Patriotic League (Estonia)

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Patriotic League
Isamaaliit
Founded1935
Dissolved1940
HeadquartersTallinn, Estonia
IdeologyEstonian nationalism
Authoritarianism
Personalism

The Patriotic League (Estonian: Isamaaliit) was a political movement founded in 1935 in Estonia, and thereafter, until 1940, the only legal political quasi-party, as the activities of any political party were suspended in the country during that time.[1]

History[edit]

After Konstantin Päts's self-coup in 1934, the activities of all political parties – including Päts's own Union of Settlers and Smallholders – were suspended.[2] The Patriotic League was established on 9 March 1935 as the political movement of the establishment, with the opposition parties' activities remaining suspended.[3][1]

Elections for a National Assembly to draft a new constitution were held in 1936. The Patriotic League's candidates ran unopposed in 50 of the 80 seats, as the opposition parties were allowed to field only individual candidates.[3]

Prior to the 1938 elections the Patriotic League formed the National Front for the Implementation of the Constitution to run in the election, although the Front was effectively the same organisation.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Vincent E McHale (1983) Political parties of Europe, Greenwood Press, p380 ISBN 0-313-23804-9
  2. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p566 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  3. ^ a b Nohlen & Stöver, p568