Ponhea Yat

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Ponhea Yat
Barom Reachea II
King of Cambodia
Reign 1405–1463
Predecessor Thoma Saok
Successor Narayana Reachea
Born 1396
Yasodharapura
Died 1466 (aged 70)
Chaktomuk
Burial Wat Phnom
Issue Narayana Reachea
Srey Reachea
Thoma Reachea
Religion Buddhism

Ponhea Yat (Khmer: ពញាយ៉ាត; Thai: พญาญาติ, rtgsPhaya Yat; 1396–1466), also known as Barom Reachea II (Khmer: បរមរាជាទី២; Thai: บรมราชาที่ ๒, rtgsBorommaracha Thi Song), was the last king of the Khmer Empire. He was a son of Khamkhat.

He dispatched Kun Si-li Ren-nong-la to visit China.[1]

Chau Ponea Yat complained to the Yongle Emperor in 1408 and 1414 of raids by the Champa King Jaya Simhavarman V.[2]:114,218

He was forced to flee Yasodharapura in 1431 as indefensible against the Siamese, resettling first in Basan (Srey Santhor), and after that became flooded, to Chaktomuk (now part of Phnom Penh).[3]:236–237

In Phnom Penh, the king ordered the land to be built up to protect it from flooding, and a palace to be built. During his reign King Ponhea Yat also ordered the construction of six Buddhist monasteries around the city, and his remains are housed in a stupa behind the Wat Phnom.

King Ponhea Yat was succeeded on his death by his first son Narayana Reachea, who reigned until 1469 and who was succeeded in turn by Ponhea Yat's second son, Srey Reachea.

Stupa of Ponhea Yat at Wat Phnom.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://epress.nus.edu.sg/msl/entry/907
  2. ^ Maspero, G., 2002, The Champa Kingdom, Bangkok: White Lotus Co., Ltd., ISBN 9747534991
  3. ^ Coedès, George (1968). Walter F. Vella, ed. The Indianized States of Southeast Asia. trans.Susan Brown Cowing. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-0368-1. 
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Thoma Saok
King of the Khmer Empire
1405–1431
Succeeded by
None
Preceded by
Thoma Saok
King of Cambodia
1431–1463
Succeeded by
Narayana Racha