Miyun District

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Miyun
密云区
District
Simatai Great Wall
Simatai Great Wall
Location of Miyun County in Beijing
Location of Miyun County in Beijing
Coordinates: 40°22′28″N 116°50′22″E / 40.37444°N 116.83944°E / 40.37444; 116.83944Coordinates: 40°22′28″N 116°50′22″E / 40.37444°N 116.83944°E / 40.37444; 116.83944
Country People's Republic of China
Municipality Beijing
Township-level divisions 3 subdistricts
17 towns
1 township
Area
 • Total 2,227 km2 (860 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 460,800
 • Density 210/km2 (540/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 101500
Area code(s) 0010
Website bjmy.gov.cn

Miyun District (simplified Chinese: 密云区; traditional Chinese: 密雲區; pinyin: Mìyún Qū) is situated in northeast Beijing. It has an area of 2,227 square kilometres (860 sq mi) and a population of 460,800 (2010 Census). The district is divided into 2 subdistricts of the city of Miyun, 17 towns, and 1 ethnic rural township.

The Miyun urban area, centered on Gulou Subdistrict, has an estimated population of 124,500.[1]

The district's facilities include the Nanshan Ski Resort, one of the largest in the country.[1] The Miyun Reservoir, a major source of water for the city of Beijing, is also located in the county.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Gulou Subdistrict in 2015.
A passenger train arriving Miyun North Railway Station.

There are 3 subdistricts, 17 towns, and 1 townships which carry the "area" (地区) label in the district:[2][3]

Name Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010)[4] Area (km2)
Gulou Subdistrict 鼓楼街道 Gǔlóu Jiēdào 104,479 1.60
Guoyuan Subdistrict 果园街道 Guǒyuán Jiēdào 52,840 7.55
Tanying Area 檀营地区 Tányíng Dìqū 7,571 2.73
Miyun Town 密云镇 Mìyún Zhèn 18,722 24.00
Xiwengzhuang Town 溪翁庄镇 Xīwēng Zhèn 19,811 87.90
Xitiangezhuang Town 西田各庄镇 Xītiángèzhuāng Zhèn 36,056 129.60
Shilibao Town 十里堡镇 Shílǐbǎo Zhèn 25,086 30.80
Henanzhai Town 河南寨镇 Hénánzhài Zhèn 24,067 66.70
Jugezhuang Town 巨各庄镇 Jùgèzhuāng Zhèn 23,017 107.80
Mujiayu Town 穆家峪镇 Mùjiāyù Zhèn 33,145 102.80
Taishitun Town 太师屯镇 Tàishītún Zhèn 27,311 202.00
Gaoling Town 高岭镇 Gāolǐng Zhèn 14,186 111.40
Bulaotun Town 不老屯镇 Bùlǎotún Zhèn 15,810 193.20
Fengjiayu Town 冯家峪镇 Féngjiāyù Zhèn 6,640 214.25
Gubeikou Town 古北口镇 Gǔběikǒu Zhèn 7,932 84.71
Dachengzi Town 大城子镇 Dàchéngzi Zhèn 11,648 144.00
Dongshaoqu Town 东邵渠镇 Dōngshàoqú Zhèn 12,276 109.30
Beizhuang Town 北庄镇 Běizhuāng Zhèn 7,769 83.70
Xinchengzi Town 新城子镇 Xīnchéngzi Zhèn 7,993 176.50
Shicheng Town 石城镇 Shíchéng Zhèn 5,453 252.80


No Chinese, China[edit]

No Chinese, China or English Town, Miyun County, China was a proposed English speaking town in Miyun County, Beijing, China with the intention of attracting tourists until December 2011. The site was expected to be at least 60 hectares of land situated northeast of Beijing according to Wang Haichen, county chief of Miyun County. "According to the plan, people can't talk in Chinese inside the walled-city".[5] The original plan would have required a "tourist passport" to enter the town.[6]

As of December 2011, the Global Times of China has reported that "... Miyun County announced on Saturday [December 17, 2011] that it quashed plans to build a 780,000-square meter English speaking only town." Furthermore, "...'[t]he project was meaningless, the investing company was probably trying to create land speculation by making the announcement,' said Chu Zhaohui".[7]

Issues and controversy[edit]

Like Disneyland, the "English-language town" could be an interesting place, "but I don't think the town would help people improve their English. It is not an environment for learning foreign languages," Hou said.

Learning a language requires a series of social conditions, the most important of which is the exchange of feelings and ideas, Hou said, noting that the dialogue between buyers and sellers is far from adequate.[6]

The issues with such a plan are as follows:

  • An "English-only policy" would exclude much of the population who could not speak English
  • Resources in the city would be drained and not benefit the local community as Chinese would not be allowed to be spoken inside the city. Ironically, English learners in the city would not benefit because they cannot learn English without using Chinese
  • The plan would not be profitable as this would not be an effective way to learn English.
  • It demonstrates the "worship of foreigners" and discrimination against Chinese

According to the Beijing News, the plan received "overwhelming criticism."[8]

Investment[edit]

According to the article, "... the Linda International Investment Group... had signed a 10 billion yuan investment during the 15th Beijing-Hong Kong Economic Cooperation Symposium."[7]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Beijing Nanshan ski village
  2. ^ These townships are officially classified as subdistricts, but as they coincide with the area of the same name, they are commonly named "areas" (地区)
  3. ^ 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:昂昂溪区 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013-06-28. 
  4. ^ shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2. 
  5. ^ China: English-only European town in Beijing Suburb 
  6. ^ a b Beijing's controversial "English-language town" abandoned 
  7. ^ a b Miyun pulls plug on English town 
  8. ^ Beijing to Build European-style Town Banning Chinese Language 

External links[edit]

Media related to Miyun County at Wikimedia Commons