Port of Seattle
|Formed||September 5, 1911|
|Jurisdiction||King County, Washington|
|Headquarters||2711 Alaskan Way|
Seattle, Washington, U.S.
|Annual budget||$670 million (2018)|
The Port of Seattle is a government agency overseeing the seaport and airport of Seattle, Washington, United States. With a portfolio of properties ranging from parks and waterfront real estate, to one of the largest airports and container terminals on the West Coast, the Port of Seattle is one of the Pacific Northwest's leading economic engines.
Its creation was approved by the voters of King County on September 5, 1911, and authorized by the Port District Act. The Port of Seattle is managed by a five-member Port Commission who are elected by the voters of King County and serve four-year terms. The Commissioners govern the Port, lead all inter-governmental functions, and oversee the Executive Director.
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The Port of Seattle was created by the state of Washington in 1911, with a view to regaining public control over the waterfront of Seattle. By Washington State's Port District Act, the port construction plan had to be presented and voted upon before construction could start. One of the biggest factors that swayed the votes in favor of creating the port was the prospect of economic growth. The first Commission Report for 1912 records that: "The Port of Seattle came into existence on September 5, 1911, by a vote of the people of the Port District held on that date in accordance with the Port District Act of March 14, 1911. The work of the commission for the first six months was confined almost entirely to the preparation of projects which were duly approved by the people at a special election held on March 5, 1912."
Development and growth
Port construction began in 1913 with the creation of a home port for the local fishermen; this terminal was completed in 1914 and became the Northern Pacific Fishing Fleet's home of operations. It took over 20 years to get the port up and running due to opposing positions on the board regarding public port legislation, and the balance of economic benefits as against disadvantages. The creation of the Port of Seattle provided facilities for an expansion of shipping trade, later including container shipping, generating increasing economic activity in the area. The Second World War halted much of the global shipping trade and negatively impacted the economy. In 1949 the U.S. Department of Commerce designated a foreign-trade zone in the port.
The port has grown rapidly throughout the years. In 1993 the Bell Street Pier, constructed in 1915, was relocated. Construction began again on the pier in 1988 with the development of the World Trade Center of Seattle. In the early 2000s the Bell Street Pier Cruise Terminal opened, creating employment and economic opportunities in the tourism business. Improvements to security were put in hand following the September 11th attack. As of 2010 the port was continuing to expand as well as create records for cargo holding and efficiency. To mark the centennial in 2011, the Port of Seattle created a historical file with photos and information about the port's and the region's history. Today the port is still a major contributor to the Seattle economy.
Alliance with Tacoma
On October 7, 2014, the Port of Seattle and Port of Tacoma announced an agreement to "jointly market and operate the marine terminals of both ports as a single entity," though they were not merging. Joint operations began with the formation of the Northwest Seaport Alliance on August 4, 2015, creating the third-largest cargo gateway in the United States; by the end of the year, it reported more than 3.5 million twenty-foot equivalent units handled by the two ports, an increase of 4 percent.
A Porsche 959 imported by Bill Gates and Paul Allen was stored at the Port of Seattle for 13 years from 1987 by the Customs Service, until regulations were changed to allow vehicles of "historical or technological significance" to be imported with severe limitations on their use. Gates and Allen both helped pass the "Show or Display" law.
Recent years have brought significant changes to the Port of Seattle. In 2007, Tay Yoshitani joined the organization as CEO. Major scandals soon followed the start of his tenure. The port police department uncovered a significant problem with racist and pornographic emails. After the hiring of a new chief, the organization began to regain its footing, only to be thrust in the spotlight again by former CEO Mic Dinsmore, who claimed a sizable severance had been authorized by the commission. The organization refused to pay and the claim was dropped, though the situation led to an attempted recall of one commissioner. In December that year, the State Auditor's Office issued a critical report on the port's contracting practices (particularly those related to construction of the third runway). The audit report sparked an investigation by the Department of Justice, which was later closed without action.
Newly elected commissioners and CEO Yoshitani implemented a series of reforms, including increased commission oversight of port construction projects and consolidation of the organization's procurement activities into one division to afford better control. Yoshitani also increased commitment to environmental practices. The port has many environmental programs, including shore power for cruise ships and a plan to clean up the Lower Duwamish Waterway (in partnership with Boeing, King County, and the City of Seattle). Increased container and cruise traffic has however increased community concerns, just as the new runway did.
In 2012, port commissioners began outreach on the Century Agenda, a strategic plan for the port's next 25 years. That same year, the Port became one of the most vocal opponents of the proposal to build a new arena in the Stadium District, although it has not been able to provide tangible proof or studies to refute what it says will cause issues for its operations. The City of Seattle studied the port's concerns at length and found them to be lacking in factual data or extensive studies.
Current Port Commissioners
|Position||Commissioner||Office||Took office||Term expiry||Notes|
|Position 1||Ryan Calkins||January 1, 2018||December 31, 2021|
|Position 2||Sam Cho||January 1, 2020||December 31, 2023|
|Position 3||Stephanie Bowman||Commission President||January 1, 2018||December 31, 2021|
|Position 4||Peter Steinbrueck||January 1, 2018||December 31, 2021|
|Position 5||Fred Felleman||Vice President||January 1, 2020||December 31, 2021|
Former Port Commissioners
This list comes from a book published in 1976 and current (2015 and beyond) events. Research ongoing for the rest of the names and terms.
- Hiram M. Chittenden – 1912–15
- C. E. Remsberg – 1912–19
- Robert Bridges – 1912–19
- Dr. Carl A. Ewald – 1915–19
- T. S. Lippy – 1918–21
- W. D. Lincoln – 1919–32
- Dr. W. T. Christensen – 1919–22
- George B. Lamping – 1921–33
- George F. Cotterill – 1922–34
- Smith M. Wilson – 1932–42
- Horace P. Chapman – 1933–47
- J. A. Earley – 1934–51
- E. H. Savage – 1942–58
- A. B. Terry – 1947–48
- Gordon Rowe – 1949–54
- C. H. Carlander – 1951–62
- M. J. Weber – 1954–60
- Capt. Tom McManus – 1958–64
- John M. Haydon – 1960–69
- Gordon Newell – 1960–63
- Frank R. Kitchell – 1961–73
- Miner H. Baker – 1963–69
- Robert W. Norquist – 1963–69
- Merle D. Adlum – 1964–?
- J. Knox Woodruff – 1969–73
- Fenton Radford – 1969–70
- Paul S. Friedlander – 1970–?
- Henry L. Kotkins – 1970–?
- Jack S. Block – 1974–2001
- Henry T. Simonson – 1974–?
- Pat Davis - 1985-?
- Paige Miller - 1988-2005
- Gael Tarleton – 2008–2013
- Bill Bryant – 2008–2015
- Rob Holland – 2010–2013
- John Creighton – 2006–2018
- Tom Albro – 2014–2018
General Managers and CEOs
- J.R. West – 1933–1935
- Col. W.C. Bickford – 1935–1945
- Col. Warren D. Lamport – 1946–1951
- George T. Treadwell – 1951–1953
- Howard M. Burke – 1953–1964
- J. Eldon Opheim – 1964–1977
- Richard D. Ford – 1977–1985
- James D. Dwyer – 1985–1988
- Zeger van Asch van Wijck – 1989–1992
- Mic R. Dinsmore – 1992–2007
- Tay Yoshitani – 2007–2014
- Ted J. Fick – 2014–2017
- Dave Soike (interim) – 2017
- Stephen Metruck – 2017–present
- "Our Mission | Port of Seattle". www.portseattle.org. Retrieved May 13, 2018.
- "The Port of Seattle's Economic Impact" (PDF). Port of Seattle. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 8, 2015. Retrieved May 19, 2017.
- "Title 53 RCW: Port Districts". apps.leg.wa.gov. Retrieved May 13, 2018.
- "Commission | Port of Seattle". www.portseattle.org. Retrieved May 13, 2018.
- Oldham Kit. "Port of Seattle's Commissioners Meet for the First Time September 12, 1911". Historylink.org essay 9726. February 16, 2011.
- U.S. Foreign-Trade Zones Board Order Summary, U.S. Department of Commerce, International Trade Administration, retrieved September 16, 2016
- "Ports of Tacoma, Seattle announce alliance". The News-Tribune. Archived from the original on October 12, 2014. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- Garnick, Coral (August 4, 2015). "Seattle, Tacoma ports OK 'bold' alliance in marine cargo business". The Seattle Times. Retrieved February 29, 2016.
- Wilhelm, Steve (August 4, 2015). "The Northwest Seaport Alliance just became the third-largest cargo gateway in the U.S." Puget Sound Business Journal. Retrieved February 29, 2016.
- "Northwest Seaport Alliance tops 3.5 million containers in 2015" (Press release). Northwest Seaport Alliance. January 21, 2016. Retrieved February 29, 2016.
- Stephan Wilkinson (2005). Gold-Plated Porsche: How I Sank a Small Fortune into a Used Car, and Other Misadventures. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 22. ISBN 978-1-59921-678-2.
- "How To Import A Motor Vehicle For Show Or Display". National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. July 7, 2003.
- "Tay Yoshitani". Port of Seattle. Archived from the original on February 9, 2013. Retrieved July 16, 2016.
- "Port's investigation of its police officers' e-porn called flawed". The Seattle Times.
- "Colleen Wilson". Port of Seattle. Archived from the original on February 9, 2013. Retrieved July 7, 2016.
- "Report cites Port mistakes". The Seattle Times.
- "State audit blasts Port of Seattle". The Seattle Times.
- "Investigation of Port of Seattle fraud ends without indictments". The Seattle Times.
- "Environmental". portseattle.org. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved October 18, 2015.
- "Century Agenda". portseattle.org. Archived from the original on October 13, 2015. Retrieved October 18, 2015.
- "Port of Seattle prepares for stormy sailing in 25-year plan". The Seattle Times.
- "Stadium District Study – What & Why". www.seattle.gov. Seattle Office of Planning and Community Development. Retrieved March 18, 2016.
- "Proposed arena a job killer, say Port of Seattle leaders". The Seattle Times.
- "Seattle Arena Final Environmental Impact Statement Available". buildingconnections.seattle.gov. Retrieved March 18, 2016.
- Beekman, Daniel; Garnick, Coral (May 14, 2015), "More protests planned after giant oil rig muscles in", Seattle Times
- "Port of Seattle Commission". Port of Seattle. Retrieved January 19, 2020.
- "Gael Tarleton". Port of Seattle. Archived from the original on November 18, 2012. Retrieved July 16, 2016.
- "Notice of Resignation" (PDF). Port of Seattle. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 9, 2013. Retrieved July 16, 2016.
- "Bill Bryant". Port of Seattle. Archived from the original on December 7, 2015. Retrieved July 17, 2016.
- "Rob Holland". Port of Seattle. Archived from the original on February 9, 2013. Retrieved July 16, 2016.
- Heffter, Emily (February 13, 2013). "Holland resigns from Port position after story on his problems". The Seattle Times. Archived from the original on March 3, 2015. Retrieved July 16, 2016.
Media related to Port of Seattle at Wikimedia Commons
- Seattle Port Commission records. circa 1899–1960. 5.52 cubic feet.
- The Merle Daniel Adlum Papers, 1945–1986. 67.56 cubic feet. Contains records from Adlum's service as a member of the Seattle Port Commission from 1964–1983.
- Robert Bridges Scrapbooks. 1861–1921. 4 scrapbooks. Contains records from Bridge's service as Seattle Port Commissioner from 1911–1920.