Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas

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Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas
سازمان چريک‌های فدايی خلق ايران
Abbreviation OIPFG[1]
Founded late 1963 initial activity[2]
April 1971 as the unified organization[1]
Dissolved June 1980[3]
Merger of Jazani-Ẓarifi Group and Aḥmadzāda-Puyān-Meftāḥi Group[1]
Succeeded by Organization of Iranian People's Fedaian (Majority)
Fedaian Organisation (Minority)
Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas
Headquarters Tehran, Iran
Newspaper Kar[3]
Ideology Marxism-Leninism
Political position Far-left[4]
Colors      Red
Party flag
Flag of the Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas (Red).svg
Flag of the Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas (White).svg
Participant in Black September, Iranian Revolution, Iran hostage crisis, Consolidation of the Iranian Revolution
Active 1971–1976[5]
1977[6]–1980
Groups Urban team, rural team[2]
Leaders Hamid Ashraf  (KIA)
Ashraf Dehghani  (POW)
Strength 3,000 (estimate)[4]
Allies
Battles and wars Siahkal incident

The Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas (OIPFG; Persian: سازمان چريک‌های فدايی خلق ايران‎, translit. Sāzmān-e čerikhā-ye Fadāʾi-e ḵalq-e Irān‎), simply known as Fadaiyan-e-Khalq (Persian: فداییان خلق‎, translit. Fadāʾiān-e ḵalq, lit. 'Popular Selfsacrificers'‎)[6] was a Marxist-Leninist underground guerrilla organization in Iran.[1]

Ideology[edit]

Ideologically, the group pursued an Anti-imperialist agenda and embraced armed propaganda to justify its revolutionary armed struggle against Iran's monarchy system,[8] and believed in Materialism.[5] They rejected reformism, and were inspired by thoughts of Mao Zedong, Che Guevara, and Régis Debray.[3]

They criticized the National Front and the Liberation Movement as "Petite bourgeoisie paper organizations still preaching the false hope of peaceful change".[2] Fedai Guerrillas initially criticized the Soviet Union and the Tudeh Party as well, however they later abandoned the stance as a result of cooperation with the socialist camp.[3]

Bijan Jazani, known as the "intellectual father" of the organization, contributed to its ideology by writing a a series of pamphlets such as "Struggle against the Shah's Dictatorship", "What a Revolutionary Must Know" and "How the Armed Struggle Will Be Transformed into a Mass Struggle?". The pamphlets were followed by Masoud Ahmadzadeh's treatise "Armed Struggle: Both a Strategy and a Tactic" and "The Necessity of Armed Struggle and the Rejection of the Theory of Survival" by Amir Parviz Pouyan.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Vahabzadeh, Peyman (28 March 2016) [7 December 2015]. "FADĀʾIĀN-E ḴALQ". In Yarshater, Ehsan. Encyclopædia Iranica. Bibliotheca Persica Press. Retrieved 1 August 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d Abrahamian, Ervand (1982). Iran Between Two Revolutions. Princeton University Press. pp. 483–9. ISBN 0-691-10134-5. 
  3. ^ a b c d Ḥaqšenās, Torāb (27 October 2011) [15 December 1992]. "COMMUNISM iii. In Persia after 1953". In Yarshater, Ehsan. Encyclopædia Iranica. Fasc. 1. VI. New York City: Bibliotheca Persica Press. pp. 105–112. Retrieved 12 September 2016. 
  4. ^ a b Donald Newton Wilber (2014). Iran, Past and Present: From Monarchy to Islamic Republic. Princeton University Press. p. 344. ISBN 1400857473. 
  5. ^ a b Mahmood T. Davari (2004). The Political Thought of Ayatollah Murtaza Mutahhari: An Iranian Theoretician of the Islamic State. Routledge. p. 61. ISBN 978-1-134-29488-6. 
  6. ^ a b Hiro, Dilip (2013). "Fedai Khalq". A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Middle East. Interlink Publishing. pp. 483–9. ISBN 9781623710330. 
  7. ^ a b c Arie Perliger, William L. Eubank (2006), "Terrorism in Iran and Afghanistan: The Seeds of the Global Jihad", Middle Eastern Terrorism, Infobase Publishing, pp. 41–42, ISBN 9781438107196 
  8. ^ Vahabzadeh, Peyman (2010). Guerrilla Odyssey: Modernization, Secularism, Democracy, and the Fadai Period of National Liberation In Iran, 1971–1979. Syracuse University Press. p. 100.