|Address||Petropavlovskaya st. 25A|
|Years active||since 1870|
The Perm Tchaikovsky Opera and Ballet Theatre is an opera and ballet theatre in the city of Perm in Russia. It is one of the oldest theatres in the country, and it has remained a major musical centre during its history, in which many significant art events have taken place. Its ballet troupe is one of the most popular in Russia.
The theatre is often named "Tchaikovsky's House", and all stage works of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, who was born in the region, are presented in its repertoire: 10 operas and 3 ballets. Festivals of Tchaikovsky's works were notable cultural events of the country.
The theatre was inaugurated on 24 November 1870 with the premiere performance being Mikhail Glinka's A Life for the Tsar. The building was constructed from 1874 to 1879, after which the first performance took place in the winter of 1879/1880.
A new epoch in the history of the theatre started in 1896. It received the patronage of the city parliament, which decided to finance the theatre and the opera troupe from the city budget. A board of directors was elected for managing the theatre and inviting the artists. The first season after the end of the Civil War opened on 20 August 1921.
During World War II, when the Leningrad State Academic Theatre of Opera and Ballet evacuated its personnel to the city, its performances were given in the Perm theatre. The artists from Leningrad had worked in Perm for three winters and two summers.
In 1956, the Perm theatre was renamed in honor of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky and given Academy status in 1969.
The artists of the theatre have got the Golden Mask Award for many performances:
- 1996: Don Pasquale for Best Actor and Best Actress
- 1998: The Queen of Spades for Best Set Design
- 2004: Ballet Imperial for Best Ballet
- 2009: L'Orfeo for Best Set Design and Best Stage Direction
- 2010: One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich for Best Conductor's Work
- 2012: To See The Music Special Awards of Musical Theatre Jury
- 2013: Così fan tutte for Best Opera Director
- 2013: Medeamaterial for Best Opera Actress
Many opera premieres in Russia were given in this theatre. The theatre held the first festival in the 20th Century of the Russian composer Sergei Prokofiev's work, where it opened with a two-evening version of the opera War and Peace.
There is a good tradition of collaboration with directors and choreographers from Germany, United States, Spain, and Switzerland on the Perm stage. Due to long-term projects between Russia and United States in collaboration with The George Balanchine Foundation and The Jerome Robbins Foundation, the repertoire of the theatre gets many masterpieces of the most distinguished choreographers of the 20th century. For many decades the theatre has been the launch site for many artists who are famous far away from Russia.
Arabesque is a ballet competition headed by Vladimir Vasiliev, which has taken place in Perm since 1990. More than 650 young ballet artists from Russia, former republics of the USSR, Austria, Argentina, Bulgaria, Belarus, China, Croatia, Egypt, Ireland, Japan, Mexico, Mongolia, Slovenia, South Korea, Turkey, United States and Venezuela have participated in it.
International festivals known as the "Diaghilev Seasons: Perm-Petersburg-Paris" have become some of the most visible events in the cultural life of Russia. The festival has taken place in the theatre every two years since 2003.
The ballet troupe performs abroad under the name of The Tchaikovsky Ballet. Promotion of the opera troupe in the United States began with a performance of Mazeppa in Carnegie Hall in January 2008 using the name The Tchaikovsky Theatre.
- Teodor Currentzis – art director
- Marc de Mauny – general manager
- Galina Polushkina – executive director
- Valery Platonov – general conductor
- Alexey Miroshnichenko – general ballet master
- Vitaly Polonsky – general choirmaster
- Auditorium: 972 seats
- Orchestra pit: 50 seats
- Stage: height 21.5 m, width 18 m, depth 14 m
- Proscenium arch: height 8.5 m, width 12 m
The theatre in early 20th-century
- Why this Perm will never go out of fashion
- History of the theatre: The end of the 19th century – The beginning of the 20th century
- "History of the theatre". Archived from the original on 2011-08-30. Retrieved 2010-12-09.
- GOLDEN MASK WINNERS (season 2010 - 2011)
- GOLDEN MASK WINNERS (season 2011 - 2012)
- History of Arabesque
- Diaghilev Festival