Olive skin is a human skin color spectrum. It is often associated with pigmentation in the Type IV to Type V range of the Fitzpatrick scale. It generally refers to light or moderate brown, brownish, or tannish skin, and it is often described as having greenish, yellowish, or golden undertones. However, lighter olive skin on the lower end of the Type IV coloration range may be less brownish and can in fact become somewhat pale if it receives too little sun exposure, though lighter olive skin still tans easier than fair skin and generally still retains notable yellow or greenish undertones.
Type IV coloration is frequent among populations from the Mediterranean, such as in Southern Europe, and parts of Mexico, Central and South America. It corresponds with moderate brown, typical Mediterranean skin tones. This skin tone rarely burns and tans easily.
Type V coloration is frequent among populations from the Middle East, the Mediterranean, parts of Africa, and Western Asia. It corresponds with darker brown, Middle Eastern skin tones. This skin tone is minimally reactive to ultraviolet radiation, rarely or very rarely burns, and tans quite easily.
- Human skin color
- Brown (racial classification)
- Bronze (racial classification)
- Mediterranean race
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