National Party (Syria)

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National Party
Arabic: حزب الوطني
French: Parti National
Historical leader Shukri al-Quwatli
Founded 1948 (1948)
Dissolved 1963 (1963)
Split from National Bloc
Headquarters Aleppo
Ideology Syrian nationalism
Civic nationalism
Liberal conservatism
Political position Centre-right
International affiliation None
Politics of Syria
Political parties

The National Party (Arabic: حزب الوطنيḤizb Al-Waṭanī) was a Syrian political party founded in 1947. It grew out of the National Bloc, which opposed the Ottomans in Syria and later the French mandate. The party was dissolved in 1963.

A new political movement with the same name but no direct connection to the historical National Party started in 2005. The party grew out of the increase in internet communication and supports the regime of President Bashar Al-Assad.


In 1936, leaders of the National Bloc; (Hashem Al-Atassi, Saadallah al-Jabiri, Lotfi Al Haffar, Jamil Mardam Baik, Shukri al-Quwatli, Nasib al-Bakri, Ibrahim Hananu, Sultan Basha Al-Atrash, Faris Al-Khoury, Saleh Ali, Faisal Najib, Honorary Sami Al Baroudi, Mohamed Alomar) sent a delegation to France to demand independence. The delegation was headed by Hashim Atassi and included Saadallah al-Jabiri, Faris Al-Khouri, Jamil Mardam Bey, Ministers Odmon Humusi and Amir Naim Mustafa al-Shihabi with Antioch as General Secretary.

Two major factions emerged from the National Bloc:

  1. The People's Party led by Rushdie Kikhia and Nazim al-Qudsi
  2. The National Democratic Party led by Shukri al-Quwatli.

The current National Party was re-founded on 30th December 2005, as a result of online communication amongst Syrian Youth. Chat rooms were a key part of this process. The re-founded National Party's ethos is based on that of its original founder Shukri al-Quwatli.



The National Party believes that the first and most important objective for the Syrian people is to achieve is freedom. In many parts of Syria human rights have suffered as a result of dictatorial regimes. The lowest classes were particularly hurt by these policies of deception, ignorance, and intellectual oppression. The belief of the party is that freedom should be sacred and non-conditional; even if that freedom conflicts with the party in its provisions, the party should still work to preserve and strengthen it, because freedom is considered at the basis of all creativity.


The second objective of the party is to enforce justice in order to make Syrian citizens feel safer. The goal is to create a positive state of civil peace and friendship between people, in which every citizen feels that their dignity and their rights are protected.


The party wishes to achieve equality between all ethnic groups, religions, and social classes of the Syrian people. It hopes to bring an end to the heinous acts of the community Calcrqat, as well as fraud and bribery, in order to create a healthy society keeping in line with the scientific progress of other nations.


The party has five basic principles

  1. The first principle - National citizen home
  2. The second principle - Syrian distinguished personal
  3. The third principle - What is not is a Syrian Ghraib
  4. The fourth principle - Syria seeks to serve Syrians and prosperity regardless of their political or intellectual opinions
  5. The fifth principle - The Syrians are free to exercise their wishes and aspirations with the requirement that they do not result in any damage to any other Syrian


The National Party and the President Shukri al-Quwatli's most important role is shaping Syria and building an independent state with its own economy and military coups. But the series initiated with support from the countries surrounding Syria linked to external forces, arguing that the national trend of seeking to marginalize the People's Party calls for unity with the Hashemites, the policy differences Overthrows Vlabt role in the destabilization of the World Stability in Syria


Because of the emergence of the question of Palestine as a central conflict between the major powers (United Kingdom, France, Soviet Union and the United States) and the rise of Gamal Abdel Nasser, a strong hand of nationalists and after Al-Quwatli acquiesced to their demands and gave up the power to Abdel-Nasser, the feeling in the start of the Syrians during the few years extension, persecution and the emergence of the role of security services. During the separation and the nationalist Baathists assumed senior positions in the army Vatahawwa democratic system in response to the process of separation and began to crack down on the national to the full track faded when Hafez al-Assad to amend the constitution and make the Ba'ath Party, the party leader.

Whilst the People's Party was friendly to the interests of Hashemite Jordan and Iraq, the National Party was opposed to them. Both parties were major players in Syrian politics until the 1963 Syrian coup d'état which brought the Ba'ath Party to power and drove most political parties underground.