Norwegian Cruise Line
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Cruise Like A Norwegian
Headquarters in Miami-Dade County, Florida.
Miami, Florida, United States
Norwegian Cruise Line (NCL) is a cruise line founded in 1966 and based in the United States. It is the third-largest cruise line in the world, controlling approximately 8.7% of the total worldwide share of the cruise market by passengers as of 2018[update].
Its parent company Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings Ltd is a holding company domiciled in Bermuda and headquartered in unincorporated Miami-Dade County, Florida, and also owns sister cruise lines Oceania Cruises and Regent Seven Seas Cruises. It is a publicly traded company listed on the New York Stock Exchange, with major shareholders including Apollo Global Management (15.8%), Genting Group (11.1%), and TPG Capital (2.3%) as of 20 March 2017[update].
- 1 History
- 2 Norwegian Cruise Line ships
- 3 Private islands
- 4 References
- 5 External links
The cruise line was founded as Norwegian Caribbean Line in 1966 by Knut Kloster and Ted Arison, with the 8,666-ton, 140m cruise ship/car ferry, Sunward, which in 1966 operated as a car-ferry between Southampton UK and Gibraltar, for that one, short season only. Arison soon left to form Carnival Cruise Lines, while Kloster acquired additional ships for Caribbean service. Norwegian pioneered many firsts in the cruise industry like: the first Out Island Cruise, the first combined air-sea program (marketed as "Cloud 9 Cruises") which combined low cost air fares with the cruise, first shipline to develop new ports in the Caribbean, like Ocho Rios in Jamaica. Like the original Sunward of 1966, Norwegians's second ship, the Starward had the capability to carry automobiles through a well concealed stern door. Later, this area was turned into cabins and a two deck movie theater, which is now a casino. Norwegian was responsible for many of the cruise innovations that have now become standard throughout the industry.
Norwegian made headlines with the acquisition of the France in 1979, rebuilding the liner as a cruise ship and renaming her Norway. The conversion cost more than $100 million USD. The Norway was at the time significantly larger than any existing cruise ship, and exploited the extra space available by adding a greater than usual variety of onboard entertainment. Her success paved the way for a new era of giant cruise ships. A boiler explosion in May 2003 forced Norwegian to withdraw the Norway from service, later being laid up in Bremerhaven, Germany until 2005 when she was towed to Port Klang Malaysia with the claimed intent to use her as an anchored casino or slow overnight casino cruises on her remaining boilers. Instead, she was sold for scrap and renamed the SS Blue Lady and later beached at Alang, Gujarat, India in August 2006 with claims that she had not been cleaned of toxic materials. On September 11, 2007, the India Supreme Court issued an order permitting her to be broken-up at Alang, despite the presence of large amounts of hazardous asbestos remaining on board.
Norwegian has expanded to other parts of the world, including Alaska, Europe, Bermuda, and Hawaii. Between 1997 and 2001 the company also operated cruises out of Australia under the name Norwegian Capricorn Line.
Its subsidiary Orient Lines, founded in 1991 to run the Marco Polo, was acquired in 1998. Norwegian itself was acquired by Star Cruises, a subsidiary of the Malaysia-based Genting Group, in 2000. In 2007 Star Cruises sold the Marco Polo to Transocean Tours. Orient Lines ceased trading when the ship was delivered to its new owners in early 2008.
In 2002, Norwegian purchased the half-complete hull of the first Project America ship, at the time under construction at Ingalls Shipbuilding in Pascagoula, Mississippi, US, which was towed to Germany to be completed at the Lloyd Werft shipyard. Subsequently Norwegian acquired the rights to move two ships built entirely outside the United States under the US flag, making it possible to start a US-flagged operation under the brand name NCL America. In 2003 the company announced the purchase of the American-flagged liners SS United States and SS Independence. In their July 2007 fiscal report, Norwegian noted the sale of the Independence, renamed SS Oceanic some time before. On July 1, 2010, the SS United States Conservancy struck a deal to buy the SS United States for $3 million. On February 1, 2011, the ownership was officially transferred to the SS United States Conservancy.
In August 2007, Star Cruises sold 50% of Norwegian for $1 billion to US-based Apollo Management (owners of Oceania Cruises) in order to strengthen Norwegian's financial position. Subsequently Norwegian reported in February 2008 that the Pride of Aloha, one of the two remaining NCL America ships, would be withdrawn from service in May of the same year. Initial reports suggested she would be transferred to the fleet of Star Cruises, but it was later announced that she would return to the Norwegian international fleet as the Norwegian Sky, while the Norwegian Majesty and Norwegian Dream would be sold to Louis Cruise Lines. The sale of the Norwegian Dream was subsequently canceled. It was announced in September 2012 that the Norwegian Dream would become the Superstar Gemini for Star Cruises, from January 2013.
On June 1, 2012, Norwegian announced the signing of a memorandum of agreement to exercise its option to purchase Norwegian Sky. The purchase price was approximately $260 million, financing being provided by the seller.
In January 2013, Norwegian Cruise Lines filed for an IPO. As of 30 June 2014[update], Apollo Management only has a 20% stake and the Genting-Group-owned Star Cruises only had a 28% stake in the cruise line. In September 2014, Norwegian Cruise Line announced that it had purchased Prestige Cruise Holdings, the parent company of both Oceania Cruises and Regent Seven Seas Cruises in cash and stock for a total transaction consideration of $3.025 billion, including the assumption of debt.
On 11 March 2014, Norwegian announced that it was canceling all future port calls at Tunisia following an incident where the country forbade Israeli nationals from disembarking.
On 9 January 2015, it was announced that Kevin Sheehan, President and CEO, had been succeeded by Frank Del Rio, co-founder of Oceania Cruises.
On October 17, 2012, Meyer Werft and Norwegian reached a second agreement for the construction of two new vessels. Slated for delivery in October 2015 and 2017, respectively. The project was under the code name "Breakaway Plus Class" and it is expected for the vessels to be 163,000 tons and hold 4,200 passengers. The Norwegian Escape entered service in November 2015 and weighs 164,600 tons. Norwegian is expected to confirm its option for the 2017 vessel soon. Two more vessels were ordered on July 14, 2014, they will enter service in 2018 and 2019 and will be slightly bigger at 164,000 GT.
In December 2016, it was announced that Norwegian Cruise Line has reached an agreement with the Cuban government. In May 2017, the Norwegian Sky was the first Norwegian vessel to ever visit Cuba. The Norwegian Sky makes weekly trips from Miami to Havana, Cuba, making Norwegian the only line sailing that route weekly.
In 2018, the Norwegian Bliss built by Meyer Werft will be sailing for Alaska while in 2019, the fourth ship in the class, Norwegian Encore will sail the Caribbean from her original homeport of Miami. 
In June 2018, Miami Beach developer Russell Galbut was named chairman of Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings, replacing previous Chairman Walter Revell.
In July 2018, the company announced an order for two more ships of Leonardo Class. They are expected to enter service in 2026 and 2027.
Norwegian Cruise Line ships
|Norwegian Sky||1999||1999-2004, 2008||2013||77,104 tons||Bahamas||Miami, Florida||Sailed as NCL America Pride of Aloha from 2004 to 2008, originally constructed as Costa Olympia, but sold to NCL during construction. Sister to the Costa Victoria and the Norwegian Sun|
|Norwegian Sun||2001||2001||2018||78,309 tons||Bahamas||Seward, Alaska; Vancouver, British Columbia; San Francisco, California; Miami, Florida; Los Angeles, California; Buenos Aires, Argentina; Santiago, Chile; Seattle, Washington; Port Canaveral, Florida|
|Norwegian Spirit||1998||2004||2014||75,338 tons||Bahamas||Previously SuperStar Leo (Leo Class)
Sister to the SuperStar Virgo
|Norwegian Star||2001||2001||2018||91,740 tons||Bahamas||Originally ordered as Superstar Libra (Libra Class)|
|Norwegian Dawn||2002||2002||June 2016||92,250 tons||Bahamas||Originally ordered as SuperStar Scorpio (Libra Class)|
|Norwegian Jewel||2005||2005||May 2014||93,502 tons||Bahamas|
|Norwegian Jade||2006||2006||March 2017||93,558 tons||Bahamas||ex Pride Of Hawaii, reconstructed in 2008 as the Norwegian Jade|
|Norwegian Pearl||2006||2006||February 2017||93,530 tons||Bahamas|
|Norwegian Gem||2007||2007||November 2015||93,530 tons||Bahamas|
|Norwegian Epic||2010||2010||October 2015||155,873 tons||Bahamas||Port Canaveral, Florida; Rome, Italy; Barcelona, Spain;|
|Norwegian Breakaway||2013||2013||April 2018||146,600
|Bahamas||New York City, New York; Copenhagen, Denmark; Berlin Germany||This ship was delivered on April 25, 2013.|
|Norwegian Getaway||2014||2014||N/A (Scheduled for June 2019)||145,655
|Bahamas||Miami, Florida; Copenhagen, Denmark; New York City, New York; New Orleans, Louisiana||This ship was delivered on January 10, 2014.|
Breakaway Plus Class
|Norwegian Escape||2015||2015||N/A||164,600 tons||Bahamas||Miami, Florida until April 20, 2018
New York City, New York Beginning April 22, 2018
|Norwegian Joy||2017||2017||N/A||167,725 tons||Bahamas||Shanghai & Tianjin (Beijing)|
|Norwegian Bliss||2018||2018||N/A||167,800 tons||Bahamas||Seattle, Washington, Miami, Florida & New York City, New York||9th largest cruise ship in the world after Royal Caribbean International's Quantum Class|
Norwegian America Line
for NCL America
|Pride of America||2005||2005||March 2016||80,439 GRT||United States||First large, newly built US-flagged cruise ship in nearly 50 years; the only ship in her class.|
|Ship||Class||Inaugural Voyage||Tonnage||Flag||Home Port||Notes|
|Norwegian Encore||Breakaway Plus Class||2019||167,800 GT||Bahamas||Miami, Florida|
|Unnamed||Project Leonardo||2022||140,000 GT||Bahamas|
|Unnamed||Project Leonardo||2023||140,000 GT||Bahamas|
|Unnamed||Project Leonardo||2024||140,000 GT||Bahamas|
|Unnamed||Project Leonardo||2025||140,000 GT||Bahamas|
|Unnamed||Project Leonardo||2026||140,000 GT||Bahamas|
|Unnamed||Project Leonardo||2027||140,000 GT||Bahamas|
|Ship||Built||In service for NCL||Tonnage||Status as of 2018||Image|
|Sunward||1966||1966–1976||8,666 GRT||Scrapped in 2004 at Chittagong, Bangladesh.|
|Starward||1968||1968–1995||12,948 GRT||Scrapped in 2018 at Alang, India.|
|Skyward||1969||1969–1991||16,254 GRT||Since 2000 Leisure World for New Century Cruise Lines.|
|Seaward||1972||Never entered service||17,042 GT||Sunk in 2016 near the port of Laem Chabang, Thailand.|
|Southward||1971||1971–1994||16,607 GRT||Scrapped in 2013 at Aliaga, Turkey.|
|Sunward II||1971||1977–1991||14,151 GRT||Scrapped in 2014 at Aliaga, Turkey.|
|Norway||1961||1979–2003||76,049 GRT||Scrapped in 2008 at Alang, India.|
|Seaward / Norwegian Sea||1988||1988–2005||42,276 GRT||Since 2005 SuperStar Libra for Star Cruises.|
|Westward||1972||1991–1993||28,221 GRT||Since 1996 Black Watch for Fred. Olsen Cruise Lines.|
|Sunward||1973||1991–1992, 1992–1993||28,078 GRT||Since 2005 Boudicca for Fred. Olsen Cruise Lines.|
|Norwegian Star||1973||1997–1998||28,518 GRT||Since 2004 MS Albatros for Phoenix Reisen.|
|Dreamward / Norwegian Dream||1992||1992–2008||50,764 GT||Since 2012 SuperStar Gemini for Star Cruises.|
|Windward / Norwegian Wind||1993||1993–2007||50,760 GT||Since 2007 SuperStar Aquarius for Star Cruises.|
|Leeward||1980||1995–1999||25,611 GT||Since 2007 Cristal for Louis Cruise Lines.|
|Norwegian Crown||1988||1996–2000, 2003–2007||34,242 GRT||Since 2008 Balmoral for Fred. Olsen Cruise Lines.|
|Norwegian Dynasty||1993||1997–1999||19,089 GRT||Since 2001 Braemar for Fred. Olsen Cruise Lines.|
|Norwegian Majesty||1992||1997–2009||40,876 GT||Since 2018 Princess Iris for Mano Maritime.|
|Independence||1951||Never entered service||20,221 GRT||Wrecked and scrapped in 2010 off Alang, India.|
|SS United States||1952||Never entered service||53,330 GT||Remains laid up in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.|
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