Philippine Academy of the Spanish Language
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The Philippine Academy of the Spanish Language (Spanish: Academia Filipina de la Lengua Española; Filipino: Akademyang Pilipino ng Wikang Kastila) is the main Spanish-language regulating body in the Philippines. A member of the Asociación de Academias de la Lengua Española, the Academy is located in Makati City.
Established in Manila on 25 July 1924, the academy is still considered a state institution despite the removal of Spanish as an official language of the Philippines in 1987. Presidential Decree No. 155, signed on 15 March 1973, re-designated Spanish as official, while Section 7, Article XIV of the present 1987 Philippine Constitution specifies Spanish (along with Arabic) as a language to "be promoted on a voluntary and optional basis."
De facto official language
Spanish was the language of government, education and trade throughout the three centuries (333 years) of the Philippines being part of the Spanish Empire and continued to serve as a lingua franca until the first half of the 20th century.
The presidential decision had immediate results. The Under-Secretary of the Department of Education, Vilma L. Labrador, circulated a Memorandum (17/XII/2007), on the "Restoration of the Spanish language in Philippine Education". In it, the Department mandates secondary schools to offer basic and advanced Spanish.
Philippine Spanish (Spanish: Español filipino, Castellano filipino) is a variant of standard Spanish spoken in the Philippines, albeit by an extreme minority. The variant is very similar to Mexican Spanish, because of Mexican and Latin American emigration to the Spanish East Indies over the years. It is regulated by the Academia Filipina de la Lengua Española.
Academics in order of seniority
- Emmo. y Rvdmo. Sr. Cardenal D. Ricardo Vidal.
- Association of Spanish Language Academies
- Latin Union
- Philippine literature in Spanish
- Spanish language in the Philippines
- Spanish Filipino