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USS Northampton (CA-26)
|Operators:||United States Navy|
|Preceded by:||Pensacola class|
|Succeeded by:||Portland class|
|Displacement:||9,050 long tons (9,200 t)|
|Length:||600 ft 3 in (182.96 m)|
|Beam:||66 ft 1 in (20.14 m)|
|Draft:||16 ft 4 in (4.98 m)|
|Speed:||32.5 knots (60.2 km/h; 37.4 mph)|
The Northamptons saw much action in World War II. Three (Northampton, Chicago, and Houston) were lost during the war. The other three were decommissioned soon after the end of the war, and scrapped in 1959–1961.
The design of the ships was heavily influenced by the Washington Naval Treaty, which limited cruisers to a maximum of 10,000 tons displacement and a maximum main battery caliber of 8 inches (203 mm). The Northamptons were a reaction to the weight and cost of the immediately preceding Pensacola class, differing in several ways. The Pensacolas mounted a main battery of 10 8-inch (203 mm) guns in four turrets, a twin and superfiring triple fore and aft. In contrast, the Northamptons mounted 9 8-inch (203 mm) guns in three triple turrets, two forward and one aft, the layout followed in all subsequent U.S. heavy cruisers.
Although armor was increased, the Northamptons turned out to be lighter than the Pensacolas, and nearly 1,000 tons below the treaty limitations. Freeboard was increased in the Northamptons by adopting a high forecastle, which was extended aft in the last three for use as flagships. These ships were also the first U.S. ships to adopt a hangar for aircraft, and bunks instead of hammocks. Their lighter than expected weight caused them to roll excessively, which necessitated the fitting of deep bilge keels. The immediately following Portland class was essentially a modified Northampton.
Ships in class
|Ship Name||Hull No.||Builder||Commission–
|Northampton||CA-26||Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Fore River Shipyard, Quincy, Massachusetts||17 May 1930 - Sunk in the Battle of Tassafaronga, 30 November 1942|
|Chester||CA-27||New York Shipbuilding Corporation, Camden, New Jersey||24 June 1930 - 10 June 1946|
|Louisville||CA-28||Puget Sound Navy Yard||15 January 1931 - 17 June 1946|
|Chicago||CA-29||Mare Island Naval Shipyard||9 March 1931 - Sunk during the Battle of Rennell Island, 30 January 1943|
|Houston||CA-30||Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company||17 June 1930 - Sunk in the Battle of Sunda Strait, 1 March 1942|
|Augusta||CA-31||Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company||30 January 1931 - 16 July 1946|
- Silverstone, Paul H (1965). US Warships of World War II. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-773-9.
- Note1 – the Nothamptons were originally fitted with four 1.1 in auto cannons in quad mounts at the start of the war in the Pacific and for the first year of that war and then replaced with Bofors. "Waiting for the Main Attack", Fighting For MacArthur, John Gordon, Naval Institute Press, 2011, ISBN 978-1-61251-057-6, p. 67
- Note2 In addition they had special water cooled .50 caliber machine guns instead of Oerlikon 20mm guns which were fitted later in the war.
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