Philippine Basketball Association draft
The Philippine Basketball Association draft is an annual selection process during which Philippine Basketball Association (PBA) teams can acquire in an agreed-upon order new players from outside the league who are not free agents. The draft began in 1985. Prior to that, teams hired rookies directly.
All players have to be natural-born Filipinos. Persons who chose Filipino citizenship by the age of maturity are considered as natural-born citizens.
For local players the requirements are that they must:
- Be 21 years old at the day of the draft (previously 23). If under 21 years of age, the player must have completed four years of college,
- Be a college graduate or four years removed from his high school graduation, and,
- Play at least one conference in the PBA Developmental League or for the Philippine men's national basketball team.
Filipino-foreigners have the same requirements as locals except they must:
- Play at least two conferences in the PBA Developmental League. If 27 years old or older, the player may no longer play in the PBA D-League.
- Have documents from the Department of Justice and the Bureau of Immigration and Deportation proving their Filipino citizenship.
Imports -- non-natural-born Filipinos -- do not enter the league via the draft. They are directly signed by teams, and only play in some conferences. Naturalized citizens can only play in the league as imports.
The natural drafting order is determined by the teams' final rankings within each conference from the previous season, with rankings from the PBA Philippine Cup having heavier weight; the team with the worst picks first, and the team with best winning percentage picking last in the first round. In the second round, the natural drafting order is followed, the team with the second worst winning percentage will pick first then the worst will pick second. The worst and second worst team will change places in the following rounds.
The drafting order is also subject to change if a team deals their draft picks in trades.
Before 2015, a draft lottery determines which team gets the first overall draft pick, but in a much smaller scale; only the two worst-performing teams in the preceding season participate. The team with the worst record has a 67% chance of clinching the #1 seed while the second-worst only gets a 33% chance. The draft lottery is usually held prior to the finals of the final conference of the season. The draft lottery was abandoned after the controversies that aroused during the lottery for the first pick of the 2014 draft.
Number of rounds
Starting in the 2005 draft, the league has limited the draft into two rounds, with all undrafted players will become free agents; prior to 2005, drafting goes on until all the teams have passed. However, in the 2011 PBA Draft, the league allowed the draft to continue until all teams have passed. The two-round restriction of the draft was attributed to an agreement between the PBA and the Philippine Basketball League (PBL), which also included a development fee to the PBL team from which the player was drafted. This was removed in 2011 as the PBL had folded, and amateur players played in the PBA D-League instead.
Undrafted players automatically become free agents and can sign up with any team.
There are three expansion drafts in the league's history. The first was in 1990, in which the new teams Pepsi Hotshots and the Pop Cola Sizzlers selected up to six players from the expansion pool, which is made up of three players from each of the six existing franchises. The second was in 2000, where newcomers Batang Red Bull Energizers selected players from the draft.
An expansion draft for new teams Blackwater Elite and Kia Sorento was held on July 18, 2014, so that both team can form its rosters for the 2014–15 season. The 10 existing PBA franchises protected up to 12 players in their roster. Two time MVP Danny Ildefonso of the Meralco Bolts was selected as the first pick of the expansion draft by Blackwater, followed by Reil Cervantes of Barako Bull by Kia.
Carry over amateurs
If a new franchise also has an existing franchise from the Philippine Basketball League (PBL), the franchise may be given by the PBA an option of selecting from their PBL team several players to be directly elevated to their PBA team. This was last given to the Welcoat Dragons, who elevated three players from their PBL team. This is no longer the option for new franchises which were formerly PBA D-League franchises.
List of first overall picks
Flags indicate the country were the player studied college; all players are Filipinos until proven otherwise, like Sonny Alvarado's case where he fled the country as his citizenship was being questioned.
*Locsin studied at Saint Benilde while he was playing for De La Salle.
**Aguilar played for Ateneo before playing for WKU.
***Slaughter played for UV before playing for Ateneo.
|De La Salle||4|
- If PBA draft is held today, this team will hit the jackpot - and it's not Blackwater, spin.ph, April 10, 2015
- "Again, Welcoat to pick first in PBA rookie draft". GMANews.tv. 2008-08-02. Retrieved 2009-02-02.
- Salud says sorry for 'crude' conduct of PBA draft lottery, but insists it was an honest draw, Snow Badua, spin.ph, July 4, 2014
- PBA rules out re-draw of draft lottery after board settles controversy in emergency meeting, Richard Dy, spin.ph, July 5, 2014
- Belen, Reynaldo (August 23, 2011). "PBA allows draft to last beyond two rounds". Interaksyon.com. Retrieved August 23, 2011.
- No direct hires for three PBA expansion teams, but board relents to 'Protect 12' scheme, additional draft picks, Karlo Sacamos, spin.ph, April 24, 2014
- PBA expansion teams given more draft rights, Nelson Beltran, The Philippine Star, April 24, 2014
- FLASH: Blackwater makes Danny Ildefonso the first pick of PBA dispersal draft, Snow Badua, spin.ph, July 18, 2014