Philippine Basketball Association
|Current season, competition or edition:
2016 PBA Governors' Cup
PBA logo used since 1993
|Founded||April 9, 1975
Quezon City, Philippines
|Motto||Liga ng mga Bida
(League of Heroes)
|No. of teams||12|
|2015–16 Philippine - San Miguel Beermen
2016 Commissioner's - Rain or Shine Elasto Painters
2015 Governors' - San Miguel Beermen
|Most titles||San Miguel Beermen (22 titles)|
|Official website||PBA (Operated by Inquirer Interactive Inc.)|
The Philippine Basketball Association (PBA) is a men's professional basketball league in the Philippines composed of twelve company-branded franchised teams. It is the first professional basketball league in Asia and is the second oldest continuously existing in the world after the NBA. The league's regulations are a hybrid of rules from the NBA.
The league played its first game at the Araneta Coliseum in Quezon City on April 9, 1975. Their main offices are located along Eulogio Rodriguez Jr. Avenue (C-5 road), Eastwood City, Libis, Quezon City. The league is currently headed by commissioner Chito Narvasa.
- 1 History
- 2 Season format
- 3 Teams
- 4 Rules
- 5 Key figures
- 6 PBA champions
- 7 PBA records and clubs
- 8 Rivalries
- 9 Media coverage
- 10 Playing venues
- 11 Current season
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 External links
The Philippine Basketball Association was founded when nine teams left the now-defunct Manila Industrial and Commercial Athletic Association (MICAA), which was tightly controlled by the Basketball Association of the Philippines (BAP), the FIBA-recognized national association at the time. With the BAP controlling the MICAA, the league was de jure amateur, as players were only paid allowances. This is much like what was done in other countries to circumvent the amateur requirement and to play in FIBA-sanctioned tournaments such as the Olympics. MICAA team owners are not pleased on how BAP, then led by Gonzalo "Lito" Puyat are taking away their players to join the national team without consulting them first. The teams that bolted away from the MICAA are the Carrier Weathermakers, Crispa Redmanizers, Mariwasa-Noritake Porcelainmakers, Presto Ice Cream, Royal Tru-Orange, Seven-Up Uncolas, Tanduay Distillery, Toyota Comets and the U/Tex Weavers. Leopoldo Prieto, the coach for the Philippines at the 1956 Melbourne Olympics, was appointed as the first commissioner and Emerson Coseteng of Mariwasa-Noritake was chosen as the first president of the league's Board of Governors. The first game of the league was held at the Araneta Coliseum on April 9, 1975, featuring Mariwasa-Noritake and Concepcion Carrier.
The league's first 10 years was known for the intense rivalry of the Crispa Redmanizers and the Toyota Tamaraws, still considered as one of the greatest rivalries in league history. Big names such as Robert Jaworski, Ramon Fernandez, Francis Arnaiz, Atoy Co, Bogs Adornado and Philip Cezar played for those squads before the two teams disbanded in 1983 and 1984 respectively. Following their disbandment, the league moved from the Araneta Coliseum to ULTRA in Pasig. There, the league continued to be popular, as several former Toyota and Crispa players suited up for different teams.
During the mid to late 80s, Jaworski and Ginebra San Miguel became the league's most popular squad for their "never say die" attitude. The team had intense rivalries with the Tanduay Rhum Masters and Jaworski's then-rival Fernandez, and later the expansion Purefoods Corporation and players Alvin Patrimonio, Jerry Codiñera, Jojo Lastimosa and Fernandez.
In 1989, FIBA voted to allow professionals to play in their sanctioned tournaments, hence the PBA's players are now able to represent the country internationally. In 1990, the league sent its first all-professional squad to the Asian Games, earning a silver medal. The PBA would later send three more all-pro squads to the event.
The early 1990s saw Ginebra and Shell forming an intense rivalry that included Ginebra's walkout in 1990 finals against Shell and the team's dramatic comeback from a 3-1 deficit to beat Shell in the 1991 First Conference. Patrimonio, Allan Caidic, and a host of others became the league's main attraction.
From 1999-2000, the PBA endured controversy. Several expatriate cagers arrived on the scene (such as Asi Taulava, Danny Seigle and Eric Menk). Their lineage was questionable and most of them were deported for falsifying documents. The arrival of dozens of these players was a counter to the fledging Metropolitan Basketball Association, a regional-based professional league formed in 1998. After ABS-CBN's 2001 abandonment, the MBA faced mounting expenses and would fold within a year. Despite the MBA's disbandment and the arrival of those players to the PBA, attendance went sour for the PBA in 2002 and was even worse the following year.
In 2004, the league introduced drastic scheduling changes, when it decided to begin the season in October instead of January. The change in starting the season allowed the league to accommodate international tournaments held from June to September and it fit better with college hoops, the NCAA and the UAAP, whose seasons run from June to October. The league also reduced the number of conferences from three to two, renaming the All-Filipino Cup as the Philippine Cup and introducing a new import laden tournament named as the Fiesta Conference. To accommodate these changes, a transitional tournament, the 2004 PBA Fiesta Conference was held from February to July, which was won by the Barangay Ginebra Kings. The league also began to hold the annual All-Star weekend in the provinces, alternating from Luzon and Visayas/Mindanao provinces every year.
The league regained some popularity by this year, thanks in large part to Barangay Ginebra's three PBA championships led by Eric Menk, Jayjay Helterbrand and Mark Caguioa. Solid marketing and arrival of collegiate stars from the UAAP and the NCAA also worked in the PBA's favor.
By 2005, the league would take on the role of Philippine national representation under Chot Reyes, when FIBA lifted the suspension of the country following the formation of the Samahang Basketbol ng Pilipinas despite a ninth-place finish in the 2007 FIBA Asia Championship. In 2009, however, the all-amateur Smart Gilas team became the country's official representative in international competitions. The PBA's role in forming a national team was thus reduced to sending up reinforcements to beef up the national squad.
After the appointment of Chito Salud, son of former commissioner Rudy Salud as the commissioner of the PBA, the league returned the three-conference format starting in the 2010-11 season. This also ushered the return of the previously retired conferences, the Commissioner's and Governors' cups.
The beginning of 2010's also saw the dominance of the Talk 'N Text Tropang Texters, who nearly got the Grand Slam in the 2010–11 season and won the Philippine Cup in three consecutive years (2010–11, 2011–12, 2012–13) enabling them to permanently keep possession of the Jun Bernardino Trophy, the trophy given to the Philippine Cup champions.
On May 19, 2013, the third game of the PBA Commissioner's Cup Finals between the Alaska Aces and the Barangay Ginebra San Miguel set the all-time basketball attendance record of 23,436 at the Smart Araneta Coliseum, which broke the previous record of 23,108 set 11 days earlier that featured the semifinals series doubleheader between Alaska vs. San Mig Coffee and Barangay Ginebra vs. Talk 'N Text. This record was eventually broken on February 12, 2014, when the seventh game of the 2013-14 PBA Philippine Cup Semifinals series between Barangay Ginebra San Miguel and San Mig Super Coffee Mixers set the all-time basketball attendance record of 24,883.
The 2013–14 season became historic as the San Mig Super Coffee Mixers became the fourth team to win the Grand Slam. Tim Cone, the coach of the Coffee Mixers also made history when he became the first coach to win two Grand Slams.
For the 2014–15 season, the league expanded to twelve teams, after accepting two new franchises: Kia Sorento and Blackwater Elite. The league held its opening ceremonies at the Philippine Arena and set an all-time Philippine basketball attendance record of 52,612.
On February 15, 2015, in the middle of the 2014–15 PBA season, commissioner Chito Salud announced that he will step down as the league's commissioner and will be succeeded by Atty. Chito Narvasa starting the 2015–16 PBA season. Salud was then appointed as the President and CEO of the league, when the board of governors decided to restructure the league and create the President/CEO position to manage the league's marketing, expansion and business-related matters. The Commissioner (who will also be the league's Chief Operating Officer) will handle game-related matters.
Salud, however, also stepped down as the league's President and CEO on December 31, 2015 and was replaced by incumbent PBA chairman Robert Non.
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Unlike other leagues, there is no "season champion" of the PBA. Instead, the season is divided into conferences or tournaments (not to be confused with the definition of a "conference" in a sporting context as a grouping of teams based on geography or historical affiliation), wherein the teams compete for a conference cup. The winners of the conference cups do not face each other at the end of the season to determine the season; instead all conference champions are league champions, with the Philippine Cup being the most prestigious conference of the season.
A season was usually composed of three conferences. Since the 2010-11 season, the conferences were named Philippine, Commissioner's and Governors' Cups, usually ending in a best-of-seven series where the winner took the conference cup. If the same team won all of the conferences, the team was said to be the "Grand Slam" champion. A draft was held in August with the season-ending Governors Cup ending in July. An opening ceremonies is held before the start of the first game of the season.
All franchises are owned by corporations. They are not based on geographic locale, so they do not play in a "home stadium". The league rents the different stadiums in which the teams play.
A team's name is often divided into three parts; the first is the company name, then the product, then a nickname - usually connected to the business of the company. For example, the San Mig Super Coffee Mixers (currently known as the Star Hotshots) is a team owned by San Miguel Pure Foods Company, Inc., with the "coffee mixers" nickname denoting the San Mig Super Coffee product. Product names are sometimes omitted or merged with the team's nickname. Though the company name rarely changes, the product name and nickname change frequently, maximizing the publicity that the league can give to a company's goods.
- (♯) - Denotes a San Miguel Corporation subsidiary.
- (°) - Denotes an MVP group subsidiary.
- (**) - The San Miguel Beermen took a leave of absence from the first two conferences of the 1986 season.
Barangay Ginebra owns the distinction of being the most popular team in the league. Its popularity can be traced to the recruitment of the backcourt tandem of Robert Jaworski and Francis Arnaiz, both former Toyota players. Fans of Toyota followed the two stalwarts to Ginebra after the Toyota team disbanded in 1983.
In 2008, however, a survey showed that Purefoods shares the honor of the league's most popular ballclub with Ginebra. It appeared that Ginebra was the most popular team among men, while Purefoods was the most popular among women. Also, Ginebra was more popular in Metro Manila and Luzon and in classes ABC, while Purefoods was more popular in Visayas and Mindanao and in class D. The two teams were tied for most supporters in class E. In terms of percentage of supporters, the survey showed that, after Ginebra and Purefoods (which both got 31%), are Magnolia (21%), Alaska (13%), Sta. Lucia (5%), Red Bull (4%), Talk N' Text (3%), Coca-Cola (1%), and Air 21 (1%).
Notably, the top three teams that have the most supporters have also been considered as the most talent-laden teams. They also fall under the San Miguel Corporation umbrella. With these three teams acquiring players through allegedly lopsided trades and performing strong in the past several seasons, the PBA has been considered by some as an "SMC league".
Defunct and guest teams
Among guest teams, most notable was the American Nicholas Stoodley team that won the 1980 Invitational Conference.
- A game consists of four 12-minute quarters, the NBA standard.
- The three-point line's distance is set back to 6.75 m (22.1 feet), which is the FIBA's three-point distance for international competitions.
- Post up players can now muscle their way into the basket without automatically getting a foul called.
- A player can now hang on the rim after a dunk without getting called for a technical foul.
- Zone defenses are allowed.
- A team enters the penalty situation after the fifth foul in a quarter, with each successive foul entitling the fouled player to two free-throw attempts. In the last two minutes of regulation, teams are only allowed one foul to give, as in NBA rules. Overtime periods allow each team two fouls in the first three minutes and one foul in the last two minutes, as in NBA rules.
- Newcomers enter the league via a draft.
- Non-Filipinos can play as "imports" and only in certain conferences. Currently in the Commissioner's Cup, imports are allowed. Teams that participated in the playoffs during the immediately preceding Philippine Cup are restricted to playing imports no taller than 6'9"; non-playoff teams have no height limitation for imports. In the Governor's Cup imports within the height limit of 6'5" are allowed to play.
- The league implements the Trent Tucker Rule.
- An advantage foul, similar to the "unsportsmanlike foul" of FIBA rules, is called when the offensive player is fouled by an opposing player while in a fastbreak situation without going for the ball. The offense is given two free throws and regains the ball.
The league is currently headed by a President and Chief Executive Officer (CEO), a Commissioner and Chief Operating Officer, and the Chairman of the PBA Board of Governors. The President/CEO will handle the marketing and administration aspects of the league while the Commissioner/COO will handle the technical, game related concerns of the PBA and its developmental league. The Chairman of the PBA Board of Governors is being elected before the start of the season among each of the league's representatives to the board.
- Atty. Chito Salud (September 1 - December 31, 2015)
- Robert Non (officer-in-charge, January 1, 2016 - March 6, 2016)
- Atty. Chito Narvasa (March 7, 2016 – present)
- Leo Prieto (1975–1983)
- Col. Mariano Yenko (1983–1987)
- Atty. Rodrigo Salud (1988–1992)
- Rey Marquez (1992–1993)
- Jun Bernardino (1993–2002)
- Noli Eala (2003–2007)
- Sonny Barrios (2008–2010), (officer-in-charge from 2007–08)
- Atty. Chito Salud (2010–2015)
- Atty. Chito Narvasa (2015–present)
Board of Governors Presidents/Chairmen
- 1975 - Emerson Coseteng (Mariwasa-Norikate Porcelainmakers)
- 1976-1982 - Domingo Itchon (Tanduay Rhum Esquires)
- 1983-1986 - Carlos "Honeyboy" Palanca III (Ginebra San Miguel)
- 1987-1990 - Rey Marquez (Formula Shell Spark Aiders)
- 1991-1993 - Luis "Moro" Lorenzo, Sr. (Pepsi Hotshots)
- 1994 - Wilfred Steven Uytengsu (Alaska Milkmen)
- 1995 - Jose Concepcion III (Sunkist Orange Juicers)
- 1996 - Teodoro Dimayuga (Purefoods TJ Hotdogs)
- 1997 -
- 1998 - Bernabe Navarro (Ginebra San Miguel)
- 1999 - Reynaldo Gamboa (Formula Shell Zoom Masters)
- 2000 - Wilfred Steven Uytengsu (Alaska Milkmen)
- 2001 - Ignatius Yengco (Talk 'N Text Phone Pals)
- 2002 - Francisco Alejo III (Purefoods TJ Hotdogs)
- 2003 - Casiano Cabalan, Jr.(Barangay Ginebra Kings)
- 2004–05 - Manuel Encarnado (Sta. Lucia Realtors)
- 2005–06 - Eliezer Capacio (San Miguel Beermen)
- 2006–07 - Victorino Vargas (Talk 'N Text Phone Pals)
- 2007–08 - Tony Chua (Red Bull Barako)
- 2008–09 - Joaqui Trillo (Alaska Aces)
- 2009–10 - Alberto Alvarez (Air21 Express)
- 2010–11 - Rene Pardo (B-Meg Llamados)
- 2011–12 - Mamerto Mondragon (Rain or Shine Elasto Painters)
- 2012–13 - Robert Non (Barangay Ginebra San Miguel)
- 2013–14 - Ramon Segismundo (Meralco Bolts)
- 2014–15 - Patrick Gregorio (Talk 'N Text Tropang Texters)
- 2015–16 - Robert Non (San Miguel Beermen)
In a 41-year historical period, Filipino basketball fans have seen the likes of Samboy Lim, Allan Caidic, Hector Calma, Ramon Fernandez, Robert Jaworski, Benjie Paras, Ronnie Magsanoc, Alvin Patrimonio, Vergel Meneses, Johnny Abarrientos, Danny Seigle and Danny Ildefonso take center stage. Ramon Fernandez and Alvin Patrimonio are the only players to win four Most Valuable Player (MVP) awards.
Benjie Paras was the first and only player to win the league Rookie of the Year and MVP awards in the same year (1989). Vergel Meneses is the only player to win four All-Star MVP awards, while Danny Ildefonso is the only player to have won five Philippine Basketball Association Best Player of the Conference Awards.
The league has awarded the MVP award since 1975 and the Rookie of the Year award since 1976. Other lesser awards are handed out at the end of the season; the Best Player or the Conference and Best Import of the Conference awards are handed out at the end of the conferences.
The San Miguel franchise currently is the winningest active team with 22 titles followed by the Alaska Aces with 14 and the Purefoods Corporation Franchise with 13. Among disbanded teams, the Crispa Redmanizers have the most titles with 13, while rival Toyota Super Corollas ended up with nine. The Jun Bernardino Trophy is awarded to the winner of the Philippine Cup while the Commissioner's and Governors' cups were awarded to their respective tournament winners.
PBA records and clubs
There are all-time records written in Philippine Basketball Association records, as well as distinctions like the PBA career scoring leaders, PBA 2,000 Assists Club, PBA 500 Three-Point Club, PBA 600 Most Game Club, and PBA Top 40 Rebounder.
The most famous matchup was the Crispa-Toyota rivalry of the 1970s. Fans faithfully supported their favorite squads and appeared in the multitudes at the Araneta Coliseum, or wherever the archrivals had met. In those days, the players were very passionate. On one occasion, they engaged in a major brawl, leading to the arrest and detention of several players from both clubs at Fort Bonifacio.
The most heated rivalry in the PBA today is that of two teams representing the Ginebra franchise and the Purefoods franchise. The rivalry is now commonly known as the Manila Clasico. It traces its roots on the original Añejo–Purefoods rivalry of the late 1980s to early 1990s.
Other short-lived or less intense rivalries include:
- Manila Clasico - Purefoods/San Mig Coffee/B-Meg VS Ginebra/Añejo/Gordon's Gin (late 1980s to present rivalry)
- Tanduay vs Ginebra (1986-1987 rivalry)
- Añejo/Ginebra vs Shell (1990s rivalry)
- San Miguel–Purefoods rivalry (late 1980s to present rivalry)
- Purefoods-Swift rivalry (1990s corporate rivalry)
- Purefoods vs. Alaska (1990s rivalry)
- Añejo/Ginebra vs San Miguel (late-1980s to present rivalry)
- Ginebra/Gordon's Gin vs Alaska (late-1980s to present rivalry)
- Alaska–San Miguel rivalry (late 1990s to 2000s rivalry, 2015-present)
- Red Bull vs. the San Miguel franchises (Barangay Ginebra, San Miguel and Purefoods, 2000-2007)
- Talk 'N Text vs. San Miguel/Petron (2010-2011)
- Purefoods/San Mig Coffee/B-Meg vs. Rain or Shine (2009–present, "New Age Rivalry or Kontrapelo")
The PBA has been covered by television and other media since its opening day. Their current TV and radio partner is Sports5. Games are being aired on television via TV5 and PBA Rush with the latter aired in high definition. Radio broadcast is being aired on Radyo5 92.3 News FM. The PBA can also be watched worldwide on AksyonTV International
- PBA on KBS (1975, 1977)
- PBA on BBC (1976)
- PBA on GTV (1978-1981)
- PBA on Vintage Sports (1982-1999)
- PBA on Viva TV (2000-2002)
- Aired on IBC from 2000 to 2002
- PBA on NBN and IBC (2003)
- Parallel broadcasts on NBN and IBC; later IBC simulcasts of the NBN broadcasts. IBC stopped airing the games on October 2003.
- PBA on ABC (2004-2008)
- Became known as the PBA on TV5 after ABC re-formatted on August 2008.
- PBA on Solar Sports (2008-2011)
- PBA on Sports5 (2011-present)
- Aired on IBC from October 2011 to May 2013 under the AKTV on IBC block. The last AKTV programming block aired until May 31, 2013 due to expiration of the blocktime agreement contract between MediaQuest Holdings and IBC.
- Aired on TV5 starting with the 2013 PBA Commissioner's Cup Finals. It was moved to IBC under the Sports5 production on August 14, 2013 to September 2013. Airs on primetime (weekdays) and late afternoon (weekends) starting from the 2013-14 season.
- Aired on TV5 since November 17, 2013. Simulcast with AksyonTV from November 2013 to July 2015.
- Simulcast in high definition on Cignal HD Channel 198 with no commercial breaks from May 2014 to present. Broadcast with English commentary since January 2016.
- Simulcast in high definition on Hyper with no commercial breaks from January 2016 to May 2016 in English commentary.
- Simulcast in high definition on PBA Rush from July 2016 to present in English commentary.
- Aired via live streaming on www.sports5.ph from October 2014 to present
- PBA on Fox Sports (2013-2016)
- Live simulcast of Sunday doubleheaders in English commentary.
A majority of elimination round games are held in the Smart Araneta Coliseum in Quezon City and the Mall of Asia Arena in Pasay City. When both arenas are unavailable, the alternate venues are the Cuneta Astrodome in Pasay and the PhilSports Arena in Pasig City. Occasionally, provincial games are hosted in selected venues throughout the country. Playoff games are usually held at venues in Metro Manila, most often at the Smart Araneta Coliseum. However, recent incentives to promote the league throughout the country have resulted in out-of-town games.
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- Big Dome still main PBA venue, but MOA Arena an alternative option | InterAKTV
- Hataw Tabloid