Paraguayan general election, 2013

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Paraguayan general election, 2013
Paraguay
2008 ←
→ Next

Turnout 68.57%
  Horacio Cartes con banda.jpg No image.svg
Candidate Horacio Cartes Efraín Alegre
Party ANR-PC PLRA
Popular vote 1,104,169 889,451
Percentage 48.48% 39.05%

President before election

Federico Franco
PLRA

Elected President

Horacio Cartes
ANR-PC

Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Paraguay

General elections were held in Paraguay on 21 April 2013.[1] They resulted in a return to power of the Colorado Party that had ruled the country for 60 years before losing power in 2008. The presidential elections were won by the Colorado Party's Horacio Cartes, who defeated Efraín Alegre of the Paraguay Alegre alliance.[2] The Colorado Party also won the most seats in the Senate and Chamber of Deputies.

Background[edit]

Former President Lugo, impeached in June 2012

In the previous general elections in 2008 Fernando Lugo was elected President. However, he was unable to serve out his full term after being controversially impeached in a 48-hour period in June 2012, following an eviction at a farm that led to the death of six police and eleven farmers. Lugo was replaced by his vice-president Federico Franco. Following the impeachment, Paraguay was suspended from Mercosur and Unasur, with the country accused of a Congressional coup.[3]

Candidates[edit]

Eleven candidates contested the presidential election:[4]

Presidential candidate Vice-presidential candidate Party
Efraín Alegre Rafael Filizzola Paraguay Alegre[a]
Ricardo Almada Librada Martinez White Party
Eduardo Arce Gloria Bareiro Workers' Party
Aníbal Carrillo Iramain Rafael Aguayo Guasú Front[b]
Miguel Carrizosa Arsenio Ocampos Beloved Fatherland Party
Horacio Cartes Juan Afara Colorado Party
Roberto Ferreira Luis Vallejos Paraguayan Humanist Party
Mario Ferreiro Cynthia Brizuela Forward Country[c]
Atanasio Galeano Digno Valdez Partido Patria Libre
Lino César Oviedo Sánchez Luis Villamayor National Union of Ethical Citizens
Lilian Soto Maguiorina Balbuena Kuña Pyrenda

Coalitions formed for the election included the:

c Forward Country (Avanza País), a centre-left alliance including, amongst others, the Revolutionary Febrerista Party and the Christian Democratic Party.

b Frente Guasú, a left-wing alliance including, amongst others, the Party for a Country of Solidarity and the Paraguayan Communist Party.

a Paraguay Alegre (lit. Happy Paraguay, alluding to their candidate's name), a centrist alliance including, amongst others, the Authentic Radical Liberal Party, the Democratic Progressive Party and the National Encounter Party.

On the night of 2 February 2013, Lino Oviedo Silva, the candidate of the right-wing National Union of Ethical Citizens, died in a helicopter accident near Puerto Antequera, in the Chaco region. His death was confirmed the following day, when the national police rescue team found the three burnt corpses of Oviedo, the plane's pilot, and a bodyguard. His candidacy was taken over by his nephew Lino Oviedo Sánchez.[5]

Campaign[edit]

Reporters without Borders said in April 2013 that "Paraguay continues to be a dangerous country for journalists, in part because of the links between politics and organized crime, which were widely criticized during the campaign." It noted that two television stations (the public TV Pública and private Canal 9 SNT) had refused to air a Frente Guasú campaign ad highlighting the role of candidates Cartes and Alegre in the impeachment of Fernando Lugo.[6]

During the campaign Cartes made homophobic statements, comparing homosexuals to monkeys and saying he would shoot himself in the testicles if his son turned out to be gay.[7]

Opinion polls[edit]

Agency/Source Date Horacio Cartes Efrain Alegre Mario Ferreiro Lino Oviedo Sánchez Aníbal Carrillo Miguel Carrizosa Lilian Soto Eduardo Arce None "Don't know"/No answer
Asisa 26 Feb 2013 29.3% 22.1% 19.8% 7.1% 3.2% 2.5% 1.6% - - 13.7%
Ati Snead 28 Feb 2013 36.7% 37.1% 5.6%  ? 2.8%  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?
First 15 Mar 2013 37.3% 30.3% 9.5% 3.1% 1.9% 3.2% 0.7% 0.4% 0.4% 13.2%
GEO 15 Mar 2013 36.8% 35.6% 7.7% 6.8% 6.1% 1.0% 0.3% - 0.6% 5.1%
Grau 21 Mar 2013 42.7% 29.2% 9.6% 6.2% 2.7% 0.5% 0.2% - 1.1% 7.8%
First 4 Apr 2013 37.6% 31.7% 10.9% 7.1% 1.9% 3.0% 0.2% - 0.3% 7.3%
Taka 5 Apr 2013 41.7% 27.5% 12.1% 3.1% 2.9% 5.7% - - 1.2% 5.9%
Ati Snead 5 Apr 2013 36.4 37.9% 8.5% 4.0% 2.7% 3.0% - - - 6.0%
Grau 11 Apr 2013 45.3% 31.2% 8.6% 2.5% 2.9% 0.9% 0.1% - 2.2% 6.4%
GEO 11 Apr 2013 34.8% 36.7% 9.9% 1.6%  ?  ?  ?  ?  ? 8.9%

Results[edit]

President[edit]

e • d Summary of the 21 April 2013 Paraguayan presidential election results
Candidate Party Votes %
Horacio Manuel Cartes Jara Colorado Party 1,104,169 48.48
Pedro Efraín Alegre Sasiain Authentic Radical Liberal Party 889,451 39.05
Mario Aníbal Ferreiro Sanabria Avanza País¹ RFP 141,716 6.22
Aníbal Enrique Carillo Iramain Guasú Front PCS² 79,573 3.49
Miguel Garrizosa Galiano Beloved Fatherland Party 27,026 1.19
Lino César Oviedo Sánchez National Union of Ethical Citizens 19,416 0.85
Roberto Carlos Ferreira Franco Paraguayan Humanist Party 4,264 0.19
Lilian Susana Soto Badaui Kuña Pyrenda Movement 3,925 0.17
Eduardo María Arce Schaerer Workers' Party 3,011 0.13
Ricardo Martín Almada Pérez White Party 2,767 0.12
Atanasio Galeano Free Homeland Party 2,416 0.11
Invalid/blank votes 131,703
Total 2,409,437 100
Registered voters/turnout 3,516,275 68.52
Source: Justicia Electoral

¹ The Avanza País was an alliance of the Revolutionary Febrerista Party, Movement for Socialism Party, Christian Democratic Party, Tekopyahú Paraguay Party and April 20 Movement and Democratic Unity for Victory.

²The Guasú Front was an alliance of the Party for a Country of Solidarity, Broad Front Party, Social and Popular Block, Party of Citizen Participation, Tekojoja People's Party, Paraguayan Communist Party, Popular Socialist Convergence Party, Party and People's Patriotic Movement, Social and Popular Front, Popular Patriotic Front and Popular Unity Party.

Senate[edit]

e • d Summary of the 21 April 2013 Paraguayan senatorial election results
Party Votes % Seats +/–
Colorado Party 865,206 38.50 19 +4
Authentic Radical Liberal Party 588,054 26.17 13 –1
Guasú Front 238,313 10.60 5 +4
Democratic Progressive Party 144,691 6.44 3 +2
Avanza País 117,056 5.21 2 +2
National Union of Ethical Citizens 90,640 4.03 2 –7
National Encounter Party 78,460 3.49 1 +1
Beloved Fatherland Party 45,168 2.01 0 –4
Youth Party – Young Force 28,129 1.25 0 New
Social Democrat Party 7,768 0.35 0 New
Independent Constitutionalist Movement 7,509 0.33 0 New
30 August Movement 7,460 0.33 0 New
Kuña Pyrenda 5,416 0.24 0 New
People in Action Movement 3,673 0.16 0 New
United Democratic Movement for Victory 3,662 0.16 0 New
Paraguayan Humanist Party 3,484 0.16 0 0
Free Homeland Party 2,322 0.10 0 New
Participative Independent Democratic Movement 2,007 0.09 0 New
White Party 1,961 0.09 0 0
Institutional Independent Movement 1,917 0.09 0 New
Green Party 1,541 0.07 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 159,889
Total 2,407,166 100 45 0
Registered voters/turnout 3,516,275 68.46%
Source: Supreme Electoral Justice Tribunal of Paraguay

List of current members of the Chamber of Senators[edit]

Name Political Party Political Alliance
Adolfo Marcelino Ferreira Sanabria Revolutionary Febrerista Party Avanza País
Arnaldo Euclides Giuzzio Benítez Democratic Progressive Party Democratic Progressive Party
Arnoldo Wiens Durksen Colorado Party Colorado Party
Blanca Beatriz Fonseca Legal Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party
Blanca Margarita Ovelar de Duarte Colorado Party Colorado Party
Blas Antonio Llano Ramos Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party
Carlos Alberto Amarilla Cañete Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party
Carlos Alberto Filizzola Pallarés Party for a Country of Solidarity Guasú Front
Carlos Núñez Agüero Colorado Party Colorado Party
Derlis Ariel Alejandro Osorio Nunes Colorado Party Colorado Party
Desirée Graciela Masi Jara Democratic Progressive Party Democratic Progressive Party
Eduardo Romalino Petta San Martín National Encounter Party National Encounter Party
Emilia Patricia Alfaro de Franco Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party
Enrique Fausto Bacchetta Chiriani Colorado Party Colorado Party
Enzo Cardozo Jiménez Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party
Esperanza Martínez de Portillo Party of Citizen Participation Guasú Front
Fernando Alberto Silva Facetti Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party
Fernando Armindo Lugo Méndez Independent Guasú Front
Gustavo Javier Alfonso González Colorado Party Colorado Party
Jorge Antonio Oviedo Matto National Union of Ethical Citizens National Union of Ethical Citizens
José Manuel Bóbeda Melgarejo National Union of Ethical Citizens National Union of Ethical Citizens
Juan Carlos Román Galaverna Delvalle Colorado Party Colorado Party
Juan Darío Monges Espínola Colorado Party Colorado Party
Julio Antonio Quiñónez Daiub Colorado Party Colorado Party
Julio César Ramón Franco Gómez Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party
Julio César Velázquez Tillería Colorado Party Colorado Party
Lilian Graciela Samaniego González Colorado Party Colorado Party
Luis Alberto Castiglioni Soria Colorado Party Colorado Party
Luis Alberto Cayetano Wagner Lezcano Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party
María Blanca Lila Mignarro de González Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party
Mario Abdo Benítez Colorado Party Colorado Party
Miguel Abdón Saguier Carmona Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party
Miguel Ángel Ignacio López Perito April 20 Movement Avanza País
Mirta Leonor Gusinky de Cubas Colorado Party Colorado Party
Nelson Darío Aguinagalde Gallinar Colorado Party Colorado Party
Óscar Alberto González Daher Colorado Party Colorado Party
Óscar Hugo Richer Florentín Popular Socialist Convergence Party Guasú Front
Óscar Rubén Salomón Fernández Colorado Party Colorado Party
Pedro Arthuro Santa Cruz Insaurralde Democratic Progressive Party Democratic Progressive Party
Ramón Gómez Verlangieri Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party
Roberto Ramón Acevedo Quevedo Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party
Silvio Adalberto Ovelar Benítez Colorado Party Colorado Party
Sixto Pereira Galeano Tekojoja People's Party Guasú Front
Víctor Alcides Bogado González Colorado Party Colorado Party
Zulma Ramona Gómez Cáceres Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party

Source: Justicia Electoral

Chamber of Deputies[edit]

e • d Summary of the 21 April 2013 Paraguayan Chamber of Deputies election results
Party Votes % Seats +/–
Colorado Party 919,625 40.99 44 +14
Authentic Radical Liberal Party 656,301 29.25 27 0
National Union of Ethical Citizens 147,534 6.58 2 –13
Guasú Front 122,440 5.46 1 +1
National Encounter Party 108,662 4.84 2 +2
Avanza País 84,826 3.78 2 +2
Beloved Fatherland Party 63,662 2.84 1 –2
Democratic Progressive Party 30,579 1.36 0 –1
Youth Party 28,543 1.27 0 New
Chaqueña Passion Alliance 15,656 0.70 1
Civic Awakening Movement 9,661 0.43 0 New
Kuña Pyrenda 8,153 0.36 0 New
30 August Movement 7,080 0.32 0 New
Social Democrat Party 7,062 0.31 0 New
Independent Constitutionalist Movement 5,063 0.23 0 New
Paraguayan Humanist Party 4,225 0.19 0 0
People in Action Movement 3,107 0.14 0 New
United Democratic Movement for Victory 2,702 0.12 0 New
White Party 2,677 0.12 0 0
Citizens in Power Action Movement 2,017 0.09 0 New
Participative Independent Democratic Movement 1,905 0.08 0 New
Green Party 1,826 0.08 0 New
Concertacion todos por Concepcion 1,822 0.08 0 New
Free Homeland Party 1,625 0.07 0 New
Alianza Alto Paraguay Alegre 1,597 0.07 0 New
Institutional Independent Movement 1,575 0.07 0 New
Workers' Party 1,338 0.06 0 0
Movimiento Propuesta por la Soberania Nacional 783 0.03 0 New
Moviemiento para el Pueblo Encarnacion 656 0.03 0 New
Liberal Party 579 0.03 0 New
Another Paraguay Movement 251 0.01 0 New
Workers' Regional Movement 189 0.01 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 155,905
Total 2,399,626 100 80
Registered voters/turnout 3,516,275 68.24
Source: Supreme Electoral Justice Tribunal of Paraguay

List of current members of the Chamber of Deputies[edit]

Name Political Party Political Alliance Department
Agustín Amado Florentín Cabral Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party Cordillera
Alsimio Casco Ayala Colorado Party Colorado Party Concepción
Andrés Retamozo Ortiz Colorado Party Colorado Party Alto Paraná
Antonio Gustavo Cardozo Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party Alto Paraná
Asa Javier González Ortiz Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party Misiones
Atilio Penayo Ortega Colorado Party Colorado Party Central
Bernardo Villalba Cardozo Colorado Party Colorado Party Concepción
Blanca Marina Vargas de Caballero Colorado Party Colorado Party Alto Paraná
Carlos Alberto Núñez Salinas Colorado Party Colorado Party Central
Carlos Antonio Portillo Verón Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party Alto Paraná
Carlos Manuel Maggi Rolón Colorado Party Colorado Party San Pedro
Celso Kennedy Bogado Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party Caaguazú
Celso Maldonado Duarte Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party Central
Celso Troche Álvarez Colorado Party Colorado Party Caazapá
César Ariel Oviedo Verdún National Union of Ethical Citizens National Union of Ethical Citizens Central
Clemente Ramón Barrios Monges Colorado Party Colorado Party Paraguarí
Concepción Quintana López Colorado Party Colorado Party Alto Paraná
Cornelius Sawatzky Sawatzky Colorado Party Colorado Party Boquerón
Cynthia Elizabeth Tarragó Díaz Colorado Party Colorado Party Distrito Capital
Dany Edgar Xavier Durand Espínola Colorado Party Colorado Party Distrito Capital
Del Pilar Eva Medina de Paredes Colorado Party Colorado Party Central
Dionisio Oswaldo Amarilla Guirland Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party Central
Eber Osvaldo Ovelar Benítez Colorado Party Colorado Party Caaguazú
Edgar Acosta Alcaráz Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party Central
Edgar Isaac Ortiz Riveros Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party Itapúa
Elio Cabral González Colorado Party Colorado Party Alto Paraná
Enrique Antonio Concepción Buzarquis Cáceres Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party Caaguazú
Enrique Javier Pereira Thalmann Colorado Party Colorado Party Central
Esmérita Sánchez de Da Silva Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party Caaguazú
Eusebio Alvarenga Martínez Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party Guairá
Fabiola Elvira Oviedo Melgarejo National Union of Ethical Citizens National Union of Ethical Citizens Distrito Capital
Félix Fernando Ortellado Zorrilla Colorado Party Colorado Party Guairá
Freddy Tadeo D’Ecclesiis Giménez Colorado Party Colorado Party San Pedro
Héctor Lucio Lesme Delgado Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party Central
Hércules Pedro Lorenzo Alliana Rodríguez Colorado Party Colorado Party Ñeembucú
Horacio Víctor Carísimo Ocampo Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party Itapúa
Hugo Adalberto Velázquez Moreno Colorado Party Colorado Party Central
Hugo Leandro Rubín Godoy National Encounter Party National Encounter Party Central
Jorge Ignacio Baruja Fernández Colorado Party Colorado Party Paraguarí
Jorge Ramón Ávalos Mariño Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party Paraguarí
José Domingo Adorno Mazacotte Colorado Party Colorado Party Alto Paraguay
José Gregorio Ledesma Narváez Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party San Pedro
José María Ibáñez Benítez Colorado Party Colorado Party Central
Juan Bartolomé Ramírez Brizuela Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party Amambay
Julio Enrique Mineur de Witte Authentic Radical Liberal Party Chaqueña Passion Alliance Presidente Hayes
Juan Félix Bogado Tatter Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party Distrito Capital
Julio Javier Ríos Bogado Colorado Party Colorado Party Distrito Capital
Karina Andrea Rodríguez Carámbula Movement for Socialism Party Avanza País Distrito Capital
Luis Alberto Larré del Puerto Colorado Party Colorado Party Itapúa
Marcial Lezcano Paredes Colorado Party Colorado Party Amambay
María Cristina Villalba López Colorado Party Colorado Party Canindeyú
María Nimia Carísimo Sosa Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party Central
María Rocío Casco Arce Movement for Socialism Party Avanza País Central
Mario Duilio Casco González Colorado Party Colorado Party Itapúa
Mario Walberto Soto Estigarribia Colorado Party Colorado Party Caaguazú
Miguel Ángel del Puerto Silva Colorado Party Colorado Party Caaguazú
Miguel Tadeo Rojas Meza Colorado Party Colorado Party Central
Mirta Ramona Mendoza Díaz Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party Concepción
Nazario Tomás Rojas Salvioni Colorado Party Colorado Party Cordillera
Néstor Fabián Ferrer Miranda Colorado Party Colorado Party Central
Olga Beatriz Ferreira de López Beloved Fatherland Party Beloved Fatherland Party Distrito Capital
Olimpio Rojas Villalba Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party Caazapá
Óscar Luis Tuma Bogado Colorado Party Colorado Party Distrito Capital
Óscar Venancio Núñez Giménez Colorado Party Colorado Party Presidente Hayes
Pablino Acasio Rodríguez Aria Colorado Party Colorado Party Misiones
Pastor Alberto Vera Bejarano Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party San Pedro
Pedro David Britos Espínola Colorado Party Colorado Party Guairá
Pedro Milciades Duré Argüello Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party Cordillera
Perla Teresa Beatriz Acosta de Vázquez Colorado Party Colorado Party San Pedro
Purificación Morel Alfonso Colorado Party Colorado Party Canindeyú
Ramón Duarte Jiménez Popular Unity Party Guasú Front Itapúa
Ramón Romero Roa Colorado Party Colorado Party Alto Paraná
Ricardo González Escobar National Encounter Party National Encounter Party Central
Salustiano Salinas Montanía Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party Central
Sergio Roberto Rojas Sosa Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party Central
Tomás Fidelino Rivas Benítez Colorado Party Colorado Party Paraguarí
Víctor Luis González Segovia Colorado Party Colorado Party Cordillera
Víctor Óscar González Drakeford Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party Alto Paraná
Víctor Ríos Ojeda Authentic Radical Liberal Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party Ñeembucú
Walter Enrique Harms Céspedes Colorado Party Colorado Party Itapúa

Source: Justicia Electoral

Reactions[edit]

The defeated candidate Alegre conceded to Cartes a short time after preliminary results were announced.[8] Argentine president Cristina Fernández de Kirchner congratulated the Paraguayan people, describing the election as "exemplary" and announced her endorsement of a re-admission of the country to the Mercosur community.[9] José Mujica, the president of Uruguay, congratulated Cartes as well and invited him to the Mercosur summit that is to take place in his country in June.[10] The European Union's high representative for foreign affairs, Catherine Ashton lauded the high turn-out, orderly and calm conduct of the election.[11] Among the first felicitators was also Venezuelan president Nicolás Maduro.[12] Spain's Mariano Rajoy also congratulated him.[13]

References[edit]