Self-coup

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Cavalry in the streets of Paris during the French coup of 1851, where the democratically elected President Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte seized dictatorial power, and one year later was crowned Emperor of the French

A self-coup, also called autocoup (from the Spanish: autogolpe), is a form of coup d'état in which a nation's head, having come to power through legal means, tries to stay in power through illegal means. The leader may dissolve or render powerless the national legislature and unlawfully assume extraordinary powers not granted under normal circumstances. Other measures may include annulling the nation's constitution, suspending civil courts, and having the head of government assume dictatorial powers.[1][2]

Between 1946 and 2020, an estimated 148 self-coup attempts have taken place: 110 in autocracies and 38 in democracies.[3]

Notable events described as self-coups[edit]

Notable events described as attempted self-coups[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b An early reference to the term autogolpe may be found in Kaufman, Edy: Uruguay in Transition: From Civilian to Military Rule, Transaction, New Brunswick, 1979. It includes a definition of autogolpe and mentions that the word was "popularly" used in reference to events in Uruguay in 1972–1973. See Uruguay in Transition: From Civilian to Military Rule – Edy Kaufman at Google Books.
  2. ^ Tufekci, Zeynep (December 7, 2020). "'This Must Be Your First'". The Atlantic. In political science, the term coup refers to the illegitimate overthrow of a sitting government—usually through violence or the threat of violence. The technical term for attempting to stay in power illegitimately—such as after losing an election—is self-coup or autocoup, sometimes autogolpe
  3. ^ Nakamura, David (January 5, 2021). "With brazen assault on election, Trump prompts critics to warn of a coup". Washington Post. Retrieved January 5, 2021.
  4. ^ Barton, H. Arnold (1972). "Gustav III of Sweden and the Enlightenment". Eighteenth-Century Studies. 6 (1): 11. doi:10.2307/3031560. JSTOR 3031560.
  5. ^ "URUGUAY UNDER A DICTATOR.; Senor Cuestas Executes a Coup d'Etat and Dissolves the Assembly. (Published 1898)". The New York Times. February 11, 1898.
  6. ^ "Germany 1933: from democracy to dictatorship". Anne Frank Website. September 28, 2018.
  7. ^ "The March Revolution in Uruguay 1933". www.onwar.com.
  8. ^ XX sajandi kroonika, I osa. Eesti Entsüklopeediakirjastus. Tallinn, 2002. P. 383"/>
  9. ^ Weyland, Kurt (February 4, 2021). Assault on Democracy - Kurt Weyland - Google Книги. ISBN 9781108844338. Retrieved September 14, 2022.
  10. ^ Bizzarro, Salvatore (April 20, 2005). Historical Dictionary of Chile. Scarecrow Press. p. 128. ISBN 978-0-8108-6542-6.
  11. ^ "Biography of Alfredo Baldomir (1884-1948)". thebiography.us.
  12. ^ "The Bolivian Revolution". www.latinamericanstudies.org.
  13. ^ a b "Counting Thailand's coups". March 8, 2011.
  14. ^ "Declaration of Martial Law". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved June 18, 2016.
  15. ^ The Military in Politics Library of Congress Country Studies
  16. ^ Kenney, Charles D. (2004). Fujimori's coup and the breakdown of democracy in Latin America. University of Notre Dame Press. ISBN 0-268-03171-1.
  17. ^ Kommersant (September 30, 2015). Все перевороты XXI века || [All coups of XXI century].
  18. ^ Landfried, Christine (February 7, 2019). Judicial Power: How Constitutional Courts Affect Political Transformations - Google Книги. ISBN 9781108425667. Retrieved September 14, 2022.
  19. ^ Hastedt, Glenn P.; Knickrehm, Kay M. (2003). International Politics in a Changing World - Glenn P. Hastedt, Kay M. Knickrehm - Google Книги. ISBN 9780205189939. Retrieved September 14, 2022.
  20. ^ http://politeia.ru/files/articles/rus/Politeia-2000-2(16).pdf[bare URL PDF]
  21. ^ Casey, Nicholas; Torres, Patricia (March 30, 2017). "Venezuela Muzzles Legislature, Moving Closer to One-Man Rule". The New York Times. Retrieved March 31, 2017.
  22. ^ "Venezuela's high court dissolves National Assembly". CNN. March 30, 2017. Retrieved March 30, 2017.
  23. ^ a b Hill, Fiona (January 11, 2021). "Yes, It Was a Coup. Here's Why". Politico. Retrieved January 11, 2021. Technically, what Trump attempted is what’s known as a “self-coup” and Trump isn’t the first leader to try it. Charles Louis Napoleon Bonaparte (nephew of the first Napoleon) pulled one off in France December 1851 to stay in power beyond his term. Then he declared himself Emperor, Napoleon III. More recently, Nicolas Maduro perpetrated a self-coup in Venezuela after losing the 2017 elections.
  24. ^ ""Инвестклимат в России определяется ФСБ»: Сергей Гуриев о новом правительстве и «конституционном самоперевороте"".
  25. ^ "Putin's Meaningless Coup". August 2, 2020.
  26. ^ Hill, Fiona (September 7, 2021). There Is Nothing for You Here: Finding Opportunity in the Twenty-First Century - Fiona Hill - Google Книги. ISBN 9780358574316. Retrieved September 14, 2022.
  27. ^ "Crisis brewing as El Salvador's Congress votes out top judges". May 2, 2021.
  28. ^ "Saied's Textbook Self-Coup in Tunisia". August 2, 2021.
  29. ^ Tamburini, Francesco (2022). "'How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love Autocracy': Kais Saied's "Constitutional Self-Coup" in Tunisia". Journal of Asian and African Studies. doi:10.1177/00219096221079322. S2CID 246962926.
  30. ^ "OPINION - Tunisia's dangerous moment: A self-coup".
  31. ^ "Sudan's self-coup and four factors that will determine what comes next | African Arguments". October 27, 2021.
  32. ^ Barry S. Levitt (2006), "A Desultory Defense of Democracy: OAS Resolution 1080 and the Inter-American Democratic Charter, Latin American Politics and Society, Volume 48, Issue 3, September 2006, Pages: 93–123. pp104-5
  33. ^ Ingraham, Christopher (January 22, 2021). "Coup attempts usually usher in long stretches of democratic decline, data shows". Washington Post.
  34. ^ Reuters Staff (February 25, 2020). "Mahathir proposes to lead 'unity government' - sources". Malaysiakini.
  35. ^ Call, Charles (January 8, 2021). "No, it's not a coup — It's a failed 'self-coup' that will undermine US leadership and democracy worldwide". Brookings Institution.