Owstwick

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Owstwick
Quaker Road, Owstwick.jpg
Quaker Road, Owstwick
Owstwick is located in East Riding of Yorkshire
Owstwick
Owstwick
Owstwick shown within the East Riding of Yorkshire
OS grid reference TA272327
• London 155 mi (249 km) S
Civil parish
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HULL
Postcode district HU12
Dialling code 01964
Police Humberside
Fire Humberside
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°46′31″N 0°04′15″W / 53.775412°N 0.070755°W / 53.775412; -0.070755Coordinates: 53°46′31″N 0°04′15″W / 53.775412°N 0.070755°W / 53.775412; -0.070755

Owstwick is a hamlet in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England, in an area known as Holderness. It is situated approximately 11 miles (18 km) east of Kingston upon Hull city centre and 5 miles (8 km) north-west of Withernsea. It lies to the west of the B1242 road. The hamlet forms part of the civil parish of Roos.

History[edit]

During the Saxon period Owstwick had its own thane, called Hoste (later corrupted to Owst). The Domesday Book lists the settlement name as "Hostewic" and "Ostewic", under the manors and lords of Kilnsea and Hilston, and in the Hundred of Holderness. At the Norman Conquest the lords of Holderness, and therefore Owstwick, were Earl Morcar and Murdoch of Hilston. Owstwick was a small settlement of about 5 households, with 45 villagers, 6 freemen, one priest and a church. There were 44 ploughlands and a meadow of 12 acres. In 1086 lordship was transferred to Drogo of la BeuvriËre, who also became Tenant-in-chief to King William I. Domesday records that in Edward the Confessor's time the combined manor of Hilston with parts of Owstwick was valued at fifty-five shillings.[1][2][3]

The Dictionary of British Place Names gives the derivation of Owstwick as "eastern outlying farm" from the Old Scandinavian 'austr' and the Old English 'wic'.[4]

Owstwick in 1812 had a population of 106. There were 18 families in 18 houses, with 17 farmers and one trader.[5] By 1823 population had increased to 139, including four farmers and a Tuesday carrier to Hull; occupation numbers had not changed by 1851, although population had dropped to 103.[6][7][8]

In 1818, in the part of Owstwick that was in Roos, inhabitants numbered 59. A parliamentary report of the following year stated that in the parish there were three schools, in each of which 30 children were taught, about two thirds of whom belonged to the parish. There was a Sunday School where 30 boys and 25 girls were taught. The report stated that: "the greater part of the poorer classes are without the means of education, and very desirous of possessing them."[9]

In the 1830s Owstwick became part of a group of twenty-seven parishes and townships under the Patrington Union, which provided for a Union workhouse at Patrington, opened in 1838 for the accommodation of 150 paupers. Owstwick's yearly saving on poor-relief costs by being part of the Union system was estimated at the time as £1,000, this being similar for all parishes contributing.[10]

A Tithe Commission under the 1836 Tithe Commutation Act recorded Owstwick township as consisting of 1,330 acres (5.4 km2), largely within the parish of Roos, with 452 acres in the parish of Garton. By 1841, although Owstwick was called a 'manor', no manorial rights then existed. In 1780 principal parish landowners had been Sir Christopher Sykes and Admiral Storr; by 1841 they were Sir Tatton Sykes, Admiral Mitford, and Joseph Storr.[3][8]

In 1882 the number of inhabitants had dropped to 80, of whom six were farmers. A Society of Friends' burial ground still existed, although their meeting house had been converted to a cottage.[8][11] In 1913 Sir Tatton Sykes of Sledmere House was lord of the manor and principal landowner. Inhabitants in 1911 numbered 114, with four farmers, and children attending school at Garton.[12]

Quakers[edit]

Friends Meeting House, Owstwick

Owstwick was a centre for Quaker faith in the 17th and 18th centuries. The religious dissenter George Fox was released from Scarborough Castle in 1666, and finding the Quaker movement languishing decided on a nationwide review of the religion and Quaker meetings. In 1669 the review reached Yorkshire, and Owstwick. Monthly meetings, previously based on larger areas, were broken down into smaller units, one being Owstwick, as part of a formalised pyramidic restructure.[13]

The oldest record of Quaker activity at Owstwick is in 1654. A 1671 will by a Robert Raven stipulated a wish to be buried in Owstwick burial ground. A Thomas Smith, buried at Owstwick and 78 years when he died in 1749, had been born to Quaker parents.[14] A member of the Owstwick Quaker community was Marmaduke Storr, a "man of substance" who became a Quaker in 1652, one of the earliest converts. He was an opponent of John Harwood of North Frodingham and Harwood's dispute with George Fox over Fox's authority, a dispute that descended into personal insult. Fox was a visitor to Storr's house in 1665, a house which became the centre for Quaker Monthly Meetings.[15] By the middle of the 19th-century the Meeting House was in disrepair, and no indication was evident of its date of erection, however, the burial ground was still occasionally used by followers.[3][8]

Following the appointment of Thomas Herring as Archbishop of York in 1743, he wrote to diocese clergy, asking to be informed of dissenting families in their parishes. Reports back included those of the Owstwick Meeting House and families with Quaker sympathies.[16]

Owst[edit]

According to the 1856 and 1857 History and topography of the City of York, the Owst family name leads directly to the original Saxon thanes who gave their name to the village. The name reappears in records in 1349, during the reign of Edward III, with a Robert Owst who had possessions in Hedon, and whose descendant branches "have lived in Holderness for centuries", and held lands in Nunkeeling, Welwick and Halsham. An Owst (died 1489), was Prior of Nunkeeling Priory. A Thomas Owst lived at Halsham in 1575, his descendents surviving there until 1836 when the last Thomas Owst left—he also held freehold property in Owstwick. The Owst family were Roman Catholic and lived under difficulties in the 18th century. In The History and Antiquities of the Seigniory of Holderness, Poulson quotes a 1745 certificate given to Thomas Owst, which describes him as a popish recusant, by Act of Parliament unable to travel farther than five miles from place of abode. The certificate signed by the Deputy Lieutenant was a licence allowing him to travel to Drax to visit his ill wife, under conditions including a stipulated return date.[8][17]

Governance[edit]

Owstwick forms part of the civil parish of Roos and is represented locally by Roos Parish Council[18] while at county level is in the South East Holderness ward of the East Riding of Yorkshire Council.[19] At a parliamentary level it is part of the Beverley and Holderness constituency which is represented by Graham Stuart of the Conservative Party. While at European level it is in the Yorkshire and the Humber constituency.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Owstwick", Domesdaymap.co.uk. Retrieved 7 July 2014
  2. ^ "Documents Online: Owstwick", Great Domesday Book, Folios: 323v, 382r. The National Archives. Retrieved 7 July 2012
  3. ^ a b c Poulson, George; The History and Antiquities of the Seigniory of Holderness in the East-Riding of the County of York (1841), Volume 2, pp.79, 103
  4. ^ Mills, Anthony David (2003); A Dictionary of British Place Names, Oxford University Press, revised edition (2011), p.359. ISBN 019960908X
  5. ^ Strickland, Henry, Eustasius; A General View of the Agriculture of the East-Riding of Yorkshire, (1812), p.310. Reprint Nabu Press (2010). ISBN 1142231747
  6. ^ Baines, Edward; History, Directory & Gazetteer of the County of York (1823), p.375. ISBN 1230139141
  7. ^ General Directory of Kingston-upon-Hull, and York (1851), Francis White & Co., p.550
  8. ^ a b c d e Sheahan, J. J.; Whelan, T.; (1857), History and topography of the City of York, the East Riding of Yorkshire, and a portion of the West Riding Volume 2, pp.360, 373, 376. Reprinted Books LLC (2012) ISBN 1150446110.
  9. ^ "Roos" in A Digest of Parochial Returns Made to The Select Committee appointed to inquire into The Education of the Poor, House of Commons (1818), p.1089
  10. ^ White, William; History, Gazetteer and Directory, of the North and East Ridings of Yorkshire (1840), p.298
  11. ^ White, William, White's General and Commercial Directory of Hull (1882), p.338
  12. ^ Kelly's Directory of the North and East Ridings of Yorkshire (with the cities of York and Hull) (1913), p.600
  13. ^ "Quaker meeting records" (collection), Hull History Centre. Retrieved 7 July 2014
  14. ^ A Collection of the Testimonies Concerning Several Ministers of the Gospel (1760), p.216. Reprinted Nabu Press (2013). ISBN 128990779X
  15. ^ Carroll, Stuart; Hopper, Andrew; "A Yorkshireman in the Bastille: John Harwood and the Quaker Mission to Paris" in Getting Along?: Religious Identities and Confessional Relations in Early Modern England, ed. Nadine Lewycky and Adam David, Ashgate Publishing (2012), p.197. ISBN 1409400891
  16. ^ "Archbishop Herring's Visitation Returns: a snapshot of parish life in the mid 18th century", EY Churches (eychurches.org.uk). Retrieved 7 July 2014
  17. ^ Whellan, T., History and topography of the city of York; the Ainsty wapentake; and the East Riding of York (1856), p.327.
  18. ^ "Parish Description". Roos Parish Council. Retrieved 27 March 2014. 
  19. ^ Gazetteer — A–Z of Towns Villages and Hamlets. East Riding of Yorkshire Council. 2006. p. 9. 
  • Gazetteer — A–Z of Towns Villages and Hamlets. East Riding of Yorkshire Council. 2006. p. 9. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Owstwick at Wikimedia Commons