New Smyrna Beach, Florida
|New Smyrna Beach, Florida|
|City of New Smyrna Beach|
New Smyrna Beach from observation deck on top of Ponce de León Inlet Light
|Nickname(s): "Florida's Secret Pearl"|
|Motto: Cygnus Inter Anates|
Location in Volusia County and the state of Florida
|• Mayor||Jim Hathaway|
|• City manager||Pamela Brangaccio|
|• City||37.9 sq mi (98 km2)|
|• Land||34.6 sq mi (90 km2)|
|• Water||3.2 sq mi (8 km2)|
|Elevation||7 ft (2 m)|
|• Density||648.4/sq mi (250.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP code(s)||32168, 32169, 32170|
|GNIS feature ID||0287692|
New Smyrna Beach is a city in Volusia County, Florida, United States, located on the central east coast of the state, with the Atlantic Ocean to the east. Its population was estimated to be 23,230 in 2013 by the United States Census Bureau. The downtown section of the city is located on the west side of the Indian River and the Indian River Lagoon system. The Coronado Beach Bridge crosses the Intracoastal Waterway just south of Ponce de Leon Inlet, connecting the mainland with the beach on the coastal barrier island.
The surrounding area offers many opportunities for outdoor recreation: these include fishing, sailing, motorboating, golfing and hiking. Visitors participate in water sports of all kinds, including swimming, scuba diving, kitesurfing, and surfing. In July 2009, New Smyrna Beach was ranked number nine on the list of "best surf towns" in Surfer. It was recognized as "one of the world's top 20 surf towns" by National Geographic. in 2012.
The area was first settled by Europeans in 1768, when Scottish physician Dr. Andrew Turnbull, a friend of James Grant, the governor of British East Florida, established the colony of New Smyrna, named after the home town of his father-in-law. No one had previously attempted to settle so many people at one time in a town in North America.
Turnbull recruited about 1300 settlers, intending for them to grow hemp, sugarcane, and indigo, as well as to produce rum, at his plantation on the northeastern Atlantic coast of Florida. The majority of the colonists came from Minorca, one of the Mediterranean Balearic Islands of Spain, and were of Catalan culture and language. Around 500 or so came from Greece.
Although the colony produced relatively large amounts of processed indigo in its first few years of operation, it eventually collapsed after suffering major losses due to insect-borne diseases and Indian raids, and growing tensions caused by mistreatment of the colonists on the part of Turnbull and his overseers. The survivors, about 600 in number, marched nearly 70 miles north on the King's Road and relocated to St. Augustine, where their descendants live to this day. In 1783, East and West Florida were returned to the Spanish, and Turnbull abandoned his colony to retire in Charleston, South Carolina.
The St. Photios Greek Orthodox National Shrine on St. George Street in St. Augustine honors the Greeks among the settlers of New Smyrna; they were the first Greek Orthodox followers in North America. The historical exhibit adjoining the chapel tells the story of their plight, with accompanying exhibits, and of their contributions to the city.
Central Florida remained sparsely populated by white settlers well into the 19th century, and it was frequently raided by Seminole Indians trying to protect their territory. United States troops fought against them in the Seminole Wars, but they were never completely dislodged. During the Civil War in the 1860s, the "Stone Wharf" of New Smyrna was shelled by Union gunboats.
In 1887, when New Smyrna was incorporated, it had a population of 150. In 1892, Henry Flagler provided service to the town via his Florida East Coast Railway. This led to a rapid increase in the area's population. Its economy grew as tourism was added to its citrus and commercial fishing industries.
During Prohibition in the 1920s, the city and its river islands were popular sites for moonshine stills and hideouts for rum-runners, who came from the Bahamas through Mosquito Inlet, now Ponce de León Inlet. "New Smyrna" became "New Smyrna Beach" in 1947, when the city annexed the seaside community of Coronado Beach. Today, it is a resort town of over 20,000 permanent residents.
Like St. Augustine, established by the Spanish, New Smyrna has been under the rule of four "flags": the British, Spanish, United States (from 1821, with ratification of the Adams–Onís Treaty), and the Confederate Jack. After the end of the Civil War in 1865, it returned with Florida to the United States.
See also: New Smyrna Beach Historic District
New Smyrna Beach's motto is cygnus inter anates, which is Latin for "a swan among ducks." The city is located in the so-called "Fun Coast" region of the state of Florida, a regional term created by the Daytona Beach/Halifax area Chamber of Commerce. This coincides with the local area code, 386, which spells FUN on touchtone phones. According to the United States Census Bureau, it has a total area of 37.8 square miles (98.0 km2). 34.6 square miles (89.7 km2) of it is land, and 0.31 square miles (0.8 km2) of it (8.46%) is covered by water. It is bordered by the city of Port Orange to the northwest, unincorporated Volusia County to the north, the census-designated place of Samsula-Spruce Creek to the west, and the cities of Edgewater and Bethune Beach and the Canaveral National Seashore to the south. Bounded on the east by the Atlantic Ocean, New Smyrna Beach is on the Indian River. The city is connected to other parts of the state by Interstate 95, U.S. Route 1, State Road 44, and State Road 442.
Like the rest of Florida north of Lake Okeechobee, New Smyrna Beach has a humid subtropical (Köppen Cfa) climate characterized by hot, humid summers and mild, mostly dry winters. The rainy season lasts from May until October, and the dry season, from November to April. New Smyrna averages only about four frosts per year, and many species of subtropical plants and palms are grown in the area. The city has recorded snowfall only three times in its 250-year history. The summers are long and hot, with frequent severe thunderstorms in the afternoon, as central Florida is the lightning capital of North America. Winters are pleasant with frequent sunny skies and dry weather.
Weather hazards include hurricanes from June until November, though direct hits are rare. Hurricane Charley exited over New Smyrna Beach on August 13, 2004, after crossing the state in a northeastern direction from its initial landfall in Punta Gorda. The storm caused extensive damage to the beachside portion of the city, and toppled many historic oak trees in the downtown area and along historic Flagler Avenue.
|Climate data for New Smyrna Beach, Florida (Daytona Beach Area), 1981–2010 normal temperatures|
|Record high °F (°C)||92
|Average high °F (°C)||68.7
|Average low °F (°C)||47.2
|Record low °F (°C)||15
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||2.74
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||7.5||7.3||8.2||5.8||6.8||13.3||12.8||14.0||13.5||10.6||7.7||7.5||115|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||217||224||279||270||279||270||279||279||240||217||210||217||2,981|
|Source #1: NOAA (extremes 1937–present)|
|Source #2: The Weather Channel|
As of the census of 2010, 22,464 people, 11,074 households, and 6,322 families resided in the city. The population density was 724.1 inhabitants per square mile (279.5/km2). The 16,647 housing units averaged 491.9 per square mile (189.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.8% White, 5.9% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 2.8% of the population.
Of the 11,074 households, 14.8% had own children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.1% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.9% were not families. About 35.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.01 and the average family size was 2.54.
In the city, the population was distributed as 13.9% under the age of 18, 3.6% from 20 to 24, 17.9% from 25 to 44, 31.3% from 45 to 64, and 31.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 54.3 years. Females were 52.1% of the population, and males were 47.9%.
The median income for a household in the city was $49,625, and for a family was $62,267. Males had a median income of $38,132 versus $32,087 for females. The per capita income for the city was $31,013. About 10.9% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.9% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over.
All public education is run by Volusia County Schools.
- Chisholm Elementary
- Coronado Beach Elementary
- Read-Pattillo Elementary
- Sacred Heart School (private)
- New Smyrna Beach Middle School
- Sacred Heart School (private Catholic)
Named one of "America's Top Small Cities for the Arts", New Smyrna Beach is home to the Atlantic Center for the Arts, an artists-in-residence community and educational facility, the Harris House, the Little Theatre, and a gallery of fine arts, Arts on Douglas. Arts shows featuring visual and performing arts occur throughout the year.
According to the International Shark Attack File maintained by the University of Florida, in 2007, Volusia County had more confirmed shark bites than any other region in the world. Experts from the university have referred to the county as having the "dubious distinction as the world's shark-bite capital". The trend continued in 2008, during which time the town broke its own record, with 24 shark bites. An Orlando Sentinel photographer shot a picture of a four-foot spinner shark jumping over a surfer, a reversal of "jumping the shark". Sharks bit three different surfers on September 18, 2016, in the span of a few hours at the same beach.
Elected city government officials include:
- James W. "Jim" Hathaway – Mayor
- Judy Reiker – Zone 1 Commissioner
- Jake Sachs – Zone 2 Commissioner
- Jason McGuirk – Zone 3 Commissioner
- Kirk Jones – Zone 4 Commissioner
- Joseph Barbara – actor best known for the soap opera Another World
- Emory L. Bennett – United States Army soldier in the Korean War, Medal of Honor winner
- The Beu Sisters – music recording artists
- Joyce Cusack – Florida politician and retired registered nurse
- Suzanne Kosmas – Former U.S. Representative for Florida's 24th congressional district
- Jimmy McMillan – political activist, perennial candidate, Vietnam War veteran, and founder of the Rent is Too Damn High political party
- Walter M. Miller, Jr. – author of A Canticle for Liebowitz
- Jack Mitchell – photographer and author of dance and iconic artist images
- Jim Parsley – American stock car racing driver
- Bob Ross – American painter, art instructor, and television host
- Perry Baker – professional rugby player with the United States national rugby sevens team
- Dallas Baker – University of Florida alumnus, and professional football wide receiver; current assistant football coach at Warner University
- Wes Chandler – University of Florida alumnus, and professional football player in the National Football League (NFL) for 11 seasons during the 1970s and 1980s
- Laura Brown – former American college and professional golfer
- Eric Geiselman – professional surfer  with the world surf league 
- Dallas Baker – University of Florida alumnus, and professional football wide receiver; current assistant football coach at Warner University
- Chris Isaac – former quarterback with the Ottawa Rough Riders of the Canadian Football League
- Raheem Mostert – football running back and kickoff returner for the Philadelphia Eagles of the NFL
- Duffy Waldorf - professional golfer, former member of the PGA Tour who plays on the Champions Tour
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Quickfacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 2014. Check date values in:
- Urbanized Areas, 2010. United States Census Bureau. 2010-04-01. Retrieved 2012-03-16.
- "New Smyrna Beach (city), Florida". U.S. Census Bureau, State & County QuickFacts. Retrieved December 2014. Check date values in:
- Surfer. "Best Surf Towns: No. 9 New Smyrna, Florida". Surfer Magazine. GrindMedia. Archived from the original on March 28, 2013. Retrieved November 14, 2013.
Smyrna Inlet is easily the most consistent break along Florida's 1,200+ miles of surfable coastline, and likely the most performance-friendly.
- National Geographic Magazine. "World's 20 Best Surf Towns". National Geographic Adventure Trips. National Geographic Society. Archived from the original on November 3, 2013. Retrieved November 14, 2013.
- Kenneth Henry Beeson (2006). Fromajadas and Indigo: The Minorcan Colony in Florida. The History Press. p. 42. ISBN 978-1-59629-113-3. Cite error: Invalid
<ref>tag; name "Beeson2006" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
- Jane G. Landers (2000). Colonial Plantations and Economy in Florida. University Press of Florida. pp. 41–42. ISBN 978-0-8130-1772-3.
- James W. Raab (November 5, 2007). Spain, Britain and the American Revolution in Florida, 1763–1783. McFarland. pp. 53–54. ISBN 978-0-7864-3213-4.
- Bernard Romans (1776). A concise natural history of East and West-Florida. pp. 268–270.
- Federal Writers' Project (1939). Florida: A Guide to the Southern-Most State. US History Publishers. p. 543. ISBN 978-1-60354-009-4.
- Patricia C. Griffin (1991). Mullet on the Beach: The Minorcans of Florida, 1768–1788. St. Augustine Historical Society. p. 195. ISBN 978-0-8130-1074-8.
- Landers 2000, p. 62
- Roger Grange, "Saving Eighteenth-Century New Smyrna: Public Archaeology in Action." Present Pasts vol 3 #1 (2011). online
- ""Episode 08 European Earthenware" by Robert Cassanello and Chip Ford". stars.library.ucf.edu. Retrieved 2016-01-10.
- "The Saint Photios Greek Orthodox Chapel". St. Photios National Shrine. Archived from the original on December 2, 2013. Retrieved December 25, 2013.
- Peter C. Moskos; Charles C. Moskos (November 27, 2013). Greek Americans: Struggle and Success. Transaction Publishers. p. 16. ISBN 978-1-4128-5310-1.
- "Classical Latin: CYGNUS INTER ANATES". Latin R. Latinr.com.
English translations of common Latin phrases...
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): New Smyrna Beach city, Florida". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 15, 2012.
- National Park Service. "Fire Management" (PDF). Canaveral National Seashore. U.S. Department of the Interior. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
- "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2012-02-27.
- "Monthly Averages for New Smyrna Beach, FL". Retrieved 2013-11-13.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- "Surfscape Contemporary Dance Theatre". New Smyrna Beach Observer. October 13, 2012. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
- ISAF 2007 Worldwide Shark Attack Summary (2007). "Death Total Lowest in Two Decades". International Shark Attack File. Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida. Archived from the original on October 7, 2013. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
- Cathy Keen; George Burgess (February 12, 2008). "Human deaths from shark attacks hit 20-year low last year" (PDF). University of Florida News. University of Florida. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 14, 2009. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
Within Florida, Volusia County continued its dubious distinction as the world's shark bite capital with 17 incidents, its highest yearly total since 2002, Burgess said.
- Ludmilla Lelis (February 20, 2009). "Volusia again claims shark-bite record". Orlando Sentinel. Archived from the original on March 1, 2010. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
- Ramsess, Akili C. (June 25, 2011), "Shark jumps over surfer at New Smyrna Beach", Florida360, Orlando Sentinel, retrieved June 28, 2011
- Steinmetz, Katy (June 28, 2011), "Amazing Video: 'Spinner' Shark Flies Over Surfer", Newsfeed, Time, retrieved June 28, 2011
- 3 surfers bitten by sharks at Florida beach, Fox News, September 19, 2016, source also contains "Unprovoked Shark Attacks in the US" data for 1837 to 2016, with another link
- Grange, Roger. "Saving Eighteenth-Century New Smyrnea: Public Archaeology in Action." Present Pasts vol 3 #1 (2011). online
- Panagopoulos, Epaminondas P. "The Background of the Greek Settlers in the New Smyrna Colony." Florida Historical Quarterly 35.2 (1956): 95–115. in JSTOR
- Panagopoulos, Epaminondas P. New Smyrna: An Eighteenth Century Greek Odyssey (University of Florida Press, 1966)
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