Transnational Radical Party

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Transnational Radical Party
Founded 1989
Type Non-profit
NGO
Headquarters Rome
Location
  • Worldwide
Services Media attention, direct-appeal campaigns, research, lobbying
Fields Protecting and promoting human rights, freedom of choice, civil and political rights
Members
2,000 (2007)
Key people
Marco Pannella, Emma Bonino, Marco Cappato, Chris Davies
Website radicalparty.org

The Transnational Radical Party (TRP) or Nonviolent Radical Party, Transnational and Transparty is a political association of citizens, members of parliament and members of government of various national and political backgrounds who intend to use nonviolent means to create an effective body of international law with respect for individuals and the affirmation of democracy and freedom throughout the world. The party, as such, does not participate in elections.

The TRP, which is the direct evolution of the Italian Radical Party (1955–89) and shall not to be confused with the once-connected Italian Radicals party (founded in 2001), is a non-governmental organization (NGO) at the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) of the United Nations since 1995, listed in the general consultative status' category.[1]

The party often advocates for the international use of the language Esperanto in its literature.[2]

History[edit]

Background, foundation and first 25 years[edit]

The TRP's forerunner, the Radical Party (PR), was established in 1955 by a left-wing splinter group from the centre-right Italian Liberal Party (PLI).

In 1989 the PR was transformed into the TRP. In 1992 the Radicals formed, at the Italian-level, the Pannella List, as its most senior figure was Marco Pannella. In 1999 the List used the electoral label Bonino List, named after Emma Bonino. In 2001 the Radicals in Italy formed the Italian Radicals (RI).

In 1995 the party was granted the general consultative status at the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) and Olivier Dupuis was elected secretary.

In 2003 Dupuis resigned from secretary because of serious political differences with Pannella. The party was latter provisionally run by a committee, known as the "Senate" (Senato), led by Pannella and composed of the leading members of the party. In 2011–2014 Demba Traoré served briefly as secretary.

Recent events: split with the Italian Radicals[edit]

In September 2016, after Pannella's death in May, the party's congress, with 178 votes in favour, 79 against and 13 abstentions on the final resolution:

  • set three main goals (1. affirmation of the rule of law and the human right of knowledge; 2. justice reform in Italy, including pardon, amnesty, abolition of the article 41-bis prison regime and of life sentences; 3. formation of the United States of Europe, inspired on the Ventotene Manifesto);
  • set a membership target of 3,000 members for 2017 (to be confirmed in 2018) in order to pay for the party's debts, otherwise the TRP would be dissolved;
  • suspended the party's organs (president, secretary, treasurer, senate, etc.), with the exception of the congress;
  • elected a collective leadership led by Rita Bernardini, Antonella Casu, Sergio D'Elia and Maurizio Turco.[3][4]

The minority faction was led by Bonino and Marco Cappato, who, in turn, controlled the RI,[5][6] as confirmed in their November 2016 congress.[7][8] In February 2017 the TRP severed its links with the RI (who were accused of boycotting the TRP), and the latter could no longer use the Radical headquarters.[9][10][11][12][13]

Leadership[edit]

The 2016 congress elected a collective Presidency, composed of the following members: Matteo Angioli, Angiolo Bandinelli, Marco Beltrandi, Rita Bernardini (coordinator), Maurizio Bolognetti, Antonella Casu (coordinator), Antonio Cerrone, Deborah Cianfanelli, Maria Antonietta Coscioni, Sergio D'Elia (coordinator), Mariano Giustino, Giuseppe Rippa, Giuseppe Rossodivita, Irene Testa, Maurizio Turco (coordinator and legal representative), Valter Vecellio, and Elisabetta Zamparutti.[14]

Members[edit]

This is a list of TRP prominent members and former members:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]