled in turn by Great Britain, Spain, and the United States. The fort site is not open to the public.

The William Johnson House was the home of William Johnson, a 19th-century free African American barber and resident of Natchez whose diary has been published.

Melrose was the estate of John T. McMurran, a lawyer, state senator, and planter who lived in Natchez from 1830 until the Civil War.

Both Melrose and the William Johnson House contain furnishings related to life in antebellum Natchez and other exhibits. The collection at Melrose's two-story Greek Revival mansion and its slave quarters include painted floor cloths, mahogany, a punkah, a set of Rococo Revival parlor furniture, a set of Gothic Revival dining room chairs, and bookcases with books dating to the 18th century. These were collected from Natchez families, including the McMurran family. The collection in the Johnson house includes furnishings from his life and family. Archaeological objects found in the park are also on display.

Legal history[edit]

The National Historical Park was authorized on October 7, 1988 (Pub.L. 100–479, H.R. 4457). The William Johnson House was added to it on September 28, 1990 (Pub.L. 101–379, H.R. 4501). As with all historic areas administered by the National Park Service, the park was listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Fort Rosalie was already included in the National Register as part of the 1972 NRHP-listed Natchez Bluffs and Under-the-Hill Historic District; the William Johnson House, at 210 State St., is a few blocks from the Fort Rosalie site and is both separately NRHP-listed and also included in the Natchez On-Top-of-the-Hill Historic District. Melrose is located about two miles southwest of Fort Rosalie.


  1. ^ Staff (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 

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