Philippine Academy of the Spanish Language

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The Philippine Academy of the Spanish Language (Spanish: Academia Filipina de la Lengua Española; Tagalog: Akademyang Filipino ng Wikang Espanyol) is the language regulator for the Spanish language in the Philippines. A member of the Asociación de Academias de la Lengua Española, the Academy is located in Makati.

Background[edit]

Countries with institutes that are members of the ASALE.

Established in Manila on 25 July 1924, the academy is still considered a state institution despite the removal of Spanish as an official language of the Philippines in 1987. Presidential Decree No. 155, signed on 15 March 1973, re-designated Spanish as official, while Section 7, Article XIV of the present 1987 Philippine Constitution specifies Spanish (along with Arabic) as a language to "be promoted on a voluntary and optional basis."

Former President Arroyo, Foreign Affairs Minister Alberto Rómulo, and Emeritus Archbishop of Cebú Cardinal Ricardo Vidal, are among its current directors.

Status of Spanish in the Philippines[edit]

Philippine Spanish (Spanish: español filipino, castellano filipino) is a variant of standard Spanish spoken in the Philippines, albeit by an extreme minority. The historical variant is very similar to Mexican Spanish, because of Mexican and Hispanic American emigration to the Spanish East Indies over the years.

De facto official language[edit]

In the Philippines, even if the official languages are Filipino and English, it is clear that Spanish is considered a de facto official language.

Spanish was the language of government, education and trade throughout the three centuries (333 years) of the Philippines being part of the Spanish Empire and continued to serve as a lingua franca until the first half of the 20th century.

In December 2007, former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo signed a directive in Spain that require the teaching and learning of the Spanish language in the Philippine school system starting in 2008.

The presidential decision had immediate results. The Under-Secretary of the Department of Education, Vilma L. Labrador, circulated a Memorandum (17/XII/2007), on the "Restoration of the Spanish language in Philippine Education". In it, the Department mandates secondary schools to offer basic and advanced Spanish.

Academics[edit]

Directors[edit]

Academics in order of seniority[edit]

Elected Academics[edit]

  • Emmo. y Rvdmo. Sr. Cardenal D. Ricardo Vidal.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]