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Temporal range: Pleistocene 1.8–0.011 Ma
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Camelidae
Tribe: Lamini
Genus: Palaeolama
Gervais, 1869

P. mirifica (Simpson, 1931)

Palaeolama ("early llama")[1] is an extinct North and South American genus of lamine camelid.


Restoration of Palaeolama (middle right) and other mammals of the Late Pleistocene of Chile

Palaeolama mirifica, the "stout-legged llama", is known from southern California and the southeastern U.S., with the highest concentration of fossil specimens found in Florida (specifically the counties of Alachua, Citrus, Hillsborough, Manatee, Polk, Brevard, Orange, Sumter and Levy). Other fossil occurrences have been discovered in Mexico, Central America (El Salvador) and South America (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Venezuela and Uruguay).[2]

Body mass[edit]

Four specimens of Palaeolama were examined by Legendre and Roth for body mass.[3]

  • Specimen 1: 198 kg (440 lb)
  • Specimen 2: 284.8 kg (630 lb)
  • Specimen 3: 205.5 kg (450 lb)
  • Specimen 4: 203 kg (450 lb)


  1. ^ Paleobiology Database - Palaeolama basic info
  2. ^ Paleobiology database collections, Palaeolama mirifica 20289, 20350, 20351, 20415, 20475, 20520, 58089, 20398, 20491, 20571, 20573, 20580, 20629, 20647, 20636
  3. ^ S. Legendre and C. Roth. 1988. Correlation of carnassial tooth size and body weight in recent carnivores (Mammalia). Historical Biology 1(1):85-98