Penn Center (Saint Helena Island, South Carolina)

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Penn School Historic District
Brick Church, Penn School (Beaufort County, South Carolina).jpg
Brick Church
Penn Center (Saint Helena Island, South Carolina) is located in South Carolina
Penn Center (Saint Helena Island, South Carolina)
Penn Center (Saint Helena Island, South Carolina) is located in the US
Penn Center (Saint Helena Island, South Carolina)
Nearest city Frogmore, South Carolina
Coordinates 32°23′18″N 80°34′31″W / 32.38830°N 80.57530°W / 32.38830; -80.57530Coordinates: 32°23′18″N 80°34′31″W / 32.38830°N 80.57530°W / 32.38830; -80.57530
Area 47 acres (19 ha)
Built 1855
NRHP Reference # 74001824
Significant dates
Added to NRHP September 9, 1974[1]
Designated NHLD December 2, 1974[2]

The Penn Center, formerly the Penn School, is an African-American cultural and educational center near Frogmore, South Carolina, on Saint Helena Island. Founded in 1862 by missionaries from Pennsylvania, it was the first school founded in the Southern United States specifically for the education of African-Americans. It provided critical educational facilities to Gullah slaves freed after plantation owners fled the island, and continues to fulfill an educational mission. The campus was designated a National Historic Landmark District in 1974.[1] Darrah Hall and Brick Baptist Church on the campus were declared part of Reconstruction Era National Monument in January 2017.[3]

Description and history[edit]

The Penn Center is located about one mile south of Frogmore on Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Boulevard. The 47-acre (19 ha) campus is divided by the road, and includes a number of historic buildings related to the original function as a school, including classrooms, living spaces for students, teachers, and administrators. The dates of construction of many of the buildings is not known, and they are not considered architecturally significant. The oldest building on the campus is the 1855 Brick Church, built by the plantation owners of the island.[4]

At the outbreak of the American Civil War in 1861, Union Army forces quickly captured Saint Helena Island, prompting the local plantation owners to flee. The military administration of the island partitioned the old plantations, giving the land to the former slaves who lived there. The Penn School was established in 1862 Laura Matilda Towne, an abolitionist missionary from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania as a school for the freed slaves, which was named after Towne's state of origin. The Brick Church was used as an early meeting, educational, and administrative space, and the school's first dedicated educational building was constructed in 1864, from prefabricated parts shipped from Pennsylvania. The school remained an active educational institution for the island's population until 1948, when the state took over public education on the island. The institution then became the Penn Center, and as continued an educational mission for the island's preschoolers and adults, as well as maintaining a museum, cultural center, and conference meeting space.[2][4]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ a b "Penn School Historic District". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-03-10. 
  3. ^ "Presidential Proclamation - Reconstruction Era National Monument (U.S. National Park Service)". www.nps.gov. Retrieved 2017-01-17. 
  4. ^ a b James Sheire (August 1974). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Penn Center Historic District / Penn School" (pdf). National Park Service.  and Accompanying two photos, exterior, from 1965 and 1974 (32 KB)

Further reading[edit]

Jordan, Francis Harold (1991). Across the bridge: Penn School and Penn Center (Thesis). Colleges of Education, University of South Carolina. UMI Number: 9214946. 

External links[edit]