Transnational Radical Party
|Services||Media attention, direct-appeal campaigns, research, lobbying|
|Fields||Protecting and promoting human rights, freedom of choice, civil and political rights|
|Marco Pannella, Emma Bonino, Marco Cappato, Chris Davies|
The Transnational Radical Party (TRP) or Nonviolent Radical Party, Transnational and Transparty is a political association of citizens, members of parliament and members of government of various national and political backgrounds who intend to use nonviolent means to create an effective body of international law with respect for individuals and the affirmation of democracy and freedom throughout the world. The party, as such, does not participate in elections.
The TRP, which is the direct evolution of the Italian Radical Party (1955–89) and shall not to be confused with the once-connected Italian Radicals party (founded in 2001), is a non-governmental organization (NGO) at the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) of the United Nations since 1995, listed in the general consultative status' category.
Background, foundation and first 25 years
In 1989 the PR was transformed into the TRP. In 1992 the Radicals formed, at the Italian-level, the Pannella List, as its most senior figure was Marco Pannella. In 1999 the List used the electoral label Bonino List, named after Emma Bonino. In 2001 the Radicals in Italy formed the Italian Radicals (RI).
In 2003 Dupuis resigned from secretary because of serious political differences with Pannella. The party was latter provisionally run by a committee, known as the "Senate" (Senato), led by Pannella and composed of the leading members of the party. In 2011–2014 Demba Traoré served briefly as secretary.
Recent events: split with the Italian Radicals
In September 2016, after Pannella's death in May, the party's congress, with 178 votes in favour, 79 against and 13 abstentions on the final resolution:
- set three main goals (1. affirmation of the rule of law and the human right of knowledge; 2. justice reform in Italy, including pardon, amnesty, abolition of the article 41-bis prison regime and of life sentences; 3. formation of the United States of Europe, inspired on the Ventotene Manifesto);
- set a membership target of 3,000 members for 2017 (to be confirmed in 2018) in order to pay for the party's debts, otherwise the TRP would be dissolved;
- suspended the party's organs (president, secretary, treasurer, senate, etc.), with the exception of the congress;
- elected a collective leadership led by Rita Bernardini, Antonella Casu, Sergio D'Elia and Maurizio Turco.
The minority faction was led by Bonino and Marco Cappato, who, in turn, controlled the RI, as confirmed in their November 2016 congress. In February 2017 the TRP severed its links with the RI (who were accused of boycotting the TRP), and the latter could no longer use the Radical headquarters.
- Secretary: Sergio Stanzani (1989–1993), Emma Bonino (1993–1995), Olivier Dupuis (1995–2003), Demba Traoré (2011–2014)
- President: Emma Bonino (1989–1993), Marco Pannella (1993–1995), Jean-François Hory (1995–2002), Sergio Stanzani (2002–2011)
- Treasurer: Paolo Vigevano (1989–1993), Ottavio Lavaggi (1993–1995), Danilo Quinto (1995–2005), Maurizio Turco (2005–2016)
The 2016 congress elected a collective Presidency, composed of the following members: Matteo Angioli, Angiolo Bandinelli, Marco Beltrandi, Rita Bernardini (coordinator), Maurizio Bolognetti, Antonella Casu (coordinator), Antonio Cerrone, Deborah Cianfanelli, Maria Antonietta Coscioni, Sergio D'Elia (coordinator), Mariano Giustino, Giuseppe Rippa, Giuseppe Rossodivita, Irene Testa, Maurizio Turco (coordinator and legal representative), Valter Vecellio, and Elisabetta Zamparutti.
This is a list of TRP prominent members and former members:
- Marco Pannella, former Italian Member of the European Parliament;
- Emma Bonino, former Italian Member of the European Parliament, European Commissioner and Italian Minister;
- Marco Cappato, former Italian Member of the European Parliament;
- Gianfranco Dell'Alba, former Italian Member of the European Parliament;
- Benedetto Della Vedova, Italian Undersecretary and former Italian Member of the European Parliament;
- Olivier Dupuis, former Italian Member of the European Parliament;
- Maurizio Turco, former Italian Member of the European Parliament;
- David Borden, Executive Director of DRCNet;
- Enver Can, President of the Eastern Turkistan National Congress;
- Chris Davies, former British Member of the European Parliament;
- Wei Jingsheng, President of the Chinese Overseas Coalition for Democracy;
- Oumar Khambiev, former Chechen Minister;
- Kok Ksor, President of the Montagnard Foundation, Inc.;
- Pandeli Majko, former Albanian Prime Minister;
- Quan Nguyen, President of the International Committee for the Nonviolent in Vietnam;
- Arben Xaferi, Chairman of the Democratic Party of Albanians in the Republic of Macedonia;
- Vanida Tephsouvan, Executive Director of the Lao Movement of Human Rights;
- Arnold S. Trebach, President International Antiprohibitionist League;
- Vo Van Ai, President of the Vietnam Committee for Human Rights.
- Radicalism (historical)
- Italian Radicals (disambiguation)
- Liberalism and radicalism in Italy
- database of NGO's with consultative status at un.org
- The International Politics of Esperanto at the Nitobe Center for Language Democracy