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The North East England Portal
North-east England is a region in the United Kingdom, comprising Northumberland, County Durham, Tyne and Wear, the Tees Valley and a small part of North Yorkshire.
The principal city of the region is
Newcastle upon Tyne; the region's other cities are Sunderland and Durham. Middlesbrough is another large town. Conversely, Northumberland (to the north of all these cities) is England's most sparsely-populated county; it contains the highest point in the North East, The Cheviot, at 815m.
The region has a rich natural heritage, and includes the
Northumberland National Park. The North East has several different accents (the Northern English dialect). A referendum, held on 4 November 2004, rejected the establishment of an elected regional assembly for the region.
The nave of Durham Cathedral, showing the earliest vaulted ceiling in England.
was founded in AD 1093 and is the seat of the Durham Cathedral Anglican Bishop of Durham. The cathedral is regarded as one of the finest examples of Norman architecture and has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site along with nearby Durham Castle, which faces it across Palace Green. Durham Cathedral occupies a strategic position on a promontory high above the River Wear.
The present cathedral replaced the 10th century "White Church", built as part of a monastic foundation to house the
shrine of Saint Cuthbert of Lindisfarne. Its treasures include relics of St Cuthbert, the head of St Oswald of Northumbria and the remains of the Venerable Bede. There are daily Church of England services at the Cathedral, with the Durham Cathedral Choir singing daily except Mondays and when the choir is on holiday. The cathedral is a major tourist attraction within the region, the central tower of 217 feet (66 m) giving views of the City of Durham and the surrounding area.
(672/673 – 26 May 735), also referred to as Bede Saint Bede or the Venerable Bede ( Latin: ), was an Bēda Venerābilis English monk at the Northumbrian monastery of Saint Peter at Monkwearmouth and of its companion monastery, Saint Paul's, in modern Jarrow (see Monkwearmouth-Jarrow), both in the Kingdom of Northumbria. He is well known as an author and scholar, and his most famous work, ( Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum The Ecclesiastical History of the English People) gained him the title "The Father of English History".
In 1899, Bede was made a
Doctor of the Church by Leo XIII, a position of theological significance; he is the only native of Great Britain to achieve this designation ( Anselm of Canterbury, also a Doctor of the Church, was originally from Italy). Bede was moreover a skilled linguist and translator, and his work with the Latin and Greek writings of the early Church Fathers contributed significantly to English Christianity, making the writings much more accessible to his fellow Anglo-Saxons. Bede's monastery had access to a superb library which included works by Eusebius and Orosius among many others.
Newcastle upon Tyne:
Northern English (N.B. This category covers all of northern England, so includes dialects spoken outside the north-east region)
Accents/dialect in and around:
Did you know
Newcastle's Mosley Street was the first in Britain to be lit by electricity. The 1971 gangster film
(starring Get Carter Michael Caine) was filmed in the North East and features Gateshead's Trinity Square car park. In the UK, every packet of
is made at Nestlé Rolos Fawdon near Newcastle. A total of seven bridges link
: Newcastle Quayside and Gateshead Quays Gateshead Millennium Bridge, Tyne Bridge, Swing Bridge, High Level Bridge, Redheugh Bridge, Queen Elizabeth II Metro Bridge and King Edward VII Bridge. The design of the
is so energy efficient that it uses just £3.60 of electricity each time it opens. Gateshead Millennium Bridge
" was composed by She Loves You" John Lennon and Paul McCartney in The Imperial Hotel in Jesmond, Newcastle. Tyneside playwright
Lee Hall first performed the hugely successful as a reading at Newcastle's Billy Elliot Live Theatre.
developed the steam turbine in 1884 in Newcastle. This revolutionised the generation of electricity. Charles Algernon Parsons
Newcastle Breweries, famous for its , began in 1890, but were acquired in 2008. Brown Ale however, is still produced on Tyneside. Newcastle Brown Ale The
was invented in Humphry Davy mining lamp Sunderland.