Popular Republican Union (2007)
|Founded||25 March 2007|
|Headquarters||15, rue Érard 75012 PARIS|
|Political position||Right-wing to Far-right|
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Popular Republican Union (French: Union Populaire Républicaine), is a French political party, founded in 2007 by François Asselineau. The ideology of the party is eurosceptic, and seeks the withdrawal of France from the European Union, the euro and NATO.
- 1 History
- 2 Ideology
- 3 Relationship with the media and Internet activism
- 4 Popular support and electoral record
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
After leaving the UMP (2006) and the Rally for an Independent and Sovereign France (RIF) where Asselineau was a member of the steering committee for 3 months, in 2007, for the 50th anniversary of the Rome Treaty signature, he created the Popular Republican Union (UPR).
UPR runs on an anti-EU platform stating that all French policy decisions are made by an "unelected oligarchy, not French," leading to the political disaffection of the French public, and that the continued rule of the EU over European affairs will lead to a "global apartheid". UPR promotes that withdrawal from the European Union and the euro by the usage of TEU Article 50 as a first step to get France out of its current crisis by regaining capital, goods and person flow regulation control. For military sovereignty, UPR advocates France withdrawal from the NATO.
Relationship with the media and Internet activism
In February 2012, François Asselineau and his party, UPR, claimed they were "barred from the major media" ("barrés des grands médias") and "banned from going on the air" ("interdits d'antenne") as "[their] ideas are upsetting" ("[leur] discours dérange"). In 2014, UPR described itself as being "the most censored party in France".
On 23 April 2014, François Asselineau's party sent a registered letter to Conseil supérieur de l'audiovisuel (Audiovisual Superior Council) to demand "urgent action regarding the mainstream broadcasting media to have them accept UPR at last in their broadcasts".
The "news blackout" that Asselineau allegedly had to deal with was criticized again after the 2014 European elections, as his party obtained slightly more votes than Nouveau Parti anticapitaliste (0.41% vs 0.39%) without further attracting attention from the mainstream media.
In March 2012, Asselineau complained about the "censorship" he faced on French Wikipedia from which his article had been deleted several times for lack of renown. In February 2013, UPR complained about what it called "the ill treatment of François Asselineau and UPR on Wikipedia", with an extended report on the subject established by the "Groupe Wiki de l’UPR – Cybermilitantisme" (the "UPR Wiki Group- Internet activism").
Asselineau and his team are very active on the Internet: UPR claim to have developed "solely on the Internet" ("exclusivement en ligne") and bank above all on this activism to try to become notable. Rudy Reichstadt characterizes UPR as "a real phenomenon on the Internet", noting that it is "difficult to miss it when one is interested in the conspiracist circles" ("difficile de passer à côté lorsqu’on s’intéresse à la mouvance complotiste"). In 2012, UPR created the position of "national manager for Internet activism" ("responsable national au cybermilitantisme"), whose responsibility is to develop and coordinate the various people conducting such activism ("actions cybermilitantes").
However, there has been some backlash to this activism. Laurent de Boissieu mentions the harassment that "every journalist has had to deal with, one day or another, at the hands of some UPR activists". Laurent Ruquier likewise noted that he invited François Asselineau to On n'est pas couché because of incessant Twitter pressure. After the broadcast of this program, an article on the collaborative website of L'Obs (Le Plus) expressed doubts about the granting of speaking time to "this kind of conspiracist", while Causeur suggested that Laurent Ruquier had in fact invited Asselineau in order to ridicule his anti-European ideas.
Popular support and electoral record
UPR claim to be a growing party despite what they deem to be "a blacklisting from the national media". The party has thus developed exclusively online strategies; Asselineau's conferences, for instance, have gathered more than two million views. UPR states theirs is the most visited French political party website as evidenced by their Alexa rank.
In 2013, the university researcher, Jean-Yves Camus doubts the reality of membership figures
The 15 December 2016, UPR knows a large success : it counts from now on 14 000 membership, with an average of +26 membership per day.
|18 April 2017||25000|
|15 December 2016||14000|||
|25 February 2015||>7000|||
|21 May 2014||5000|||
|3 March 2014||4200|||
|24 September 2013||3300|||
|10 June 2013||≤3000|||
|29 May 2013||2960|||
|29 February 2012||≈1000|||
2012 presidential election
Asselineau confirmed his candidacy for the 2012 French presidential election in December 2011 during the national congress of the party. Asselineau was finally not among the ten candidates officially endorsed by the Constitutional council as he could muster only 17 signatures from elected officials out of the necessary 500
2012 legislative elections
Asselineau and Régis Chamagne ran for the legislative election in the Lot-et-Garonne's 3rd constituency UPR failed to reach the second round, receiving less than one half of one percent of the vote.
2014 European Parliament election
The party participated in the 2014 European Parliament election. However, a limited budget restricted active campaign mailings to only thirty departments. UPR scored 0.41% of votes cast for France and Asselineau scored 0.56% of votes cast in the Île-de-France constituency.
2015 departmental elections
UPR ran in the 2015 departmental elections with 14 lists out of the 2,054 cantons. They intended to alert electors notably on UPR's program and that the local situation is the consequence of national and international circumstances.[clarification needed] They were hoping to score honorably.
2015 regional elections
In the regional elections of 2015, the UPR has just under 2,000 candidates in the 12 new continental metropolitan areas and in an overseas region, Reunion Island, which Slate calls "Amazing Performance For this political formation without elected, nor public funding ". François Asselineau is the leader in Île-de-France. The UPR proposes "the organization of referendums on major regional issues, such as the Olympic Games in Île-de-France or Notre-Dame-des-Landes in the Pays-de-la-Loire" Referendums of popular initiative at the regional level ", the renovation of high schools and the improvement of public transport.
On the national level, the UPR collects 0.87% of the votes cast (189 330 votes). In the Ile-de-France region, the list led by François Asselineau received 0.94% of the votes cast (29 755 votes). The UPR invites voters to abstain on the second round of the election.
2017 presidential election
Asselineau declared that he would seek to run in the 2017 French presidential election, and managed to secure the 500 necessary sponsorships required to be listed on the first-round ballot.
|Election year||Candidate||# of 1st round votes||% of 1st round vote||# of 2nd round votes||% of 2nd round vote||Won/Loss|
- "After Marathon French Presidential Debate, Favorite Emmanuel Macron Now Tied With Marine Le Pen". Newsweek. 6 April 2017.
- "'Convinced European' Macron forced to call for EU reform in brutal French election debate". Daily Express. 5 April 2017.
- De Boissieu, Laurent. "Rassemblement pour l'indépendance et la souveraineté de la France (RIF)", France-politique.fr, 21 October 2011. Retrieved on 1 October 2013.
- Dupont, Isabelle. "Un petit candidat contre la grande Europe", Nord éclair, February 29, 2012. Retrieved on 1 October 2013
- De Boissieu, Laurent. "Ces "petits" candidats qui veulent se faire entendre", La croix, March 15, 2012. Retrieved on 1 October 2013
- Schrepf, Jerôme. "Villeneuve-sur-lot. L'UPR entre conquête et résistance", LaDépêche.fr, May 24, 2013. Retrieved on 1 October 2013
- Moulinier, Ève. "François Asselineau, le candidat qui dit non à l’UE", Le Dauphiné Libéré page 4, 12 February 2012. Retrieved on 1 October 2013
- Yann Thompson, Européennes: la galère des petits candidats, France Télévisions, 21 May 2014
- Laure Daussy (24 September 2014). "Mais qui est François Asselineau, le souverainiste sans page Wikipedia ?" [But who is François Asselineau, the "souverainist" without a Wikipedia page?]. Arrêt sur images. Archived from the original on 27 September 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2014. (Registration required (. ))
- Guillaume Champeau (13 March 2012). "François Asselineau retrouve sa page Wikipédia, provisoirement". Numerama. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- "Qui est vraiment l'UPR ?". Marianne. 24 June 2014.
- Législative partielle: la galaxie des micro-partis, Sud-Ouest, 11 June 2013.
- Qui est François Asselineau ?, Valeurs actuelles, September 22d, 2014
- Laurent de Boissieu. "Réponse ouverte à François Asselineau". ipolitique.fr. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
- on YouTube, at 2 mn 10" (accessed on October 4th, 2014).
- Pothier, Louise; Merlin, Caroline (23 September 2014). "ONPC. En invitant François Asselineau, Laurent Ruquier cède à la pression des complotistes". Le Plus de L'Obs (Collaborative website of the magazine)..
- On ne touche pas à l’Europe chez Ruquier…, Causeur, September 22d, 2014
- "Qui est François Asselineau?", Valeurs Actuelles, 3 March 2014. Retrieved on 13 March 2014.
- Lemonnier, Jérôme. "Les « petits partis » partent à l’assaut des européennes", Essone Info, 22 May 2014. Retrieved on 24 June 2014.
- Législative partielle: la galaxie des micro-partis, Sud-Ouest, Grégoire Morizet , 11 June 2013.
- Roca, Fanny. "Départementales 2015. L'union populaire républicaine investit le canton de Solliès", Var-Matin, 25 February 2015. Retrieved on 29 May 2015.
- Thompson, Yann. "Européennes : la galère des petits candidats", France TV, 21 May 2014. Retrieved on 24 June 2014.
- "L'UPR vise les Européennes", Paris Normandie.fr, Saint-Aubin-sur-Gaillon, 25 September 2013. Retrieved on 6 July 2015.
- Olivari, Candice. "Les candidats à l'élection législative partielle en Lot-et-Garonne", France 3, June 10, 2013. Retrieved on 1 October 2013
- Houchard, Béatrice. "Trois recalés de la présidentielle en repêchage à Villeneuve-sur-Lot", Le Figaro, May 30, 2013. Retrieved on 1 October 2013
- Houchard, Béatrice. "Asselineau candidat à la présidentielle", Le Parisien, 3 December 2011. Retrieved on 1 October 2013
- "Villeneuve-sur-Lot: après la démission de Cahuzac, le PS a beaucoup à perdre". L'EXPRESS.fr. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- "Election législative partielle : les résultats définitifs", Villeneuve-sur-Lot, 23 June 2013. Retrieved on 1 October 2013
- De Boissieu, Laurent. "Elections européennes: les listes qui veulent créer la surprise", La Croix, 21 May 2014. Retrieved on 24 June 2014
- Quinault Maupoil, Tristan. "Européennes: un record de 31 listes à départager en Île-de-France", Le Figaro, 12 May 2014. Retrieved on 24 June 2014
- "Résultats européennes 2014 Île-de-France", France TV, 30 May 2014. Retrieved on 24 June 2014
- Yvon, Kathy and Fadeau, Romuald. "A Joué, l'unique candidature de l'UPR en Indre-et-Loire", La Nouvelle République, 13 March 2015. Retrieved on 30 June 2015
- Yvon, Kathy and Fadeau, Romuald. "Une liste UPR à Saint-Herblain 1", Ouest-France, 16 February 2015. Retrieved on 30 June 2015
- Official website(French)