Ijaw States, including Opobo
|• Amanyanabo||Daneson Douglas Jaja V|
|Time zone||WAT (UTC+1)|
Opobo is a city-state in the southern region of Nigeria. The state was founded in 1870. A greater part of the city state is still referred to as Opobo in Rivers State. Opobo is made up of several Islands and communities, mainly Opobo Town, Queenstown, Kalasunju, Oloma, Ayaminimah, Iloma, Minimah, Okpukpo, Iwoma, Ekereborokiri, Kalaibiama, and Epellema while a part of the city state is now in Akwa Ibom State, made up of Ikot Abasi, Kampa. The main language spoken in Opobo is the Igbo language.
Opobo was to the east of the Kingdom of Bonny. Both Bonny and Opobo are of the same origin. An Igbo man (turned Ibani) called Jubo Jubogha (known as "Ja-Ja" to Europeans) led the Anna Pepple house (Wari) of Bonny. In 1870, Jaja arrived in Opobo from Bonny, moving due to a dispute with chief Oko Jumbo, the leader of the rival Manilla Pepple family (Wari). Jaja was accommodated by the Nkoro leader, King Kpokpo and formed what he called "Kingdom of Opobo" which he named after Amanyanabo Opubo "Pepple" Perekule the Great, a Pepple King in Bonny that reigned from 1792 to 1830.
Jubo Jubogha became involved in palm oil trading with Europeans. He started a trading post at Opobo Town, close to Ikot Abasi 4 miles southwest of the Opobo River. The European traders called him King Jaja. Jubo Jubogha was never on good terms with Ngwa people to the north, Annang and the Ibibio to the east, as Jaja declared himself as the middle-man in palm Oil trading, thus asking them to stop trading directly with the European. This resulted in a war (Ikot Udo Obong War) between Jaja and the Annang and Ibuno people as recorded by Nair. In 1887, he was deceived when he was told to go and negotiate with the Queen of England by the British and sent on exile to Saint Vincent in the West Indies.
The rulers of Opobo were:
|25 December 1870||September 1887||Jubo Jubogha "Jaja I" (b. 1821 - d. 1891)|
|September 1887||1891||Perekule (chairman Council of Chiefs)|
|1891||1893||"Cookey Gam" (political agent)|
|1893||12 October 1915||Obiesigha Jaja II (Frederick Sunday)|
|1916||1936||Dipiri (Arthur Mac Pepple)|
|1936||1942||Sodienye Jaja III (1st time) (Douglas Mac Pepple) (d. 1980)|
|1942||1946||Stephen Ubogu Jaja IV (acting)|
|1952||31 July 1980||Sodienye Jaja III (2nd time) (Douglas Mac Pepple)|
|1 October 2004||Dandeson Douglas Jaja V (b. 1947)|
- Kenneth Minimah, Commander of the Federal Republic, CFR (Born 7 February 1959) is a Nigerian infantry soldier and the incumbent Nigerian Army Chief of Army Staff, COAS
- ['Christian C. Adafe-Jaja't] The first network administrator(Born 15 April 1981 in Opobo)Currently a member of the Apostolic church Nigeria.
- "Ikot Abasi". Encyclopædia Britannica. 9 January 2009. Retrieved 8 October 2014.
- "About Opobo". Opoboregatta.com. Retrieved 8 October 2014.
- G. I. Jones (2001). The trading states of the oil rivers: a study of political development in Eastern Nigeria. James Currey Publishers. p. 15ff. ISBN 0-85255-918-6.
- Cf. Nair, 1972, page 183
- "Traditional States of Nigeria". World Statesmen. Retrieved 2010-10-17.
- Annang Heritage Preservation, article on Annang
- Britannica article on Ikot Abasi
- Nair, Kannan K. (1972). Politics and Society in South Eastern Nigeria 1841-1906, Frank Cass, London.
- "Pictures of Ikot Abasi". Picsearch. Retrieved 2010-10-17.
- Burns, Alan. History of Nigeria, George Allen & Unwin, 1929.
- Dike, Kenneth O. Trade and Politics in the Niger Delta, 1830-1885, Oxford University Press, 1956.