Peter Checkland

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Peter Checkland (born 18 December 1930, in Birmingham, UK) is a British management scientist and emeritus professor of systems at Lancaster University. He is the developer of soft systems methodology (SSM): a methodology based on a way of systems thinking systems practice. Systems practice is the idea that real-world problems could be improved with solutions that were both systematically desirable and culturally feasible. In an important way his work preceded data science and change management disciplines in the next century.[1]


Checkland attended George Dixon's Grammar School, and in 1954 received a M.A. degree in chemistry at St John's College, Oxford, where he graduated with 1st class honours.[2]

He worked in the industry for 15 years as a manager in ICI's chemicals business. At the end of the 1960s he joined the pioneering department of Systems Engineering at Lancaster University, where he became professor of Systems. At Lancaster he led a programme of action research. This research team developed a new way of tackling problem situations faced by managers – Soft Systems Methodology. The SSM approach is now used and taught worldwide.[3] Since the 1990s he is Professor Emeritus of Systems in Lancaster University Management School.

Peter Checkland worked on the editorial board of journals such as European Journal of Information Systems; the International Journal of Information Management; the International Journal of General Systems; the Systems Practice; and the Systems Research journal.

In 1986 Peter Checkland was president of the Society for General Systems Research, now International Society for the Systems Sciences. In May 1996 he was awarded an honorary degree from the Open University as Doctor of the University.[citation needed] In 2004 he was awarded an honorary doctorate by the University of Economics, Prague.[3] In 2007 he was awarded the Beale Medal by the OR Society, in recognition of his sustained and significant contribution to the philosophy, theory and practice of operational research.[2] In 2008 he received the INCOSE Pioneer Award.

See also[edit]


Checkland wrote four books on Soft Systems Methodology and several articles and papers:

  • 1981, Systems Thinking, Systems Practice, Wiley [rev 1999 ed]
  • 1990, Soft Systems in Action, Wiley (with Jim Scholes) [rev 1999 ed]
  • 1998, Information, Systems and Information Systems, Wiley (with Sue Holwell)
  • 2006, Learning For Action: A Short Definitive Account of Soft Systems Methodology, and its use Practitioners, Teachers and Students, Wiley (with John Poulter)


  1. ^ Checkland, Peter (1981). Systems Thinking, Systems Practice. Wiley. p. 16.
  2. ^ a b David Brown, Peter Checkland honoured by OR Society Archived 18 March 2011 at the Wayback Machine, LUMS News 28 January 2007.
  3. ^ a b Professor Checkland honoured Archived 18 March 2011 at the Wayback Machine, LUMS News, 2 June 2004

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